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American Women?s Hospitals records

WM.SC.010

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Drexel University. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
Drexel University: College of Medicine Legacy Center
Title:
American Women?s Hospitals records
Date [inclusive]:
1917-1982
Call Number:
WM.SC.010
Extent:
31.5 Linear feet (63 boxes)
Language:
English
Language of Materials note:
Materials are in English.
Abstract:
The collection contains the primary source material for a thorough institutional history of a major women's service organization that spans three-quarters of a century. Issues of professionalization, volunteerism, and social and occupational networks as they relate to women's professional and social careers are well-documented. The AWH records provide the sources to examine a classic example of a woman's association that self-consciously bridged private and public domains, actively sought to bring the resources of public associations and the state to the aid of individuals in their own communities, and, in those countries which most severely relegated women to the private household, offered women access to a professional and public career.
Cite as:
American Women?s Hospitals records, Drexel University College of Medicine Archives.
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

In November, 1915, at the Fiftieth Anniversary celebration of Chicago's Mary Thompson Hospital, a group of women physicians founded the Medical Women's National Association (MWNA). Two years later, in June, 1917, 300 women gathered at MWNA's annual meeting in New York City where Dr. Rosalie Slaughter Morton presented an illustrated lecture on the work of women physicians in World War I. Following her presentation, the members of MWNA agreed that a committee should be appointed to urge utilization of American women physicians in war work. Dr. Bertha Van Hoosen, president of MWNA, thereupon established the War Service Committee to register female medical workers, raise funds, and develop plans for service in Europe. The Committee adopted the name American Women's Hospitals in recognition of the fine work of the Scottish Women's Hospitals. Thus did the AWH begin its two-fold mission -- the relief of suffering through medical care, and the advancement of women in the medical profession.

Between 1917 and 1919, the AWH concentrated on fundraising and registration. Simultaneously, Dr. Esther Pohl Lovejoy, serving under the auspices of the American Fund for French Wounded and the American Red Cross, surveyed conditions in Europe. Lovejoy was to serve as AWH president for almost a half century, from 1919 to 1967. Her report at the 1918 MWNA meeting coincided with the sailing of the first AWH medical unit to Europe. American Women's Hospital #1 was established at the village of Neufmotiers, Seine-et-Marne, France on July 28, 1918.

By November of that year, over 1000 women physicians had been registered and $200,000 raised. However, when the Armistice was signed eleven days later, war relief efforts were thrown into disarray. The patriotism and fervor so prevalent in the U.S. during wartime declined rapidly as Americans left Europeans to fend for themselves. In the AWH, committee members resigned, donors withdrew pledges, and even personal friends withdrew support. Still, many founders of the AWH realized that "sickness did not end with the Armistice." Lovejoy claimed that the "aftermath -- local wars, revolutions, famine, and forced migrations" were "worse than the War in some countries."1 Dr. Barbara Hunt, Director of AWH #1, declared that "The war has been won; now the peace must be won."2 Throughout France, Serbia, and the Near East, American women physicians and nurses met medical emergencies, established public health programs, and provided social welfare services under the auspices of AWH. Typhoid fever, influenza, malaria, tuberculosis, venereal disease, pneumonia, smallpox, cholera, and a variety of skin and eye diseases literally plagued Europe; and, in many areas, the AWH provided the only medical care in the immediate post-war years.

For the AWH, medical care embraced transportation of patients, public health projects, temporary housing, and nurses' training as well as the more traditional optical, dental, surgical, and emergency treatments. The AWH shared medical work with the Red Cross and similar groups and complemented these efforts through joint social and economic programs with associations such as the American Committee for Devastated France, the Serbian Child Welfare Agency, the Near East Relief Committee, and with local and national government agencies.

By 1922, the AWH not only had provided four years of service to Europe, but also had established a number of projects and institutions through which local personnel could continue these services. At this juncture, plans for "terminating the program were under consideration" when the "greatest migration in the history of mankind" was begun by the burning of Smyrna and the "exodus of the Christian population from Turkey . . . ." This "unprecedented disaster calling for medical service changed the course of the American Women's Hospitals and [their] most important work began. Under the direction of Dr. Olga Stastny, a quarantine station was opened on Macronissi Island--an eleven-mile stretch of barren rock. Here three doctors, two nurses, and several refugee assistants cared for over 12,000 refugees suffering from smallpox, lice, typhus, and numerous other diseases. This work and the medical needs of the thousands of refugees flooding into Greece spurred the AWH to new and more extensive ventures. Mobil medical units, milk stations, and well-baby clinics were opened throughout Greece along with hospitals, nurses' training schools, and orphanages. Extension rather than termination became the policy of the AWH as they established similar services in Albania, Turkey, Serbia, Russia, Japan, and China during the 1930s. The primary purpose of the AWH remained the same: the relief of suffering through medical care.

The extension of efforts clarified the importance of their secondary aims: the advancement of women in medicine, and the establishment of ongoing health education, prevention, and care programs. Lectures, slide shows, and illustrated pamphlets were utilized throughout the United States to publicize women's medical work and to encourage donations for its continued support. In addition, the AWH campaigned for American government recognition of women's wartime medical service, which finally was forthcoming in 1943. Abroad, the organization campaigned for medical women's associations in each country, the members of which would be joined organizationally in the Medical Women's International Association (MWIA). The MWIA was a direct outgrowth of an AWH-sponsored reception in New York City in October, 1919, and Dr. Lovejoy served as the organization's first president simultaneously with her assumption of the AWH presidency. To further these international efforts, the AWH trained medical women in the various countries in which they served. Initially, the AWH sent American personnel abroad, but they soon discovered that female personnel "with a knowledge of the needs, facilities, languages and mores of their homeland could work more effectively and economically . . ." Moreover, this "policy of using locally qualified personnel" helped "to improve the status of women doctors" in their own country.

One product of this policy was the AWH School of Nursing established in Kokkinia, Greece. It was also in Kokkinia that the AWH founded one of its most extensive education, prevention, and care programs. Centered on the Model Public Hospital or Polyclinic, the program was directed by Drs. Ruth Parmelee and Angenette Parry and Miss Emilie Willams, R.N. The Polyclinic provided extensive outpatient services and hospital and surgical care while mobil units in dozens of villages offered emergency medical care, home demonstrations, milk stations, and immunization, maternity, and well-baby clinics. Over time, the maternity and pediatric wards became the focus of AWH efforts as local authorities and personnel took over other services; in 1969, the Polyclinic, serving over 16,000 individual cases per year, came under the complete control of the Greeks. World War II led to the re-establishment of AWH projects in France and the initiation of specific wartime services in Britain and other heavily bombarded areas. In the post-war period, AWH followed pre-war patterns but extended their programs to new geographical regions. Projects in Asia and the southern United States, initiated in the 1920s and 1930s respectively, were expanded in the 1950s and 1960s; a mobile roadside clinic in northern Haiti introduced AWH workers to Latin America in 1952. In these new regions, maternity care, pediatric services, family planning, and community health programs were the primary concerns of the AWH. In China, Japan, India, and Southeast Asia, the AWH trained and funded Asian personnel to provide such care, while in the southern United States local medical personnel, including visiting nurse-midwives, staffed a Healthmobile, maternity shelters, and general clinics. Here and in Latin America, projects were often more mobile and temporary than their European predecessors, but the emphasis remained woman-directed, community-oriented and controlled, and multifaceted medical care.

In the mid-1940s, Dr. Ruth Tichauer began a clinic in LaPaz, Bolivia on a similar model; and in 1961, the AWH provided funds to extend her work through a multi-purpose clinic which clearly reflected the historical and contemporary concerns of the AWH. The Bolivian project continues to serve the needs of the Aymaran Indians through both urban and rural clinics providing dental, legal, and social as well as medical services. An agricultural program to provide a more healthful diet and a sanitary water system had been included in the AWH-funded project. Dr. Tichauer and her staff have utilized and trained local medical personnel and have themselves played prominent roles in Latin American and international medical associations. Thus, the Bolivian project very effectively combines the wide-ranging concerns of the AWH.

From 1959 to 1982, the AWH labored under an independent charter which made them financially and administratively distinct from MWNA, itself renamed the American Medical Women's Association (AMWA) in 1937. In 1982, on AWH's 75th Anniversary, the organization once again became a committee of AMWA while continuing to fund projects specifically under their auspices. It was at the point of merging with AMWA in 1982 that the AWH completed the transfer of its own records to the Archives and Special Collections on Women in Medicine.

1. Esther Pohl Lovejoy, Women Physicians and Surgeons, National and International Organizations: Twenty Years with the American Women's Hospitals, A Review(Livingston, N.Y.: Livingston Press, 1939),25.

