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1st Canadian Regiment, Continental Army, Payrolls and Muster Rolls

C1537

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special CollectionsManuscripts DivisionOne Washington RoadPrinceton, New Jersey 08544 USA. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special CollectionsManuscripts DivisionOne Washington RoadPrinceton, New Jersey 08544 USA
Creator:
United States. Continental Army. Canadian Regiment, 1st.
Title:
1st Canadian Regiment, Continental Army, Payrolls and Muster Rolls
Date [bulk]:
1776-1780
Date [inclusive]:
1776-1854
Call Number:
C1537
Extent:
2 linear feet (1 box)
Location:
mss
Language:
English
Abstract:
Consists of forty-three payroll sheets and fifteen muster rolls, dating from 1776 to 1780, of the 1st Canadian Regiment, which supported colonial efforts during the American Revolution. Also included is a copy of Senate Bill S. 186 submitted to the 33rd Congress by the Committee on Revolutionary Claims in 1854.
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Having raised a local militia to assist with the initial American invasion of Quebec in September, 1775, the Second Continental Congress authorized Colonel James Livingston (1747-1832), an emigrant from New York, to raise a regiment to continue to support the colonies' efforts on the Canadian front. The 1st Canadian Regiment, one of a small number of Continental Army regiments that was the direct responsibility of Congress, received formal regimental designation by Richard Montgomery on November 20, 1775, with recognition by Congress following on January 8, 1776. Placed under the command of General Benedict Arnold, the regiment included a mix of Canadian, American, and foreign-born soldiers, including two of Livingston's brothers, Lieutenant Colonel Richard Livingston and Captain Abraham Livingston. The regiment saw action primarily in the Canadian theater and New York, participating in the failed American assault on Quebec and the Battle of Trois-Rivi?res, before fleeing with the Continental Army to Fort Ticonderoga, New York. In August 1777, it took part in the expedition to relieve Fort Stanwix, in September and October of that year participated in both Battles of Saratoga, and in 1778, the Battle of Rhode Island. For the remainder of the war, the regiment had garrison duty in New York. It was during this time when Colonel Livingston, in command of Verplanck's Point on the Hudson River, played a crucial role in exposing Benedict Arnold. The regiment was disbanded as part of a major reorganization on January 1, 1781, at King's Ferry, New York. Members that remained in service were assigned to the 2nd Canadian Regiment.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

Princeton University Library. Department of Rare Books and Special Collections. ,  2016

Sponsor

This collection was purchased through the Delafield Fund, which was created as a fitting memorial to General John Ross Delafield and the Delafield Family.

Revision Description

Run through PULFA 2.0 normalization routines. 2016-09-26T12:37:28.805-04:00

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[Digital Version]

Controlled Access Headings

Geographic Name(s)
  • Canada--History--1763-1791--Sources.
  • New York (N.Y.)--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Sources.
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Campaigns--Sources.
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Participation, Canadian--Sources.
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Regimental histories--Sources.
Personal Name(s)
  • Livingston, James, 1747-1832 -- Sources.
Subject(s)
  • American loyalists--Canada--Sources.
  • American history/Revolution

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Collection Inventory

Colonel James Livingston's Battalion Payrolls and Muster Rolls, 1776-1780. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Consists of 7 payrolls or pay abstracts, including those for the months of February, 1778, August and September, 1778, January, April, and May, 1779; and 2 muster rolls, including one dated June 21, 1776, and one for November and December, 1780; as well as a couple of fragments.

Captain John Baptist Allen's Company Payroll and Muster Rolls, 1778 June-September. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes 1 payroll of the "Late Capt. John Baptist Allens Company" for August and September, 1778; and 2 muster rolls, including one dated June 28, 1778.

Captain Augustin Loseaux's Company Payrolls and Muster Roll, 1777-1778. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes 3 payrolls for the months of March, October and November, and December, 1778 (the last payroll is for the "Late Capt Augustin Lascaux [sic] Company"); and 1 muster roll dated September 7, 1777.

Captain Timothy Hughes' Company Payrolls and Muster Roll, 1778. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes 3 payrolls for the months of April and May, June and July, and October and November, 1778 (the last is for the "Late Capt. Timothy Hughes Company"); and 1 muster roll.

Captain Peter Van Rensselaer's Company Payrolls and Muster Roll, 1777-1779. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes 3 payrolls for the months of June and July, and December 1778, and February and March, 1779; and 1 muster roll dated September 7, 1777.

Captain James Robichaux's Company Payrolls and Muster Roll, 1778-1780. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Consists of 6 payrolls, including those for February, 1778, the months of April, May, and July, 1779, and August, September, and October, 1780.

Captain Robert Wright's Company Payrolls and Muster Rolls, 1777-1779. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes 5 payrolls for March through July, 1778, and January and April, 1779; and 3 muster rolls, including one dated March, 1777.

Captain Abraham Livingston's Company Payrolls, 1778-1779. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes 4 payrolls for April through July, 1778, and January and July, 1779.

Captain John D. P. Ten Eyck's Company Payroll, 1780 October. 1 item.
Scope and Contents

Includes 1 payroll for the months of August, September, and October, 1780.

Captain Dirck Hansen's Company Payrolls and Muster Rolls, 1779. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes 2 payrolls for July and August, 1779; and 5 muster rolls, including ones dated September 14, 1777, December 19, 1777, and May 4, 1778.

4th Company Payrolls, 1779 January-May. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes 3 payrolls for January through March and May, 1779.

8th Company Payrolls, 1779 January-April. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes 2 payrolls for the months of January and April, 1779.

2nd Company Payrolls, 1779 June-July. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes 2 payrolls for June and July, 1779.

1st Company Payroll, 1779 October. 1 item.
Scope and Contents

Includes 1 payroll for October, 1779.

Senate Bill S. 186, 1854 February 6. 1 item.
Scope and Contents

Bill submitted to the 33rd Congress by the Committee on Revolutionary Claims.