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Albert Schatz, Ph.D papers

SPC.MSS.104

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Temple University Libraries Special Collections Research Center. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
Temple University Libraries Special Collections Research Center
Creator:
Schatz, Albert, 1920-2005
Title:
Albert Schatz, Ph.D papers
Date [inclusive]:
1930-2007
Call Number:
SPC.MSS.104
Extent:
14 boxes
Language:
English
Abstract:
Dr. Albert Schatz joined the staff of the Science Education Department at Temple University’s College of Education in 1969. Dr. Schatz was internationally known for his scientific research. His most important work, and the major subject of this collection, concerns the discovery of the first effective drug against tuberculosis – the drug streptomycin – during the years 1943 and 1944. His other research, which is also represented in this collection, explored a proteolysis-chelation theory of tooth decay and the potential dangers of water fluoridation.
Cite as:
[Description and date of item], [Box/folder number], SPC.MSS.104, Albert Schatz, Ph.D. papers, 1930-2007, Temple University Libraries Special Collections Research Center.
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Biography/History

Dr. Albert Schatz joined the staff of the Science Education Department at Temple University’s College of Education in 1969. He was responsible for developing courses, programs and research activities for people interested in the teaching of biology.

Dr. Schatz is internationally known for his scientific research, and in 1977, he was decorated by the Government of France for meritorious service to humanity. In a study which drew worldwide interest, he showed that fluoridation of drinking water in Chile markedly increased infant mortality and the death rate of the population in general.

His most important work, and the major subject of this collection, concerns the discovery of the first effective drug against tuberculosis – the drug streptomycin – during the years 1943 and 1944. Following Dr. Schatz’s discovery, there was a lengthy legal battle over rights and ownership of the drug, with the ultimate determination that Dr. Schatz was the “legal and scientific co-discoverer” of streptomycin, with Dr. Waksman.

In 1952, however, the Nobel Prize in Medicine for the discovery of streptomycin went to Dr. Waksman, to the exclusion of Dr. Schatz, and initiated another round of public debate.

Dr. Schatz’s other major areas of study were more controversial. One area was the potential dangers of water fluoridation; as part of this research he traveled to Chile and studied the relationship between infant mortality rates and water fluoridation. The other controversial area was a "proteolysis-chelation theory" of tooth decay.

Scope and Contents

This collection documents Dr. Schatz’s work in three distinct areas of study: streptomycin, chelation in soil formation, and water fluoridation. The collection is divided into three series: “Streptomycin discovery and controversy,” “The Role of Chelation in Soil Formation,” and “Fluoridation: Harmful Effects and Paradoxical Effects.” The first series, “Streptomycin discovery and controversy,” traces Dr. Shatz’s role in the discovery of streptomycin and the subsequent lawsuit over the rights to its ownership. Included are published news reports, court papers, and correspondence with other researchers who contributed to the discovery, including the head researcher, Dr. Selman A. Waksman. The records contain the letters drawn up by Dr. Schatz’s colleagues to the Nobel Prize Committee, a private letter from Dr. Schatz to King Gustav VI of Sweden and extensive news coverage of the relevant events. There is also a small unrelated group of articles on “Twerpwyck University” which show Dr. Schatz’s less serious side in his satires of the bureaucracy of academic life.

The second series, "The Role of Chelation in Soil Formation," contains information on his work on the role of chelation in soil formation. It was from this work that he formulated his opinion on a proteolysis-chelation theory of tooth decay. The bulk of this material is articles, many of which were written by Dr. Schatz, and newspaper clippings regarding his work and the topic in general.

The third series, "Fluoridation: Harmful Effects and a Paradoxical Effects," contains information on his research in water fluoridation. Most of this material is articles, many of which were written by Dr. Schatz, and newspaper clippings regarding his work and the topic of fluoridation in general.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

Temple University Libraries Special Collections Research Center,  2010.11.09

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Mrs. Albert Schatz

Sponsor

The creation of the electronic guide for this collection was made possible through generous funding from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, administered through the Council on Library and Information Resources’ “Cataloging Hidden Special Collections and Archives” Project. Finding aid entered into the Archivists' Toolkit by Garrett Boos.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Temple University Libraries Special Collections Research Center with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce the material.

Processing Information note

Inventory was compiled by Mrs. Albert Schatz in 2007.

The creation of the electronic guide for this collection was made possible through generous funding from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, administered through the Council on Library and Information Resources’ “Cataloging Hidden Special Collections and Archives” Project.

