Philadelphia Area Archives Research Portal (PAARP)

Navigation Aids

Philadelphia Area Archives Research Portal (PAARP)
Search Finding Aids
 

Main Content

Evaline Ness papers

CLRC.NESS

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Free Library of Philadelphia. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
Free Library of Philadelphia: Children's Literature Research Collection
Creator:
Ness, Evaline
Title:
Evaline Ness papers
Date [inclusive]:
circa 1964-1972
Call Number:
CLRC.NESS
Extent:
58 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
This collection consists of dummies, sketches, paste-ups, artwork, and color separations created by Evaline Ness as illustrations for the books Coll and His White Pig,  The Truthful Harp,  The Black Cauldron,  The Castle of Llyr,  Taran Wanderer,  The High King, and  Old Mother Hubbard and Her Dog.
Cite as:
[Description and date of item], [Box and folder number], Evaline Ness papers, 1964-1972, Free Library of Philadelphia, Children’s Literature Research Collection.
PDF Version:

Return to Top »

Biography/History

Evaline (Michelow) Ness was born April 24, 1911, in Union City, Ohio, and grew up in Pontiac, Michigan. She attended Ball State Teachers College (1931-1932) and the Chicago Art Institute (1933-1935) before quitting to become a fashion artist and model. In 1938, the famous Prohibition agent Eliot Ness became her second husband. During World War II, while he led the effort to stamp out venereal disease on army bases, she studied at the Corcoran Gallery of Art. She continued her successful career as an illustrator in New York after their divorce in 1946. She studied abroad at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Rome from 1951-1952, and in 1954 illustrated her first book for children, The Story of Ophelia by Mary Gibbons.  Josefina February (1963), the first book that Ness both wrote and illustrated, evolved from a series of her woodcuts on Haiti. Ness was praised by critics for her inventive illustrations and her ability to work in a wide variety of media. She won many awards as an author and illustrator for children, including a Caldecott Medal for  Sam, Bangs, and Moonshine in 1967. Ann Durell, the editor of  Sam, Bangs, and Moonshine, praised Ness’s mastery of diverse artistic methods: “Rather than imposing limitations, the techniques with which she is always experimenting open new dimensions. . . It is a rich and heady education in graphic arts to work with her on a book.” Coincidentally, Ann Durell was also Lloyd Alexander’s editor. It is perhaps this connection that led Ness to illustrate Alexander’s Prydain series, the artwork for which makes up the bulk of this collection. Ness’s designs for these books display her trademark inventiveness, using cut and torn paper, collage, paint, woodblock printing, colored pencil, pastel, and charcoal in vivid, striking compositions that convey the excitement and adventure in Alexander’s books. Ness continued to write and illustrate children’s books through the early 1980s. She died on August 12, 1986, in Kingston, New York.

Bibliography

Something About the Author, vol. 26, 49.

Something About the Author Autobiography Series, vol. 1.

Children's Literature Review, vol. 6.

"Evaline Ness," Wikipedia, accessed May 12, 2010, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evaline_Ness.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains dummies, sketches, paste-ups, preliminary and finished artwork, and color separations for eight books illustrated by Evaline Ness. The majority of the collection consists of illustrations and book jacket designs for Lloyd Alexander’s Prydain series: Coll and His White Pig,  The Truthful Harp,  The Book of Three,  The Black Cauldron,  The Castle of Llyr,  Taran Wanderer, and  The High King. There are also a small number of illustrations by Ness for  Old Mother Hubbard and Her Dog, written by Sarah Catherine Martin.

Arrangement note

This collection is arranged into series alphabetically by title: I. The Black Cauldron; II. The Book of Three; III. The Castle of Llyr; IV. Coll and His White Pig; V. The High King; VI. Old Mother Hubbard and Her Dog; VII. Taran Wanderer; VIII. The Truthful Harp. Within each series, materials are arranged in probable order of creation.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

Free Library of Philadelphia: Children's Literature Research Collection,  2010.09.2

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Adrienne Pruitt

Sponsor

The processing of this collection was made possible through generous funding from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, administered through the Council on Library and Information Resources’ “Cataloging Hidden Special Collections and Archives” Project.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open to researchers by appointment. Please contact the Curator for information on access.

Use Restrictions

The right of access to material does not imply the right of publication. Permission for reprinting, reproduction, or extensive quotation from the rare books, manuscripts, prints, or drawings must be obtained through written application, stating the use to be made of the material. The reader bears the responsibility for any possible infringement of copyright laws in the publication of such material. A reproduction fee will be charged if the material is to be reproduced in a commercial publication.

Some of the materials in this collection may be too fragile for use without the Curator’s supervision.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Evaline Ness, 1969-1974.

Return to Top »

Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Free Library of Philadelphia: Lloyd Alexander papers.

University of Minnesota: Evaline Ness papers,1954-1983, CLRC-60.

University of Southern Mississippi: Evaline Ness papers, 1965-1975, DG0731.

Return to Top »

Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Color separations
  • Drawings (visual works)
  • Dummies (printed matter)
  • Illustrations
  • Mechanicals (camera-ready copy)
  • Sketches
Personal Name(s)
  • Alexander, Lloyd
  • Martin, Sarah Catherine, 1768-1826
Subject(s)
  • Children's authors--20th century
  • Children's literature--20th century
  • Illustrated children's books--20th century
  • Illustration of books--20th century

Return to Top »

Collection Inventory

The Black Cauldron, 1965.