2. Women's Medical Journal, 29 (1919), 7.

3. Lovejoy, 119, 121.

4. Estelle Fraade, "American Women's Hospitals Service," World Medical Journal, 5 (1969), 114.

5. Ibid.

Scope and Contents

The Records of the American Women's Hospitals contain several types of historical material, cover a wide geographical area, and extend over a sixty-five year period. In the earliest years of the AWH, 1917-1920, the major arenas of activity were France, Albania, Greece, and the Near East. AWH personnel continued to labor extensively in the last three areas during the 1920s and 1930s and added services to Serbia, Russia, Asia, and the rural United States. The outbreak of World War II returned their attention to Western Europe as projects of emergency medical relief were made necessary in war zones. In the post-war period, the AWH worked to shift administrative and professional duties to the home country in Greece and France, and financed the training and employment of native female personnel in China, Japan, Haiti, India, Southeast Asia, and the Philippines. The most recent AWH ventures have focused on Indians in North and South America, and rural residents of the southeastern United States, curtailing emergency medical services in favor of on-going prevention programs.

Ten categories of material cover the period from the founding of the AWH as the War Service Committee of MWNA in 1917, through its incorporation as an independent organization, to its merger once again with the American Medical Women's Association in 1982. The 10 categories are: Historical Materials; Esther Pohl Lovejoy Materials; Project Files; Miscellaneous Correspondence; Minutes; Financial Records; Published Materials; Scrapbooks and Exhibition Materials; Memorabilia and Artifacts; and Photographs. The largest quantity of material is contained in section III, Project Files (Boxes 4-17e). Within this section are materials on the early years of the AWH; reports of AWH fieldwork; honors and testimonials to AWH personnel; relations with the American Medical Association and the Medical Women's International Association; and reports and talks by Dr. Esther Pohl Lovejoy, AWH president from 1919 to 1967. The largest number of project files concern individual medical projects funded by AWH, identified by geographical region or by the personnel directing a particular project. The most extensive projects are covered by both geographical and personnel files; these two, often overlapping, types of files were kept distinct to reflect the original filing system of the AWH office in New York City. In addition, one file each is devoted to the American Red Cross and the Reserve Corps, a private group which provided financial support for AWH projects between 1944 and 1949.

Ten volumes of minute books and two folders of minutes and correspondence, cover the period June 9, 1917 to June 2, 1982. These provide a continuous history of the AWH which cannot be obtained from the project files. Eleven boxes of  financial records are also included and consist of annual and semi-annual audits between 1918 and 1981 and five ledger books from 1968-1982. A variety of  miscellaneous materials, such as fundraising pamphlets, and books and articles authored by AWH personnel, comprise the bulk of this section. Several envelopes of photographs, three picture albums, one box of copper plate images of AWH field workers, 28 project files (18 by region and 10 by individual personnel), a letter box of Lovejoy correspondence with AMWA, and a number of miscellaneous files complete the series.

The collection also houses 19 boxes of photographs and picture albums. While many of the photos are unidentified, they provide a graphic chronicle of the variety and forms of AWH fieldwork. These photos were constantly requested of field workers by AWH officers in New York City to be used in fundraising and publicity campaigns. This accounts for the frequency with which AWH insignia appear in the pictures. Another 3 boxes contain  published materials including books, reprints, and medical journals which complement journal runs housed at the Archives and in the MCP College Library. Two significant types of information appear sporadically in the AWH records: financial and personnel. Most of this information is scattered throughout the project files with additional material contained in the minute books. The index points the researcher to those project files with the most significant data, but systematic recreation of employment information, especially, would be very difficult to achieve from the existing records.

Several AWH projects are documented in particularly rich detail. AWH work in France, the Near East, Greece, and Bolivia is described in project files, in the correspondence of AWH personnel, and in reports and articles, and is vividly depicted in photographs. The major emphases in these projects were emergency medical care, maternity and children's care, preventive care programs, and the coordination of social and economic with medical aid. The materials covering these projects illustrate the enormous range of AWH labors across time and place, the multiplicity of needs and services in a single location, and the broad definition of medical care employed by the AWH.

The research value of the AWH collection is as wide-ranging as the services provided by the organization itself. There were clear historical precedents for AWH work, reaching back at least to women's labors with the United States Sanitary Commission during the Civil War. The General Hospital of New York, established for the care of returning soldiers a year before AWH was founded, was nurtured by the same patriotic and professional concerns of the later organization. Yet as Inez Hayes Irwin noted, for the extensiveness and success of its efforts, "the 'American Women's Hospitals' service is . . . a 'Cullinan' gleaming amid the big diamonds of medical achievement . . . ."(1) It was "singularly adapted to meeting appeals for medical relief with speed and economy." Its flexibility, wide connections with doctors all over the world through the Medical Women's International Association and confidence in the knowledge and judgement of colleagues regarding . . . local medical needs" has allowed AWH to provide in the field of medicine what women have provided in so many other spheres of American life--"maximum work at minimum cost."(2)

The AWH records provide a rich reservoir for the examination of such efforts in the twentieth century. The collection contains the primary source material for a thorough institutional history of a major women's service organization that spans three-quarters of a century. Issues of professionalization, volunteerism, and social and occupational networks as they relate to women's professional and social careers are well-documented. In addition, the AWH worked with a wide variety of class, racial, and ethnic groups and often mediated between disadvantaged groups seeking medical attention and local and national governments trying to conserve resources. Women's historians have vigilantly traced the growing distinction between private (women's) and public (men's) domains that began in the United States in the late eighteenth century, the effects of that growing distinction on women, and women's efforts to reshape private and public roles in their own and society's interests. The AWH records provide the sources to examine a classic example of a woman's association that self-consciously bridged private and public domains, actively sought to bring the resources of public associations and the state to the aid of individuals in their own communities, and, in those countries which most severely relegated women to the private household, offered women access to a professional and public career. In these efforts, AWH personnel gained experience and expertise in public relations, political activism (including woman's suffrage in the United States), international diplomacy, and medicine.

The primary focus of the AWH was emergency medical care. AWH records bearing directly on such care are most valuable in two areas: 1) the role of women in particular in such care; and 2) the application of medical care in a variety of social, economic, and political situations. The planning, funding, and actual administration of emergency medical treatment, especially in European and Near Eastern theaters of war, is fully documented in these files. The inclusion in AWH files of personal correspondence and field reports highlights a number of issues and events that are unusual to find discussed in such an institutional collection. Daily operations, particularly in Greece, Serbia, and Bolivia, and including personnel and personality conflicts within and between projects, are detailed in correspondence from Drs. Ruth Parmelee, Elfie Graff, Mabel Elliott, Sarah Foulks, Etta Gray, and Ruth Tichauer. Debates and negotiations over the relations between U.S.-based and foreign-based services and between U.S.-based and foreign-based personnel are included in the correspondence and reports from numerous projects. Also included are detailed descriptions of transportation, supply, and language problems. These same files contain full evaluations of social, economic, and, less frequently, political conditions in many regions of the world.

The application of medical treatments and the development of medical programs in this variety of circumstances is described in a number of ways. Specific medical and surgical treatments are detailed in case histories of individual patients and in statistical summaries of cases in a particular project. The correspondence of directors and physicians contains evaluations of specific treatments, particularly in unusual circumstances such as the Macronissi Island quarantine. Photographs depict both a wide variety of illnesses and some forms of medical care. The files on Greece, Latin America, and the southeastern United States contain some of the most graphic descriptions in terms of ongoing medical programs while those on Greece and Great Britain include vivid images of both war-time conditions and the medical problems they create.

The availability at the Archives and Special Collections on Women in Medicine of other individual and institutional papers which complement the AWH papers greatly enhances the research potential of this collection. These include the MWIA records; the AMWA historical collection, which consists of the papers of a number of individual women physician's active in the organization; AMWA, Branch 25 (Philadelphia) records; Bertha Van Hoosen, M.D., papers; and the personal papers of a number of women physicians active in AWH, including the papers of Dr. Alma Dea Morani, who succeeded Dr. Esther Pohl Lovejoy as President of the organization in 1967. A guide to materials in the Archives and Special Collections on Women in Medicine can be found online at http://archives.drexelmed.edu and is available from the Archives.

1. Irwin quoted in Esther Pohl Lovejoy, Women Physicians and Surgeons, Natonal and International Organizations: Twenty Years with the American Women's Hospitals, A Review (Livingston, N.Y.: Livingston Press, 1939), 25.