Finding aid entered into the Archivists' Toolkit by Garrett Boos.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Rutgers University.
  • Temple University.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Articles
  • Correspondence
  • Legal documents
  • Notebooks
Personal Name(s)
  • Schatz, Albert, 1920-2005
  • Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
Subject(s)
  • Antibiotics
  • Chelates
  • Drugs--Research
  • Microbiology
  • Nobel Prizes
  • Streptomycin
  • Water--Fluoridation

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Collection Inventory

Series I. Streptomycin discovery and controversy.

Box

Schatz, thesis for Ph.D., "Streptomycin, an antibiotic agent produced by Acteromycetes Griseus," Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1945 July.

1

Schatz, resume, undated, 1980s?.

1 1

Schatz, publications (bibliography, 21 pages), 1944-1976.

1 2

Schatz, books and articles for newspapers and magazines (1 page reelected list).

1 3

Schatz, honorary degrees, medals and awards, and honorary memberships (1 page list).

1 4

Schatz, assorted publications on exhibit at Cook College on the 175th Anniversary (1 page list), 2002 April 12-13.

1 5

Schatz, early years on his grandfather’s farm in Bozrah, Connecticut (variant type-script; autobiographical essay circa 1995), 1925.

1 6

"Living on A Farm in Connecticut Was a Tough, Rough Life Sylvia Kirschblum, Newtown, Connecticut," author unknown (similar story to Schatz’s early years on a farm).

1 7

Schtaz, article in the Passaic High School Newspaper – at age 16 (student essay – published, 2 pages), 1936 April 9.

1 8

Schatz, A. “My early years on a farm, and Joffe’s influence on me at Rutgers”.

1 9

Schatz, Rutgers undergraduate courses 38-42 (transcript, 1page).

1 10

Schatz, photograph, producing streptomycin in the basement Laboratory at Rutgers University for the first guinea pig test at the Mayo Clinic.

1 11

Schatz, graduate course work (transcript, 2 pages), 1942 June-1945 July.

1 12

Schatz, notebook summary, 1941 May-November.

1 13

Schatz, notebook summary, 1943 June 30-1944 March 15.

1 14

Waksman letters to Schatz (in Army) in receipt of 3 cultures Schatz sent him which had Antibiotic activity, 1942 November 11, February 1, 1943 April 15, 14.

1 15

Schatz experience in World War II (autobiographical essay; 2003; 2 pages), 1942 November-1943 June.

1 16

Schatz/Waksman regarding his study of the carrier rate of Meningococcal meningitis while he was in the army medical laboratory, 1943 March 31.

1 17

Waksman/Schatz about Schatz’s scientific work and job opportunities (Waksman’s correspondence to Schatz), 1942, 1946, 1947, 1948.

1 18

Letter from Department Secretary, Elizabeth Clark, to Mrs. Schatz, Albert Schatz’s mother, regarding Albert’s pneumonia, 1944 January.

1 19

Letter from Miss Hauce, Albert’s high school English teacher, 1945 August.

1 20

Starkey letters to Schatz (in Army), 1942 November 18, December 11, 1943 April 1.

1 21

"Strain Specificity and Production of Antibiotic Substances, Waksman," by Albert Schatz, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 29, 1943 February.

1 22

"Streptomycin, a Substance Exhibiting Antibiotic Activity Against Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria," by Schatz, Bugie and Waksman, Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, 1944.

1 23

"Effect of Streptomycin and Other Antibiotic Substances upon Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and Related Organisms," by Albert Schatz and S. Waksman, Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine (photographs taken by Julius Schatz, Albert’s father), 1944.

1 24

"Control of Gram – Negative Bacteria in Experimental Animals by Streptomycin," by Doris Jones, H.J. Metzger, Albert Schatz and S. Waksman, Science, 1944 August 4.

1 25

Photos, essays, and correspondence regarding streptomycin test tubes (original test tubes [now at the Smithsonian]). Albert sealed the large test tube with Griseous on October 19, 1943 to take home to his parents. He sealed the small test tube with streptomycin on February 1944 also to take to his parents, 1943.

1 26

"Isolation Antibiotic Substances from Soil Microorganism, with Special Reference to streptothicism and Streptomycin," by S. Waksman, E. Bugie, and Albert Schatz, Proceedings of the Staff Meetings of the Mayo Clinic, 1944 November 15.