Box Folder
Preliminary art for book jacket, collage of cut paper, graphite, pen and ink, and watercolor.

Preliminary art for The Black Cauldron book jacket, circa 1965

[Digital Version]
1 1

Final art for illustration of map, graphite, pen and ink, and watercolor on tracing paper with acetate text overlay.

1 2

Lettering for book jacket on red acetate film.

1 3

Return to Top »

The Book of Three, 1964.

Box Folder
Preliminary art for book jacket, crayon, graphite, pen and ink, and watercolor on paper.

Preliminary art for The Book of Three book jacket , circa 1964

[Digital Version]
1 4

Sketch of map, pen and ink and colored pencils on paper with acetate text overlay.

1 5

Preliminary art for illustration of map, graphite, pen and ink, and watercolor on tracing paper.

1 6

Final art for illustration of map, collage of cut paper, graphite, pen and ink, and watercolor on tracing paper with tracing paper text overlay.

1 7

Return to Top »

The Castle of Llyr, 1966.

Box Folder
Preliminary art for book jacket, collage of cut paper, graphite, pastel, relief print, and watercolor.

Preliminary art for The Castle of Llyr book jacket , circa 1966

[Digital Version]
1 8

Sketch of map, colored pencils and pen and ink on paper.

1 9

Return to Top »

Coll and His White Pig, 1965.

Box
Dummy with text pasted in and collage illustrations, 32 pages.

Dummy with text pasted in and collage illustrations, 32 pages

[Digital Version]
2
Final art for book jacket, crayon, graphite, pen and ink, and watercolor on paper.

Final art for Coll and His White Pig book jacket , circa 1965

[Digital Version]
3
Final art for pages 2 and 3, collage of cut tracing paper, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on paper.

Final art for pages 2 and 3, collage of cut tracing paper, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on paper

[Digital Version]
7 1

Negative of final art for pages 2 and 3.

7 2
Final art for pages 8 and 9, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper.

Final art for pages 8 and 9, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper

[Digital Version]
7 3
Final art for pages 10 and 11, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper with text pasted in.

Final art for pages 10 and 11, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper with text pasted in

[Digital Version]
7 4
Final art for pages 12 and 13, crayon and paint on tracing paper mounted to paper.

Final art for pages 12 and 13, crayon and paint on tracing paper mounted to paper

[Digital Version]
7 5
Final art for pages 14 and 15, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper with text pasted in.

Final art for pages 14 and 15, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper with text pasted in

[Digital Version]
7 6
Final art for pages 16 and 17, crayon, graphite, and paint on tracing paper mounted to paper with text pasted in.

Final art for pages 16 and 17, crayon, graphite, and paint on tracing paper mounted to paper with text pasted in

[Digital Version]
7 7
Final art for pages 18 and 19, crayon, graphite, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper with text pasted in.

Final art for pages 18 and 19, crayon, graphite, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper with text pasted in

[Digital Version]
7 8
Final art for pages 20 and 21, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper with text pasted in.

Final art for pages 20 and 21, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper with text pasted in

[Digital Version]
7 9
Final art for pages 22 and 23, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper.

Final art for pages 22 and 23, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper

[Digital Version]
7 10
Final art for pages 26 and 27, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper.

Final art for pages 26 and 27, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper

[Digital Version]
7 11
Final art for pages 30 and 31, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper with text pasted in.

Final art for pages 30 and 31, crayon, graphite, paint, and pen and ink on tracing paper mounted to paper with text pasted in

[Digital Version]
7 12

Text overlays for pages 2-3, 10-11, 14-19, and 30-31.

7 13

Return to Top »

The High King, 1968.

Box Folder
Preliminary art for book jacket, pastels and pen and ink on tracing paper.

Preliminary art for The High King book jacket , circa 1968

[Digital Version]
1 10

Sketch of map, colored pencils and pen and ink on paper.

1 11

Final art for illustration of map, collage of cut paper, graphite, pen and ink, and watercolor on board with acetate text overlays.

1 12

Return to Top »

Old Mother Hubbard and Her Dog, 1972.

Box
Final art, paint, relief printing, and screentone illustrations with acetate text overlays, 6 sheets.

Final art, paint, relief printing, and screentone illustrations with acetate text overlays, 6 sheets

[Digital Version]
4

Return to Top »

Taran Wanderer, 1967.

Box Folder
Preliminary art for book jacket, collage of cut paper and pen and ink on tracing paper.

Preliminary art for Taran Wanderer book jacket , circa 1969

[Digital Version]
1 13

Sketch of map, colored pencils and pen and ink on paper.

1 14

Final art for illustration of map, collage of cut paper, pen and ink, and watercolor on board with acetate text overlays.

1 15

Return to Top »

The Truthful Harp, 1967.

Box
Dummy with text pasted in and collage illustrations, 32 pages.

Dummy with text pasted in and collage illustrations, 32 pages

[Digital Version]
5
Color separations with illustrations on paper pasted in, 46 sheets.

Color separations with illustrations on paper pasted in, 46 sheets

[Digital Version]
6

Return to Top »