2. Estelle Fraade, "American Women's Hospitals Service," World Medical Journal, 5 (1969), 116.

Arrangement note

The collection is arranged into 10 series:
  1. Historical Materials
  2. Esther Pohl Lovejoy Materials
  3. Project Files
  4. Miscellaneous Correspondence
  5. Minute Books
  6. Financial Records
  7. Published Materials
  8. Scrapbooks and Exhibition Materials
  9. Memorabilia and Artifacts
  10. Photographs

Administrative Information

Publication Information

Drexel University: College of Medicine Legacy Center ,  2009

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Finding aid prepared by Eric Rosenzweig

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Consult archivist regarding copyright restrictions.

Provenance

The American Women's Hospitals (AWH) records were offered to the Archives and Special Collections on Women in Medicine, The Medical College of Pennsylvania, in 1979 under the direction of AWH President, Dr. Alma Dea Morani. The largest portion of the collection was transferred to the Archives in 1980 and was processed during 1981 with funds provided by AWH.

Additional early records were added in 1982, 1983, 1984, and 1987 completing the collection, which spans the period from 1917 through 1982.

With the funds provided by the American Women's Hospitals, the Archives and Special Collections on Women in Medicine hired Nancy Hewitt in 1981 to arrange and describe the collection and produce this guide. Dr. Hewitt, now an associate professor of history at the University of South Florida, was, at the time she worked on the Guide, a doctoral candidate in the Department of History at the University of Pennsylvania. She completed arrangement of the collection and preparation of a draft of the guide in the fall of 1982. By 1987, the last of the American Women's Hospitals records were deposited in the Archives and Special Collections on Women in Medicine, and work began by the Archives staff to incorporate these later shipments of materials into the collection and list them in the Guide. Dr. Hewitt also wrote the comprehensive overviews preceding the listing and the narrative descriptions of individual series.

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Related Materials

Related Material

Medical Women's International Association records. [ADD RESOURCE ID AND LINK TO FINDING AID]

American Medical Women's Association records

Bertha Van Hoosen, M.D. papers

Alma Dea Morani, M.D. papers

Marion Craig Potter, M.D. papers

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Controlled Access Headings

Personal Name(s)
  • Elliott, Mabel Evelyn, b. 1881
  • Foulks, Sara
  • Graff, Elfie Richards
  • Gray, Etta G., b. 1880
  • Lovejoy, Esther Pohl, 1870-1967
  • Van Hoosen, Bertha, -1863
Subject(s)
  • Women in medicine--History
  • Women--Suffrage
  • World War, 1914-1918--Hospitals
  • World War, 1939-1945--Hospitals

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Collection Inventory

1.  Historical Material. 3 boxes (1 - 2a).

Series Scope and Contents

The twenty eight files included in this section contain both primary documents from the early years of the AWH, such as the Constitution and annual reports, and later summaries of the history of the organization. The history of the AWH written by Dr. Bertha Van Hoosen, president of MWNA at the time of AWH's founding, is of particular interest. Also of note is the biographical sketch of Dr. Rosalie Slaughter Morton that appeared in the 1936-37 edition of Who's Who in America and initiated a debate over whether the AWH was founded by an individual, Dr. Morton, or by MWNA collectively. The artifacts of this debate are contained in files 1 through 4 of Box 1. Later files contain reports and articles on AWH activities at home and abroad from 1917 to 1947, including detailed accounts of work in France, Britain, China, Holland, Finland, and Italy. AWH reports to the annual meeting of MWNA from 1950 to 1960 are included in Box 2, File 11, thereby completing the historical materials up to the date of AWH's severance from MWNA. Other items include sample AWH contracts with physicians from World War I, biographical data on several AWH physicians, and various testimonials and honors bestowed on the AWH and its members.

1.  Box 1.
Box Folder

American women's hospitals, historical materials, [1917-1937].

1 1

American women's hospitals, historical materials, [1917-1937].

1 2

American women's hospitals, historical materials, [1917-1937].

1 3

American women's hospitals, historical materials, [1917-1937].

1 4

American women's hospitals, reports of Dr. Mary N. Crawford, [1917-1919].

1 5

American women's hospitals, articles and reports, [1917-1947].

1 6

American women's hospitals, articles and reports to the "Journal of the American Medical Women's Association", undated.

1 7

American women's hospitals, articles and reports to the "Journal of the American Medical Women's Association", undated.

1 8
Box 2.  2.
Box Folder

American Women's Hospitals Honorary Committees [Correspondence], 1927-1976.

2 9

American Women's Hospitals Personnel Miscellaneous, undated.

2 10

American Women's Hospitals Reports to the American Medical Women's Association (1 of 2), undated.

2 11

American Women's Hospitals Reports to the American Medical Women's Association (2 of 2), undated.

2 11a

American Medical Association [Correspondence], 1968-1975.

2 12

Medical Women's International Association [Correspondence], 1956-1962.

2 13

Medical Women's National Association War Service Committee [Correspondence and Constitution], 1917-1922.

2 14

Decorations Awarded to Members, undated.

2 15

Testimonials, 1927-1966.

2 16
Box 2a.  2a.
Box Folder

American Women's Hospitals Incorporation papers, 1975.

2a 16a

American Women's Hospitals Agreement, 1952-1962.

2a 16b

American Women's Hospitals Proposed Constitution and Bylaws Drafts, undated.

2a 16c

American Women's Hospitals Constitution and Bylaws General Correspondence, undated.

2a 16

American Women's Hospitals Constitution and Bylaws Individual Correspondence, undated.

2a 16e

American Women's Hospitals Constitution and Bylaws Meeting Records, undated.

2a 16

American Women's Hospitals Constitution and Bylaws Reports, 1953-1962.

2a 16g

American Women's Hospitals Constitution and Bylaws Printed Materials (1 of 2), undated.

2a 16h

American Women's Hospitals Constitution and Bylaws Printed Materials (2 of 2), undated.

2a 16i

American Women's Hospitals Certificate of Election of Officers, 1972.

2a 16j

American Women's Hospitals Congratulatory Letters, 1967.

2a 16k

American Medical Education Foundation Proposed Constitution and Bylaws, undated.

2a 16l

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2.  Esther Pohl Lovejoy Materials. 3 boxes (2b - 3a).

Series Scope and Contents

Dr. Esther Pohl Lovejoy was president of AWH from 1919 to 1967. The materials in these 21 files are composed primarily of Dr. Lovejoy's reports on AWH efforts at home and abroad from 1920 to 1930 and materials related to the 1957 publication of Lovejoy's Women Doctors of the World. Speeches and radio talks from the same period focus on the history of the AWH, advances of women in medicine, the flight of refugees from Turkey to Greece, and the attendant AWH work in Greece in the 1920s. In addition, primary and printed materials on Lovejoy's life, including her work on behalf of women's suffrage in Oregon, and memorials and condolences upon Lovejoy's death, are also included.

2b.  Box 2b.
Box Folder

Lovejoy, Esther Pohl, Award, undated.

2b 17

Lovejoy, Esther Pohl, Miscellaneous, undated.

2b 18

Lovejoy, Esther Pohl, Posthumous Papers and Biographical Information, undated.

2b 19
3.  Box 3.
Box Folder

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Reports, 1920.

3 20

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Reports, 1921.

3 21

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Reports, 1922-1923.

3 22

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Reports, 1923-1925.

3 23

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Reports, 1926-1930.

3 24

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Talks, 1922-1928.

3 25

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Talks, 1923.

3 26

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Women Doctors of the World (1 of 2), undated.

3 27

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Women Doctors of the World (2 of 2), undated.

3 28
3a.  Box 3a.
Box Folder

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Estate Papers, undated.

3a 28a

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Physicians to the World, 1971-1978.

3a 28b

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Women Doctors of the World (1 of 3), undated.

3a 28c

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Women Doctors of the World (2 of 3), undated.

3a 28

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Women Doctors of the World (3 of 3), undated.

3a 28e

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Award (1 of 3), undated.

3a 28

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Award (2 of 3), undated.

3a 28g

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Award (3 of 3), undated.

3a 28h

Lovejoy Esther Pohl Miscellaneous, undated.

3a 28i

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3.  Project Files. 20 boxes (4 - 17e supplimental).

Series Scope and Contents

The locations and dates of the various AWH projects documented in this collection are listed by box and folder number below. Each project file is organized chronologically and generally includes material on medical services, personnel, and relations with assisting agencies, associations, or governments. Some also contain financial information and correspondence from the main office of AWH in New York City; the latter generally requests reports and photographs to be used in fundraising programs. Those projects which embrace separate folders for individual physicians or nurse-directors are generally the most thorough in their coverage of medical, administrative, and financial affairs. The files of individual physicians also reveal the emotional stress on and support networks among women physicians serving in relatively isolated regions of the Near East and Latin America. The most complete files are those on France from 1917-1921 (6 in.); the flight of refugees from Turkey to Greece, the resulting Macronissi Island quarantine, and the Greek Polyclinic and School of Nursing (1 ft. 2 in.); Russia and Serbia in the interwar years (8 in.); the British Emergency Medical Service and the bombing of Britain during World War II (5 in.); and the multipurpose clinic in Bolivia in the postwar period (6 in.).