1 27

"Strain Specificity and Production of Antibiotic Substances IV variations among Actimonycetes, with Special Reference to Actimomyces Griseus," by Albert Schatz and S. Waksman, National Academy of Science, 1945 May.

1 28

"Strain Specificity and Production of Antibiotic Substances. VI Strain Variation and Production of Streptothricin by Actinomyces Lavendulae," by S. Waksman and A. Schatz, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 1945 July.

1 29

"A Review…Streptomycin," by S. Waksman and A. Schatz, Journal of The American Pharmaceutical Association, Vol. VI, No. 11, 1945 November.

1 30

Streptomycin Patent Application, by S. Waksman and A. Schatz, 1945 January 31.

1 31

Merck to Waksman, cancels 1940 contract with Waksman, 1945 February 14.

1 32

Agreement between Waksman and Rutgers Research and Endowment Foundation: Waksman to receive 20% of net profit from streptomycin (Schatz didn’t know about this agreement until he sued in 1950), 1945 February 14.

1 33

Waksman gets all the credit for Streptomycin--Schatz is there in photo-op, but is not identified in photos, Liberty Magazine, 1945 June 30.

1 34

"Passaic Youth Discovers Drug That May Stamp Out Tuberculosis, The Herald News, Passaic, New Jersey, 1945 July 2.

1 35

"The Story of Streptomycin, Its Production and Chemistry," by S. Waksman and A. Schatz, The Journal of Commerce, 1946 April 18.

1 36

"Streptomycin – Early Ure-Free," Paterson Evening News, 1946 May 6.

1 37

"The History of Streptomycin," by A. Schatz, New York State Department of Public Health Laboratories, 1946.

1 38

"Schatz Attends Florey Luncheon," Passaic Herald News, 1946 September 18.

1 39

Letter from Sam Cohen to Schatz regarding Waksman (Sam was the janitor in the building where Waksman and his graduate students worked and he knew all the gossip), 1946 December 4.

1 40

Streptomycin articles – early, Waksman gets all the credit, 1945, 1946, 1948, 1949, 1950.

1 41

"Streptomycin, its Nature and Practical Application," by S. Waksman, Williams & Wilkins Company.

1 42

"Streptomycin Patent Assignment" (Original), by S. Waksman and A. Schatz, 1946 June 16.

1 43

"New Antibiotic Fights Tuberculosis and Typhoid," New York World-Telegram (Waksman is landed. Schatz is in the picture but there is no mention of him in the text), 1946 May 4.

1 44

Streptothricin Patents, J. Foster, B. Woodruff, and S. Waksman, 1947, 1948.

1 45

Streptomycin Patent, S. Waksman and A. Schatz, 1948 September 21.

1 46

Reprint Requests, 1945.

1 47

Waksman, Radio interview (no mention of Schatz), 1945.

1 48

Joffe letters to Schatz, 1946, 1950.

1 49

Letter from Department Secretary Elizabeth Clark to V. Schatz regarding Waksman's statement, 1947 September.

1 50

Canadian Patent Application, S. Waksman and A. Schatz, 1946 January 23.

1 51

"Black Death – Streptomycin Is A Cure," New York Journal American, 1947 June 19.

1 52

Letter from Don Johnson, 1947 February.

1 53

"Can Streptomycin Stamp Out Tuberculosis?" Women’s Home Companion, 1947 June.

1 54

Rutgers press release regarding play, “Winner Takes Life,” in which S. Waksman discovers Streptomycin, 1948 April.

1 55

Letter from Monti Reynolds to Schatz regarding Grisein, 1949 March 15.

1 56

Letter from Waksman to Schatz, $500 check, 1948 August 30.

1 57

Letter from Waksman to Schatz, 1948 October 4.

1 58

Letter from Waksman to Schatz, $500 check, 1948 November 16.

1 59

Letter from Waksman to Schatz, returning $500 check, 1948 November 16.

1 60

Letter from Waksman to Schatz, sent check again, 1948 December 3.

1 61

Letter from Waksman to Schatz, $500 check, 1948 December 11.

1 62

Internal Revenue Service – Waksman gift of $1500, 1948.

1 63

Letter from Schatz to M. Bromberg regarding Waksman’s checks to him, 1949 June 2.

1 64

Schatz as graduate student was co-author of 17 papers on antibiotics (bibliography from “The Antibiotic Era,” 4 pages).

1 65

Conference on Streptomycin at Merck in Rahway, New Jersey (no mention of Schatz), 1945 June 20.

1 66

Letter from Helyar to Schatz, 1942 May 4.

