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LJS 184 - Isidore, of Seville, Saint, d. 636 - Liber ethimologiarum
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Isidore, of Seville, Saint, d. 636.
Liber ethimologiarum [manuscript].
[Catalonia], [between 1265 and 1299]
Physical description:
184 leaves : parchment ; 356 x 242 (234 x 160) mm. bound to 357 x 246 mm.
Encyclopedia with emphasis on word origins, arranged by subject. The manuscript follows the standard division into 20 books, except that Book 3, on mathematics, music, and astronomy, is divided into Books 3 and 4, giving the manuscript a total of 21 books. Additional astronomical material, probably from Bede's De temporum ratione, appears at the end of Book 21 (f. 178v-183v), with the running head of Book 21 continuing to the end of the manuscript.
1. f.1r-2v: [Prefatory material]
2. f.3r-16r: Liber I, [De grammatica]
3. f.16r-26r: Liber II, [De rhetorica et dialectica]
4. f.26r-31r: Liber III, [De mathematica, De musica]
5. f.31r-35r: Liber IV, [De astronomia]
6. f.35r-39r: Liber V, [De medicina]
7. f.39r-47v: Liber VI, [De legibus et temporibus]
8. f.47v-57r: Liber VII, [De libris et officiis ecclesiasticis]
9. f.57r-68r: Liber VIII, [De deo, angelis, et sanctis]
10. f.68r-77r: Liber IX, [De ecclesia et sectis]
11. f.77r-87r: Liber X, [De linguis, gentibus, regnis, militia, civibus, affinitatibus]
12. f.87r-95r: Liber XI, [De vocabulis]
13. f.95r-102v: Liber XII, [De homine et portentis]
14. f.102v-114r: Liber XIII, [De animalibus]
15. f.114r-120v: Liber XIV, [De mundo et partibus]
16. f.120v-129r: Liber XV, [De terra et partibus]
17. f.129r-137r: Liber XVI, [De aedificiis et agris]
18. f.137r-147v: Liber XVII, [De lapidis et metallis]
19. f.147v-158r: Liber XVIII, [De rebus rusticis]
20. f.158r-164r: Liber XIX, [De bello et ludis]
21. f.164r-173v: Liber XX, [De navibus, aedificiis, et vestibus]
22. f.173v-178v: Liber XXI, [De domo et instrumentis domesticis]
23. f.178v-183v: [Additions from Bede's De temporum ratione]
Probably formerly held in the library of the monastery of Poblet in Catalonia (Huglo and Díaz y Díaz).
Formerly owned by Harrison D. Horblit (Ridgefield, Conn.).
Appears in H. P. Kraus's cat. 155 (1980), no. 8.
Formerly owned by John D. Stanitz (Cleveland, Ohio), Ms. 15.
Acquired by Lawrence J. Schoenberg with other Stanitz manuscripts, Sept. 1997.
Gift of Lawrence J. Schoenberg and Barbara Brizdle in honor of William Noel, Director, Schoenberg Institute for Manuscript Studies, 2012.
Related names:
Bede, the Venerable, Saint, 673-735. De temporum ratione.
Horblit, Harrison D., former owner.
Stanitz, John D., former owner.
Schoenberg, Lawrence J., former owner.
Poblet (Monastery), former owner.
Encyclopedias and dictionaries - Early works to 1600.
Form / Genre:
Manuscripts, Latin - 13th century.
Manuscripts, Medieval.
Ms. codex.
Title from opening rubric (f. 1r).
Collation: Parchment, i (modern) + 184 + i (former pastedown); 1-15¹² 16⁴; [1-184], modern foliation in pencil, lower left recto. Vertical catchword in ornamental frame on the last verso of each gathering, except gathering 6 and the final gathering.
Layout: Written in 2 columns of 40 lines, with running heads of L (for Liber) on the versos and book number on the rectos; frame-ruled in lead with double vertical and horizontal bounding lines.
Script: Written in Gothic script by a single hand.
Decoration: Historiated 6-line initial depicting Isidore lecturing to 2 monks and half border with grotesques, including human-animal hybrid musicians (f. 1r); 2 2-line initials in burnished gold on pink and blue grounds (f. 1r); numerous 2- to 4-line initials alternating between blue with red flourishing and red with purple flourishing; running heads in alternating red and blue letters; narrow red and blue borders on the left margin of the columns on many pages, more often the left column, sometimes both; initials touched with red; rubrication in red. Blank space between De mathematica and De musica (f. 29r) was probably intended for diagrams that are characteristic of Iberian manuscripts of this text (Michel Huglo, CNRS, Paris).
Binding: 14th-century boards, with some writing on the upper cover including the name of Isidore, and part of a Spanish notarial document dated 1330 as a former pastedown inside the lower cover (Kyle Ann Huskin); rebacked in 1990.
Origin: Probably written in Catalonia, possibly at the monastery of Poblet (Michel Huglo; Manuel C. Díaz y Díaz, University of Santiago de Compostela), in the late 13th century.
Indexed / Referenced in:
Described in Transformation of knowledge: early manuscripts from the collection of Lawrence J. Schoenberg (London: Paul Holberton, 2006), p. 131 (LJS 184).
Publications of or about this material:
Quandt, Abigail B. "The documentation and treatment of a late 13th century copy of Isidore of Seville's Etymologies." The Book and Paper Group Annual, Volume 10 (1991).
Huglo, Michel. "The Musica Isidori tradition in the Iberian Peninsula," footnotes 31 and 36 (page 86). In Zapke, Susana, editor. Hispania vetus: musical-liturgical manuscripts from Visigothic origins to the Franco-Roman transition (9th-12th centuries). Bilbao: Fundación BBVA, 2007.
Cite as:
UPenn LJS 184
Manuscript location:
Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts University of Pennsylvania LJS 184

Find Related Items:

Collection: Lawrence J. Schoenberg Collection
Collection: Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts
Facsimile: Yes
Illuminated: Yes
Illustrated: Yes
Notated: No
Language: Latin
Century: 13th century
Date: 1265
Genre: Codices
Genre: Encyclopedias
Genre: Illuminations
Genre: Manuscripts, Latin - 13th century
Genre: Manuscripts, Medieval
Subject: Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Author: Isidore, of Seville, Saint, d. 636
Related names: Bede, the Venerable, Saint, 673-735. De temporum ratione
Related names: Horblit, Harrison D., former owner
Related names: Poblet (Monastery), former owner
Related names: Schoenberg, Lawrence J., former owner
Related names: Stanitz, John D., former owner
Page material: Parchment