4.  Box 4.
Box Folder

Africa (1 of 4), 1930-1967.

4 29

Africa (2 of 4), 1965-1971.

4 30

Africa Togo (West Africa) (3 of 4), 1962-1962.

4 31

Africa Senegal (Mrs. Mercer Cook) (4 of 4), 1960-1965.

4 32

Albania (Kavaja) (1 of 2), 1919-1928.

4 33

Albania (Kavaja) (2 of 2), 1919-1928.

4 34

American Red Cross, undated.

4 35

American Women's Hospitals, 1944-1949.

4 36
5.  Box 5.
Box Folder

Armenia, Dr. Mabel E. Elliott, 1919-1922.

5 37

Austria -Hungary, 1948-1969.

5 38

Australia, 1938-1947.

5 39

Bolivia, Dr. Ruth Tichauer (1 of 6), 1958-1964.

5 40

Bolivia, Dr. Ruth Tichauer (2 of 6), 1963-1966.

5 41

Bolivia, Dr. Ruth Tichauer (3 of 6), 1966-1968.

5 42
6.  Box 6.
Box Folder

Bolivia, Dr. Ruth Tichauer (4 of 6), 1967-1970.

6 43

Bolivia, Dr. Ruth Tichauer (5 of 6), 1971-1973.

6 44

Bolivia, Dr.Luz Donoso de Carrasco (6 of 6), 1961-1968.

6 45

British -American Medical Work, Newsclippings (1 of 6), 1939-1943.

6 46

British Emergency Medical Service (2 of 6), 1941-1958.

6 47

British Emergency Medical Work, Newsclippings (3 of 6), 1941-1943.

6 48

British Emergency Medical Service, Miss Mabel Rew (4 of 6), [1924-1954].

6 49
7.  Box 7.
Box Folder

British Emergency Medical Service, Miss Mabel Rew (5 of 6), [1940-1941].

7 50

British Emergency Medical Service, Miss Mabel Rew, (6 of 6), [1942-1943].

7 51

Canada, 1949-1951.

7 52

Chile, 1962-1973.

7 53

China (1 of 3), 1936-1941.

7 54

China (2 of 3), [1937-1945].

7 55

China (3 of 3), [1946-1951].

7 56
8.  Box 8.
Box Folder

Finland, 1937-1951.

8 57

France (1 of 12), 1917-1924.

8 58

France, Hospital #1 (2 of 12), [1918-1919].

8 59

France, Hospital #1 (3 of 12), [1918-1919].

8 60

France, Hospital #1 (4 of 12), [1918-1920].

8 61

France, La Residence Sociale, Dispensaire de Levallois (5 of 12), 1922-1929.

8 62

France, La Residence Sociale (6 of 12), 1930-1940.

8 63

France, La Residence Sociale (7 of 12), 1940-1968.

8 64

France, La Residence Sociale (8 of 12), 1940-1968.

8 65
9.  Box 9.
Box Folder

France Comitd Feminin dd Service Medical Dr. G. Montreiul -Straus (9 of 12), [1944 -1958].

9 66

France Comitd Feminin dd Service Medical Dr. G. Montreiul -Straus (10 of 12), [1959 -1968].

9 67
France(11 of 12), [1939 -1947].
Scope and Contents note

Years indicate actual date span of material and differ from the years indicated on the original folder.

9 68

France (12 of 12), [1948 -1950].

9 69

Greece (1 of 28), [1924 -1946].

9 70

Greece (2 of 28), [1929 -1935].

9 71

Greece (3 of 28), [1919 -1939].

9 72

Greece Dr. Ruth A. Parmelee (4 of 28), 1919-1953.

9 73

Greece (5 of 28), 1922-1929.

9 74

Greece (6 of 28), 1923-1937.

9 75
10.  Box 10.
Box Folder

Greece, AWH School of Nursing (7 of 28), [1923 -1931].

10 76

Greece, AWH School of Nursing (8 of 28), [1928 -1939].

10 77

Greece, Dr. Elfie Graff (AWH Director) (9 of 28), 1924-1928.

10 78

Greece, Dr. Elfie Graff (AWH Director) (10 of 28), 1922-1928.

10 79

Greece (Xanthi), Miss Emily Petty (11 of 28), 1922-1930.

10 80

Greece, Dr. Mabel Elliott (AWH Director) (12 of 28), 1922-1923.

10 81

Greece, Dr. Mabel Elliott (AWH Director) (13 of 28), 1922/1923.

10 82

Greece (Macronissi Island), Dr. Olga Stastny (14 of 28), 1923.

10 83

Greece, Mabel C. Phillips (Treasurer, AWH) (15 of 28), 1925-1927.

10 84

Greece, Mabel H. Powers (Teaching Nurse) (16 of 28), 1927-1929.

10 85

Greece, Dr. Lilla Ridout and Dr. Jand Robbins (AW? Directors) (17 of 28), 1919-1928.

10 86

Greece, Western Macedonia (18 of 28), 1923-1927.

10 87

Greece, Dr. Sarah Foulks (AWH Director) (19 of 28), 1923-1927.

10 88
11.  Box 11.
Box Folder

Greece, Dr. Sarah Foulks (AWH Director) (20 of 28), [1923 -1924].

11 89

Greece, Dr. Sarah Foulks (AWH Director) (21 of 28), [1924 -1925].

11 90

Greece (22 of 28), 1931 -1972.

11 91

Greece (Nikae, Piraeus Polyclinic) (23 of 28), 1967-1977.

11 92

[Greece], Ray, Miss Margaret M., Los Angeles -Kokkinia Exchange program (24 of 28), 1946-1977.

11 93

Greece, Financial and Medical Records (25 of 28), 1974-1976.

11 94

Greece, Special, [Blank Stationery] (26 of 28), undated.

11 95

Greece, Testimonials (27 of 28), 1961-1968.

11 96

Greece, Unveiling of Dr. Lovejoy Bust, [Reprints and Correspondence] (28 of 28), 1969.

11 97
12.  Box 12.
Box Folder

Haiti (1 of 3), 1958-1970.

12 98

Haiti, Volunteer Service (2 of 3), 1969-1972.

12 99

Haiti, Baptist Mission (3 of 3), 1947-1958.

12 100

India, Dr. Marian B.Hall (1 of 4), 1956-1973.

12 101

India, Dr. J. A. Thompson Wells (2 of 4), 1956-1970.

12 102

India, Division of World Missions, Financial Reports (3 of 4), 1956-1969.

12 103
13.  Box 13.
Box Folder

India, Luchiana (Punjab) (4 of 4), 1945-1963.

13 104

Japan (1 of 2), 1923-1950.

13 105

Japan (2 of 2), 1951-1960.

13 106

Korea, Severance Medical School (1 of 5), 1953-1964.

13 107

Korea, Dr. Florence Murray (2 of 5), 1953-1961.

13 108

[Korea], Dr. Rosetta Sherwood Hall (3 of 5), 1928-1950.

13 109

Korea, Women's Medical College (Seoul) (4 of 5), 1954-1960.

13 110

Korea, Dr. Dorothea Cynn (5 of 5), 1950-1960.

13 111
14.  Box 14.
Box Folder

Near East (1 of 4), [1919 -1922].

14 112

Near East (2 of 4), [1921 -1930].

14 113

Near East (3 of 4), [1923 -1956].

14 114

Near East Relief Association (4 of 4), 1922-1936.

14 115

Philippines (1 of 6), 1949-1955.

14 116

Philippines, Dr. Fe del Mundo (2 of 6), 1952-1972.

14 117

Philippines, Dr. Fe del Mundo (3 of 6), 1956-1958.

14 118

Philippines, Dr. Fe del Mundo (4 of 6), 1960-1973.

14 119

Philippines (5 of 6), 1954-1972.

14 120

Philippines, Special (6 of 6), 1954-1970.

14 121
15.  Box 15.
Box Folder

Russia (1 of 3), [1921 -1923].

15 122

Russia (2 of 3), [1923 -1925].

15 123

Russia (3 of 3), [1925 -1947].

15 124
Serbia (1 of 7), [1918 -1921].
Scope and Contents note

Years indicate actual date span of material and differ from the years indicated on the original folder.

15 125
Serbia (2 of 7), [1918 -1931].
Scope and Contents note

Years indicate actual date span of material and differ from the years indicated on the original folder.

15 126

Serbia (3 of 7), [1919 -1929].

15 127

Serbia, Dr. Etta Gray (4 of 7), 1920.

15 128

Serbia, Dr. Etta Gray (5 of 7), [1920 -1922].

15 129
16.  Box 16.
Box Folder

Serbia, Dr. Etta Gray (6 of 7), [1921 -1924].

16 130

[Serbia], Dr. Etta Gray (7 of 7), 1930/1962.

16 131

United States, Kentucky (1 of 8), 1927-1956.

16 132

United States, Kentucky (2 of 8), 1967-1977.

16 133

United States, Kentucky (3 of 8), 1968-1978.

16 134

United States, The South (4 of 8), 1926-1961.

16 135

United States, South Carolina, AWH Maternity Shelter (5 of 8), 1929-1967.

16 136

United States, Spartansburg, South Carolina (6 of 8), 1931-1938.

16 137
17.  Box 17.
Box Folder

United States, The South, New Projects (7 of 8), [1958 -1962].

17 138

United States, The South, New Projects (8 of 8), [1962 -1968].

17 139
17a.  Box 17a.
Box Folder

Bolivia (1 of 3), [1973 -1975].

17a 139a

Bolivia (2 of 3), [1976 -1977].

17a 139b

Bolivia (3 of 3), 1978.

17a 139c

China, Taiwan -Formosa (1 of 3), [1953 -1965].

17a 139

China, Taiwan -Formosa (2 of 3), [1966 -1968].

17a 139e

China, Taiwan -Formosa (3 of 3), [1968 -1970].

17a 139
Haiti (1 of 4), [1966 -1978]*.
Scope and Contents note

Years indicate actual date span of material and differ from the years indicated on the original folder.

17a 139g

Haiti (2 of 4), [1970 -1971].

17a 139h

Haiti (3 of 4), [1972 -1973].

17a 139i

Haiti (4 of 4), [1974 -1976].

17a 139j
17b.  Box 17b.
Box Folder

India, 1970-1980.

17b 139k
India, Calcutta(1 of 3), [1968 -1973].
Scope and Contents note

Years indicate actual date span of material and differ from the years indicated on the original folder.

17b 139l

India, Calcutta (2 of 3), [1975 -1976].

17b 139m

India, Calcutta (3 of 3), [1974 -1978].

17b 139n

Korea, Presbyterian Hospital, Taega (1 of 3), [1953 -1961].

17b 139o
Korea, Presbyterian Hospital, Taega (2 of 3), [1961 -1965].
Scope and Contents note

Years indicate actual date span of material and differ from the years indicated on the original folder.Years indicate actual date span of material and differ from the years indicated on the original folder.

17b 139p
Korea, Presbyterian Hospital, Taega (3 of 3), [1965 -1973].
Scope and Contents note

Years indicate actual date span of material and differ from the years indicated on the original folder.

17b 139q

Korea, Presbyterian Hospital, Board (1 of 2), [1955 -1963].

17b 139r

Korea, Presbyterian Hospital, Board (2 of 2), [1963 -1977].

17b 139s

Korea, Soo Do Medical College, Seoul (1 of 2), [1955 -1966].

17b 139t

Korea, Soo Do Medical College, Seoul (2 of 2), [1966 -1977].

17b 139u

Korea, Woo Sok University, Seoul, 1970.

17b 139v
17c.  Box 17c.
Box Folder

Philippines, 1964-1970.

17c 139w

Philippines (1 of 3), [1958 -1965].

17c 139x

Philippines (2 of 3), [1965 -1969].

17c 139y

Philippines(3 of 3), [1968 -1978].

17c 139z

Philippines (1 of 4), [1967 -1968].

17c 139aa

Philippines (2 of 4), 1970.

17c 139bb

Philippines (3 of 4), [1970 -1971].

17c 139cc

Philippines (4 of 4), [1968 -1970].

17c 139dd
17d.  Box 17d.
Box Folder

United States, Arizona, South Phoenix Community, Medical Center (1 of 5), [1970 -1971].

17 139ee

United States,?Arizona, South Phoenix Community, Medical Center (2 of 5), [1971 -1973].

17 139ff

United States, Arizona, South Phoenix Community, Medical Center (3 of 5), [1974 -1976].

17 139gg

United States, Arizona, South Phoenix Community, Medical Center (4 of 5), [1977 -1978].

17 139hh

United States, Arizona, South Phoenix Community, Medical Center (5 of 5), [1979 -1981].

17 139ii

United States, Arizona, Tuscon, Traditional Indian Alliance of Great Tuscon (1 of 5), [1966 -1969].

17 139jj

United States, Arizona, Tuscon, Traditional Indian Alliance of Great Tuscon (2 of 5), [1970 -1972].

17 139kk

United States, Arizona, Tuscon, Traditional Indian Alliance of Great Tuscon (3 of 5), [1973 -1974].

17 139ll

United States, Arizona, Tuscon, Traditional Indian Alliance of Great Tuscon (4 of 5), [1975 -1976].

17 139mm

United States, Arizona, Tuscon, Traditional Indian Alliance of Great Tuscon (5 of 5), 1976-1978.

17 139nn

United States, Arizona (1 of 2), [1975 -1978].

17e 139oo
17e.  Box 17e.
Box Folder

United States, Arizona (2 of 2), [1978 -1980].

17e 139pp
United States, Kentucky, Lend -A -Hand Clinic (1 of 3), [1964 -1968].
Scope and Contents note

Years indicate actual date span of material and differ from the years indicated on the original folder.

17e 139qq

United States, Kentucky, Lend -A -Hand Clinic (2 of 3), [1969 -1973].

17e 139rr

United States, Kentucky, Lend -A -Hand Clinic (3 of 3), [1974 -1978].

17e 139ss

United States, Kentucky, Lend -A -Hand Clinic (1 of 2), [1963 -1973].

17e 139tt

United States, Kentucky, Lend -A -Hand Clinic (2 of 2), undated.

17e 139uu

United States, Tennessee, Clairfield (1 of 5), [1968 -1969].

17e 139vv

United States, Tennessee, Clairfield (2 of 5), [1969 -1970].

17e 139ww

United States, Tennessee, Clairfield (3 of 5), [1971 -1973].

17e 139xx

United States, Tennessee, Clairfield (4 of 5), [1974 -1975].

17e 139yy

United States, Tennessee, Clairfield (5 of 5), [1976 -1978].

17e 139zz
17e (s).  Box 17e (s).
Box Folder

United States, Kentucky, [1948 -1982].

17eSupp 139zz.1

United States, Kentucky, Lend -A -Hand Clinic, [1979 -1981].

17eSupp 139zz.2

United States, Tennessee, Clairfield, [1973 -1982].

17eSupp 139zz.3

Haiti, [1979 -1981].

17eSupp 139zz.4

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4.  Miscellaneous Correspondence. 13 boxes (17f - 29).

Series Scope and Contents

Three groups of files are included in this section: alphabetical files, individual files, and projects and associations files. The alphabetical files consist of 2 separate alphabets; the first alphabet contains the files that came with the original shipment of records from the American Women's Hospitals office to the Archives in 1980; the second alphabet came with later shipments in 1982 and 1983. Individual correspondence contains letters primarily from AWH physicians and board members. Those files listed under projects and associations were so listed in the original AWH files and contain brief correspondence on a variety of small projects or correspondence from associations that cooperated in AWH-funded programs. The only extensive correspondence contained in these files are those focusing on the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania (now The Medical College of Pennsylvania) which contain information on the College and its various programs related to women physicians.

A.  Alphabetical listing.

17f.  Box 17f.
Box Folder

A Miscellaneous, undated.

17 140

B Miscellaneous, undated.

17 141

C Miscellaneous, undated.

17 142

D Miscellaneous, undated.

17 143

E Miscellaneous, undated.

17 144

F Miscellaneous, undated.

17 145

G Miscellaneous, undated.

17 146

H Miscellaneous, undated.

17 147

I Miscellaneous, undated.

17 148

J Miscellaneous, undated.

17 149

K Miscellaneous, undated.

17 150

L Miscellaneous, undated.

17 151

M Miscellaneous, undated.

17 152

N Miscellaneous, undated.

17 153

O Miscellaneous, undated.

17 154

P -Q Miscellaneous, undated.

17 155

R Miscellaneous, undated.

17 156

S Miscellaneous, undated.

17 157

T Miscellaneous, undated.

17 158

U Miscellaneous, undated.

17 159

V Miscellaneous, undated.

17 160

W Miscellaneous, undated.

17 161

X-Y-Z Miscellaneous, undated.

17 162
18.  Box 18.
Box Folder

B Miscellaneous, undated.

18 163

C Miscellaneous, undated.

18 164

D Miscellaneous, undated.

18 165

E Miscellaneous, undated.

18 166

F Miscellaneous, undated.

18 167

G Miscellaneous, undated.

18 168

H Miscellaneous, undated.

18 169

L Miscellaneous (1 of 2), undated.

18 170

L Miscellaneous (2 of 2), undated.

18 171

M Miscellaneous, undated.

18 172

N Miscellaneous, undated.

18 173

R Miscellaneous (1 of 2), undated.

18 174

R Miscellaneous (2 of 2), undated.

18 175

W Miscellaneous, undated.

18 176

B.  Individuals.

19.  Box 19.
Box Folder

Baird, David G., 1960-1975.

19 177

Baumgartner, Dr. Leona, 1959-1967.

19 178

Beer, Ethel S., 1973.

19 179

Bentley, Dr. Inez A., 1966-1973.

19 180

Brady, Dr. Anna M., 1973-1982.

19 181

Brakeley, Dr. Elizabeth, 1941-1945.

19 182

Brakeley, Dr. Elizabeth, 1946-1961.

19 183

Brakeley, Dr. Elizabeth, 1962-1973.

19 184

Brown, Dr. Edith Petrie, 1957-1961.

19 185

Brown, Dr. Edith Petrie, 1962-1980.

19 186

Buerk, Dr. Minerva S., 1967-1980.

19 187

Chenoweth, Dr. Alice D., 1968-1973.

19 188
20.  Box 20.
Box Folder

Dickens, Dr. Helen O., 1970-1974.

20 189

Edward, Dr. Mary Lee, 1940-1975.

20 190

Ethson, Martha Love, 1967-1973.

20 191

Fliegel, Dr. Hilda, 1967-1976.

20 192

Fraade, Estelle, 1966-1970.

20 193

Hoover, Herbert and Mrs. Herbert Hoover, 1923-1938.

20 194

Howe, Suzanne, 1972-1977.

20 195

Levin, Dr. Sylvia M., 1972-1973.

20 196

Loseke, Dr. Lucile, 1958-1977.

20 197

Lovejoy, Dr. Esther Pohl, 1952-1958.

20 198

Lovejoy, Dr. Esther Pohl, 1959-1967.

20 199

Lovejoy, Dr. Esther Pohl, 1968-1974.

20 200

Luten, Dr.Miriam, 1948-1963.

20 201

Mermod, Dr. Camile, 1958-1974.

20 202
21.  Box 21.
Box Folder

Milonas, John, 1962-1969.

21 203

Morani, Dr. Alma Dea, 1957-1959.

21 204

Morani, Dr. Alma Dea, 1960-1965.

21 205

Morani, Dr. Alma Dea (1 of 3), 1966.

21 206

Morani, Dr. Alma Dea (2 of 3), 1966.

21 207

Morani, Dr. Alma Dea (3 of 3), 1966.

21 208

Morani, Dr. Alma Dea, 1968.

21 209

Morani, Dr. Alma Dea, 1969-1970.

21 210

Morani, Dr. Alma Dea, 1971-1972.

21 211
22.  Box 22.
Box Folder

Morani, Dr. Alma Dea, 1973-1975.

22 212

Morani, Dr. Alma Dea, 1976-1977.

22 213

Morani, Dr. Alma Dea, 1978.

22 214

Morani, Dr. Alma Dea, 1979.

22 215

Morani, Dr. Alma Dea (1 of 2), 1980.

22 215a

Morani, Dr. Alma Dea (2 of 2), 1980-1981.

22 215b

Morton, Dr. Rosalie Slaughter, 1918-1937.

22 216

Newman, Dr. Grace T., 1952-1973.

22 217

Northrop, Harriett E., 1967-1976.

22 218

Parmelee, Dr. Ruth A., 1936-1953.

22 219

Parmelee, Dr. Ruth A., 1954-1970.

22 220

Post, Linda, 1980-1983.

22 220a

Raven, Lt. Col. (Dr. Clara), 1938-1954.

22 221
23.  Box 23.
Box Folder

Reid, Dr. Ada Chree, 1932-1959.

23 222

Reid, Dr. Ada Chree, 1960-1974.

23 223

Romaine, Dr. Adelaide, 1957-1970.

23 224

Ryder, Dr. Clair F., 1960-1961.

23 225

Sheriff, Dr. Hilla, 1938-1968.

23 226

Stimson, Dr. Barbara G., 1940-1966.

23 227

Taussig, Dr. Helen B., 1959-1969.

23 228

Taylor, Dr. Ann Gray, 1954-1969.

23 229

Tenbrinck, Dr. Margaret S., 1951-1967.

23 230

Tenbrinck, Dr. Margaret S., 1968-1972.

23 231

Tenbrinck, Dr. Margaret S., 1973-1978.

23 232

Tenbrinck, Dr. Margaret S., 1978-1981.

23 232a

Vaschak, Dr. Mathilda R., 1968-1981.

23 233
24.  Box 24.
Box Folder

Waugh, Dr. Elizabeth S., 1933-1972.

24 234

Waugh, Dr. Elizabeth, S., 1973-1977.

24 235

Wood, Dr. Margaret, 1974-1978.

24 236

Wright, Dr. Katharine W., 1955-1976.

24 237

C.  Projects and Associations.

25.  Box 25.
Box Folder

Armenia (Latin), 1953-1960.

25 238

Cleveland Women's Hospital, 1958-1964.

25 239

Contributions, 1972-1978.

25 240

Contributor Doctors, 1972-1978.

25 241

Foundations, 1961-1977.

25 242

Frontier Nursing Service, 1936-1969.

25 243

Greek doctors, 1945-1956.

25 244

Greek, Miscellaneous: overseas, 1944-1968.

25 245

Honorary Committee, 1948-1978.

25 246

International, 1945-1949.

25 247

International Association, 1970-1973.

25 248

Lincoln Memorial University, Cumberland Gap, Tennessee, 1931.

25 249

Macmillan Book Co., 1927.

25 250

Mary Thompson Hospital, Chicago, 1957-1964.

25 251
26.  Box 26.
Box Folder

Medical and Surgical Relief Committee, 1952-1953.

26 252

Memorial Beds, 1931-1960.

26 253

National Council of Women, 1967-1968.

26 254

National Information Bureau, 1948-1954.

26 255

National Woman Suffrage Association, 1918-1920.

26 256

Netherlands, 1945-1954.

26 257

New England Hospital, Boston, 1957-1958.

26 258

New York Infirmary, 1929-1967.

26 259

North Carolina, Dr. E. Gaine Cannon, 1964-1966.

26 260

North Carolina, Dr. E. Gaine Cannon, 1967-1972.

26 261

Norway, 1943-1951.

26 262
27.  Box 27.
Box Folder

Pan American Medical Women's Alliance, 1950-1968.

27 263

Pan American Medical Women's Association, 1958-1964.

27 264

Planned Parenthood, 1961-1979.

27 265

Planned Parenthood, Dr. Mary S. Calderone, 1959-1968.

27 266

Projects, 1948-1962.

27 267

Projects, 1964-1965.

27 268

Radcliffe College Women's Archives, 1948-1971.

27 269

Rembaugh, Bertha and Martha Peaks, Counselors, 1917-1946.

27 270

Reports, 1927-1969.

27 271

Roosevelt, Mrs. Eleanor, 1927-1928.

27 272

Schools and Colleges (1 of 2), 1960-1977.

27 273

Schools and Colleges (2 of 2), 1960-1977.

27 274
28.  Box 28.
Box Folder

Smith, Miss Elizabeth C., 1958-1977.

28 275

Soroptimist Clubs (1 of 2), 1959-1960.

28 276

Soroptimist Clubs (2 of 2), 1960-1978.

28 277

Thailand, 1950-1977.

28 278

UNESCO, 1948-1949.

28 279

Vietnam (1 of 2), 1965-1976.

28 280

Vietnam (2 of 2), 1975-1976.

28 281

Wallin Legacy, 1939-1981.

28 282

Wellesley College (1 of 2), 1937-1938.

28 283

Wellesley College (2 of 2), 1937-1938.

28 284
29.  Box 29.
Box Folder

Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania (1 of 6), 1935-1960.

29 285

Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania (2 of 6), 1935-1960.

29 286

Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania (3 of 6), 1950-1978.

29 287

Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania (4 of 6), 1950-1978.

29 288

Woman's Medical Collegd of Pennsylvania, American Women's Hospitals Fund (5 of 6), 1949-1975.

29 289

Woman's Medical Collegd of Pennsylvania, Library and Archives (6 of 6), 1943-1978.

29 290

Women's Clubs, 1942-1970.

29 291

Miscellaneous, [1977-1982].

29 291a

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5.  Minute Books. 3 boxes (30 - 32).

Series Scope and Contents

The ten volumes of minute books and two folders of additional minutes cover the period from June 9, 1917 to June 2, 1982. The first four volumes contain overlapping information, apparently embracing distinct executive meetings, special meetings, and general meetings. Volumes 5 to 10 are more formulaic in their style than the earlier volumes but also contain more systematic (generally paragraph-length) reports on AWH projects. The two folders contain loose copies of minutes, correspondence, and legal papers relating to the 1982 merger with AMWA. The volumes contain the names of individuals attending some of the most important meetings, names of women working for the AWH, women's associations and cooperative agencies offering support to the AWH, and membership lists of local and state AWH committees. Reports from the field are interspersed with summaries of administrative and fundraising activities in the United States. Some discussion of changes in policy and emphasis are included along with reasons for phasing out or initiating some projects. Overall, these minutes provide a continuous sense of AWH history that cannot be gained from the Project Files and a more detailed picture of events summarized in the Historical Materials Files.

30.  Box 30.
Box Folder

Minutes, Council and Executive Committee Meetings, 1917-1918.

30 292

Minutes, General and Executive Committee Meetings, 1917-1919.

30 293

Minutes, Executive Committee Meetings, 1917-1918.

30 294

Minutes, Executive Committee Meetings, 1918-1919.

30 295
31.  Box 31.
Box Folder
Minutes, Executive Board Meetings, 1919-1926.
Scope and Contents note

As of the meeting of September 22, 1919, the group became calling itself the Executive Board rather than the Executive Committee.

31 296

Minutes, Executive Board Meetings, 1927-1937.

31 297

Minutes, Executive Board Meetings, 1938-1948.

31 298

Minutes, Executive Board Meetings, 1948-1960.

31 299
32.  Box 32.
Box Folder
Minutes, Board of Directors, 1960-1975.
Scope and Contents note

In May, 1960, the American Women's Hospitals (War Service Committee of the American Medical Women's Association) incorporated and became the American Women's Hospitals Service, Inc., an independent corporation. May 25, 1960 was the first meeting of the leadership, now calling itself the Board of Directors.

32 300
Minutes, Board of Directors, 1975-1982.
Scope and Contents note

In 1982, the American Women's Hospitals Service, Inc. became part of the American Medical Women's Association once again. The records of this Committee from 1983 onward can be found in the Medical Women's Association records, Cornell University.

32 300a

Minutes, Board of Directors, 1976-1979.

32 301

Minutes, Board of Directors, 1980.

32 302

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6.  Financial Records. 14 boxes (32a - 41).

Series Scope and Contents

The bulk of these files comprises articles, brochures, and form letters produced by AWH for fundraising purposes between 1918 and 1982. Other files contain documentation related to establishing beds in the names of donors to the organization and the creation of a Life Membership category. Four folders contain bank books and deposit receipts for the organization from 1960-1980 and 5 folders contain correspondence and copies of wills related to legacies in which AWH is named as a beneficiary between 1959 and 1982. A day-to-day picture of the finances of the organization is available, if at all in these files, from the 5 volumes of receipts and disbursements covering the period of 1968-1982, and from the annual and semi-annual audits of the organization from 1918-1981.

32a.  Box 32a.
Box Folder

Records, Receipts, and Disbursements Books, 1968-1982.

32a 1
32b.  Box 32b.
Box Folder

Records, Receipts, and Disbursements Books, 1970-1982.

32b 2
32c.  Box 32c.
Box Folder

Records, Audits, 1918-1956.

32c 3
32d.  Box 32d.
Box Folder

Records, Audits, 1957-1981.

32 4
33.  Box 33.
Box Folder

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1919.

33 303

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1919.

33 304

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1920-1982.

33 305

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1922-1924.

33 306

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1925.

33 307

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1926.

33 308

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1927.

33 309

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1928.

33 310

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1929.

33 311

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1930.

33 312

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1931.

33 313

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1932.

33 314

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1933.

33 315

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1934.

33 316

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1935.

33 317
34.  Box 34.
Box Folder

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1936.

34 318

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1937.

34 319

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1938.

34 320

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1939.

34 321

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1940.

34 322

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1941.

34 323

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1942.

34 324
35.  Box 35.
Box Folder

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1943.

35 325

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1944.

35 326

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1945.

35 327

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1946.

35 328

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1947.

35 329

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1948.

35 330
36.  Box 36.
Box Folder

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1949.

36 331

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1950.

36 332

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1951.

36 333

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1952.

36 334

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1953.

36 335

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1954.

36 336

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1955.

36 337

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1956.

36 338
37.  Box 37.
Box Folder

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1957.

37 339

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1958.

37 340

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1959.

37 341

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1960.

37 342

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1961.

37 343

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1962.

37 344

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1963.

37 345
38.  Box 38.
Box Folder

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1964.

38 346

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1965.

38 347

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1966.

38 348

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1967.

38 349

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1968.

38 350

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1969.

38 351

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1970.

38 352
39.  Box 39.
Box Folder

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1971.

39 353

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1972.

39 354

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1973.

39 355

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1974.

39 356

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1975.

39 357

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1976.

39 358

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1977.

39 359

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1978.

39 360

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1979.

39 361

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1980.

39 362

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1981.

39 363

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., 1982.

39 364

Financial Records, Fundraising, Brochures, Letters, etc., undated.

39 365

Financial Records, Fundraising, Appeals Received (Books), 1975-1981.

39 365a
39a.  Box 39a.
Box Folder

Financial Records, Fundraising, Member File Cards, 1936-1981.

39a 1
40.  Box 40.
Box Folder

Financial Records, Scrapbook (Appeals), 1921/1934.

40 366

Financial Records, Life Membership Fund, undated.

40 367

Financial Records, Wards and Beds, 1932.

40 368

Financial Records, IRS Exemption Certificate, 1960.

40 369

Financial Records, Bills and Receipts (Miscellaneous).

40 369a

Financial Records, Banking, 1960-1969.

40 370

Financial Records, Banking, 1970-1979.

40 371

Financial Records, Banking, 1980.

40 372

Financial Records, Banking, undated.

40 373
41.  Box 41.
Box Folder

Financial Records, Legacies Unpaid and Contingent, 1959.

41 374

Financial Records, Legacies Unpaid and Contingent, 1960-1961.

41 375

Financial Records, Legacies Unpaid and Contingent, 1979.

41 376

Financial Records, Legacies Unpaid and Contingent, 1980.

41 377

Financial Records, Legacies Unpaid and Contingent, 1981-1982.

41 378

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7.  Published Materials. 3 boxes (42 - 44).

Series Scope and Contents

These files represent a miscellaneous collection of articles about AWH and individual women physicians, teachers' guides and annual reports for the Philippines Medical Women's Association, directories from other women's organizations, and a few brief histories of the AWH in manuscript form written over the years by various members of the organization.

42.  Box 42.
Box Folder

Books, Journals, Reprints Etheredge, Maude Lee, undated.

42 379

Books, Journals, Reprints Fraade, E., undated.

42 380

Books, Journals, Reprints Lovejoy, Esther An Historical Sketch., undated.

42 381

Books, Journals, Reprints Lovejoy, Esther Medical Service of the American Medical Women's Association, undated.

42 382

Books, Journals, Reprints Lovejoy, Esther Pohl, M.D., undated.

42 383

Books, Journals, Reprints International Directory of Women's Development Organization, undated.

42 384

Books, Journals, Reprints Medical Service of the American Medical Women's Association, undated.

42 385

Books, Journals, Reprints The Medical Women's International Association, undated.

42 386
43.  Box 43.
Box Folder

Books, Journals, Reprints Philippine Medical Women's Association Report, 1981.

43 387

Books, Journals, Reprints Philippine Medical Women's Association Teachers' Guide for the Family Welfare Course, undated.

43 388

Books, Journals, Reprints Life Magazine, undated.

43 389

Books, Journals, Reprints Look Magazine, undated.

43 390

Books, Journals, Reprints Philippine Medical Women's Association Report, 1975-1976.

43 391

Books, Journals, Reprints Philippine Medical Women's Association Report, 1976-1977.

43 392

Books, Journals, Reprints Philippine Medical Women's Association Report, 1977-1978.

43 393

Books, Journals, Reprints Philippine Medical Women's Association Report, 1980/1981.

43 394
44.  Box 44.
Box Folder

Books, Journals, Reprints Manuscripts, undated.

44 395

Books, Journals, Reprints Miscellaneous, undated.

44 396

Books, Journals, Reprints Removed Journals, undated.

44 397

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8.  Scrapbooks and Exhibition Materials. 1 Box (45).

Series Scope and Contents

The bulk of this section consists of scrapbooks containing newsclippings and photographs related to the activities of AWH at home and abroad, especially in the U.S., Greece, and France. Also included is a scrapbook of newspaper and journal reviews of Certain Samaritans, by Esther Pohl Lovejoy; a map illustrating AWH activities in Serbia; and loose photographs and text used in exhibitions on AWH activities.

45.  Box 45.
Box Folder

Scrapbook and Exhibition Materials, 1922-1931.

45 398

Scrapbook and Exhibition Materials, 1924-1931.

45 399

Scrapbook and Exhibition Materials, 1927.

45 400

Scrapbook and Exhibition Materials, 1931-1933.

45 401

Scrapbook and Exhibition Materials Binder (photos removed), undated.

45 402

Scrapbook and Exhibition Materials Map, undated.

45 403

Scrapbook and Exhibition Materials Photos France, undated.

45 404

Scrapbook and Exhibition Materials Photos France, Serbia, undated.

45 405

Scrapbook and Exhibition Materials Photos, undated.

45 406

Scrapbook and Exhibition Materials Writings and Sayings Lovejoy, undated.

45 407

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9.  Memorabilia and Artifacts. 3 boxes (46 - 48).

Series Scope and Contents

Framed and mounted awards belonging to Dr. Esther Pohl Lovejoy, a plaster mold of the AWH logo, postal meter slugs from the AWH office, and metal signature plates used by AWH in signing checks and appeal letters form the contents of these files. The signature plates constitute the bulk of this category. In addition, 3 files containing miscellaneous materials including a pictorial index to the images on copper photo plates.

46.  Box 46.
Box Folder

Memorabilia and Artifacts Awards Lovejoy, undated.

46 408

Memorabilia and Artifacts Meter Slugs, undated.

46 409

Memorabilia and Artifacts Plaster Molds American Women's Hospital Service Logo, undated.

46 410
47.  Box 47.
Box Folder

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Ahlem, Judith, undated.

47 411

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Bentley, Inez, undated.

47 412

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Brakeley, Elizabeth, undated.

47 413

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Brodie, Jessie, undated.

47 414

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Buerk, Minerva, undated.

47 415

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Chappell, A., undated.

47 416

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Edward, Mary Lee, undated.

47 417

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Kahler, Elizabeth, undated.

47 418

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Lovejoy, Esther Pohl, undated.

47 419

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Macfarlane, Catharine, undated.

47 420
48.  Box 48.
Box Folder

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Marting, Esther C., undated.

48 421

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Mermod, Camile, undated.

48 422

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Newman, Grace, undated.

48 423

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Noble, Nelle S., undated.

48 424

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Reid, Ada Chree, undated.

48 425

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Romaine, Adelaide, undated.

48 426

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Stenhouse, Evangeline E., undated.

48 427

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Stinson, Barbara B., undated.

48 428

Memorabilia and Artifacts Signature Snap on Plates Taylor, Ann, undated.

48 429

Miscellaneous Address Book, undated.

48 430

Miscellaneous Certificate, Scrolls, undated.

48 431

Miscellaneous Index to Clippings, undated.

48 432

Miscellaneous Notes, Papers, undated.

48 433

Miscellaneous Posters, undated.

48 434

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10.  Photographs. 15 boxes (49 - 63).

Series Scope and Contents

Fifteen boxes (approximately 6,000 photographic prints and copper plates) make up the photograph component of this collection. The photographs are international in scope and document AWH activities at home and abroad. Photographs taken in Greece and France are particularly well represented in the collection as are rural sections of the Blue Ridge Mountains, Kentucky, South Carolina, and Tennessee.

The majority of the non-United States photographs are of AWH members treating patients suffering from the result of war. Many photographs are taken "in the field" and in temporary facilities set up by AWH. The photographs from the rural southern United States are mainly of patient care provided by AWH members to poor families who otherwise would have had no care at all. Many of the photographs were used in AWH appeal brochures.

The photographs arrived from the AWH office arranged by names of the Project countries. Not all of the individual photographs are dated or identified in detail. There is not currently a box list of these photographs.

49.  Box 49.
Box Folder

Photos, undated.

49 1

Photos, undated.

49 2

Photos, undated.

49 3

Photos, undated.

49 4

Photos, undated.

49 5

Photos, undated.

49 6

Photos, undated.

49 7

Photos, undated.

49 8

Photos, undated.

49 9

Photos, undated.

49 10
50.  Box 50.
Box Folder

Photos, undated.

50 11

Photos, undated.

50 12

Photos, undated.

50 13

Photos, undated.

50 14

Photos, undated.

50 15

Photos, undated.

50 16

Photos, undated.

50 17

Photos, undated.

50 18

Photos, undated.

50 19

Photos, undated.

50 20
51.  Box 51.
Box Folder

Photos, undated.

51 21

Photos, undated.

51 22

Photos, undated.

51 23

Photos, undated.

51 24

Photos, undated.

51 25

Photos, undated.

51 26

Photos, undated.

51 27

Photos, undated.

51 28

Photos, undated.

51 29

Photos, undated.

51 30
52.  Box 52.
Box Folder

Photos, undated.

52 31

Photos, undated.

52 32

Photos, undated.

52 33

Photos, undated.

52 34

Photos, undated.

52 35

Photos, undated.

52 36

Photos, undated.

52 37

Photos, undated.

52 38

Photos, undated.

52 39

Photos, undated.

52 40
53.  Box 53.
Box Folder

Photos, undated.

53 41

Photos, undated.

53 42

Photos, undated.

53 43

Photos, undated.

53 44

Photos, undated.

53 45

Photos, undated.

53 46

Photos, undated.

53 47

Photos, undated.

53 48

Photos, undated.

53 49

Photos, undated.

53 50
54.  Box 54.
Box Folder

Photos, undated.

54 51

Photos, undated.

54 52

Photos, undated.

54 53

Photos, undated.

54 54

Photos, undated.

54 55

Photos, undated.

54 56

Photos, undated.

54 57

Photos, undated.

54 58

Photos, undated.

54 59

Photos, undated.

54 60
55.  Box 55.
Box Folder

Photos, undated.

55 61

Photos, undated.

55 62

Photos, undated.

55 63

Photos, undated.

55 64

Photos, undated.

55 65

Photos, undated.

55 66

Photos, undated.

55 67

Photos, undated.

55 68

Photos, undated.

55 69

Photos, undated.

55 70
56.  Box 56.
Box Folder

Photos, undated.

56 71

Photos, undated.

56 72

Photos, undated.

56 73

Photos, undated.

56 74

Photos, undated.

56 75

Photos, undated.

56 76

Photos, undated.

56 77

Photos, undated.

56 78

Photos, undated.

56 79

Photos, undated.

56 80
57.  Box 57.
Box Folder

Photos, undated.

57 81

Photos, undated.

57 82

Photos, undated.

57 83

Photos, undated.

57 84

Photos, undated.

57 85

Photos, undated.

57 86

Photos, undated.

57 87

Photos, undated.

57 88

Photos, undated.

57 89

Photos, undated.

57 90
58.  Box 58.
Box Folder

Photos, undated.

58 91

Photos, undated.

58 92

Photos, undated.

58 93

Photos, undated.

58 94

Photos, undated.

58 95

Photos, undated.

58 96

Photos, undated.

58 97

Photos, undated.

58 98

Photos, undated.

58 99

Photos, undated.

58 100
59.  Box 59.
Box Folder

Photos, undated.

59 101

Photos, undated.

59 102

Photos, undated.

59 103

Photos, undated.

59 104

Photos, undated.

59 105

Photos, undated.

59 106

Photos, undated.

59 107

Photos, undated.

59 108

Photos, undated.

59 109

Photos, undated.

59 110
60.  Box 60.
Box Folder

Photos, undated.

60 111

Photos, undated.

60 112

Photos, undated.

60 113

Photos, undated.

60 114

Photos, undated.

60 115

Photos, undated.

60 116

Photos, undated.

60 117

Photos, undated.

60 118

Photos, undated.

60 119

Photos, undated.

60 120
61.  Box 61.
Box Folder

Photos, undated.

61 121

Photos, undated.

61 122

Photos, undated.

61 123

Photos, undated.

61 124

Photos, undated.

61 125

Photos, undated.

61 126

Photos, undated.

61 127

Photos, undated.

61 128

Photos, undated.

61 129

Photos, undated.

61 130
62.  Box 62.
Box Folder

Photos, undated.

62 131

Photos, undated.

62 132

Photos, undated.

62 133

Photos, undated.

62 134

Photos, undated.

62 135

Photos, undated.

62 136

Photos, undated.

62 137

Photos, undated.

62 138

Photos, undated.

62 139

Photos, undated.

62 140
63.  Box 63.
Box Folder

Photos, undated.

63 141

Photos, undated.

63 142

Photos, undated.

63 143

Photos, undated.

63 144

Photos, undated.

63 145

Photos, undated.

63 146

Photos, undated.

63 147

Photos, undated.

63 148

Photos, undated.

63 149

Photos, undated.

63 150

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