1 67

"The Distribution of Soil Microorganisms Antagonistic to Fungi Pathogenic to Mau," by A. Schatz and E.L. Hazen, Mycologia, No.4, 461-477, 1948 July-August.

1 68

"The First Report of the Treatment of Tuberculosis with Combination Chemotherapy" (in Spanish), by Dr. Arturo Rodriquez, Medical Journal of Chile, 76:419-425, 1948.

1 69

"Some miscellaneous observations on overcoming inhibitory effects of chelating nutrients," by S.H. Hutner and A. Schatz, 49th General Meeting, Society American Bacteriologist. Page 33, 1949.

1 70

A. Schatz letter to Doris Jones (Ralston), describing his summer, the move to Albany and his plans for the future, 1946 July 24.

1 71

"Streptomycin-Induced Chlorophyll-less Races of Euglena Provasoli, L.," by S. Hutner and A. Schatz, Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, 279-282, 1948, 1969.

1 72

Photostats of the file wrapper and contents in the U.S. Patent Office in the matter of the Letters Patent for Improvement in Streptomycin and Processes of Preparation (number 2, 449, 866; granted September 21, 1948), 1953 May 27.

1A

Waksman’s acknowledgement of Schatz, used in the lawsuit, 1947 June 19.

2 1

Article about Schatz, Monterey Peninsula Herald, 1948 November 23.

2 2

Schatz letter to Waksman regarding $1500 gift and Waksman's insistence that Schatz pay income tax on it, 1949 March.

2 3

Letter from Waksman to Schatz, funds from streptomycin will be used for Microbiology Research Center, 1949 January 29.

2 4

Waksman requests Schatz sign patent assignments to foreign countries, 1948 November 26, 1943 December 3, 1949 January 12.

2 5

Letter from Schatz to Waksman, regarding long letters demanding answers to patent assignments etc., which the Rutgers Research (RREF) and Endowment Foundation didn’t answer, 1949 January 22.

2 6

Letter from Waksman to Schatz replies to Schatz’ long letter; trivializes Schatz’ work on streptomycin (he forwarded Schatz letter to Mr. R. Watson, attorney for the Rutgers Research and Endowment Fund (RREF)), 1949 January 28.

2 7

Schatz comments on Waksman’s letter in which he answers each of Waksman’s claims, 1949 February 2.

2 8

R.E. Watson, Rutgers Research & Endowment Foundation (RREF), to Schatz, reply to Schatz's letter, “The financial records of the Foundation are not open to inspection” and asks Schatz to sign patents in Canada, New Zealand and Argentina, 1949 February 8.

2 9

Waksman statement to trivialize Schatz (this is from the Waksman Archives at Rutgers), Schatz did not earn $75 a month--he earned $40 a month, the least of any graduate student, 1949 February 2.

2 10

Letters between Schatz and Watson about Canadian and New Zealand patent assignments, 1949 April-July.

2 11

Canadian Patent Assignment, not signed, 1949 March 21.

2 12

Dr. Corwin Henshar, National Tuberculosis Associated sent Schatz the book Streptomycin and Dihydrostreptomycin in Tuberculosis, 1949 August19.

2 13

Starkey letter to Mr. Cliff, Secretary of the John Scott Award, Waksman should get the credit for streptomycin as Schatz was just a graduate student, 1949 February 21.

2 14

"Waksman 'didn’t profit personally'” Time Magazine (newspaper not known February 22 and 23, 1946) (By 1950, Waksman had received $350,000.), 1949 November 7.

2 15

Letter from Schatz to Merck regarding Merck's streptomycin brochure which omits his name, 1949 February 29.

2 16

Schatz letters and replies regarding the significance of senior authorship, 1949 December.

2 17

Reynolds, Monty to Schatz (Reynolds and Schatz had been fellow graduate students at Rutgers), Letters regarding possible jobs, 1948, 1949, 1950.

2 18

Replies to Bromberg letters for information about Schatz and the discovery of Streptomycin (Bromberg was getting a source of the climate for a possible Schatz lawsuit), 1949 June–August.

2 19

Doris Jones letters to Schatz (now Doris Ralston), Doris was a staunch supporter of Albert Schatz because she had been a fellow graduate student and she gave him a Petri dish which had one of the 2 active strains of Streptomyces grieseus which Schatz isolated, 1947-1950.

2 20

Doris Jones letter to M. Bromberg, very supportive of Schatz, 1949 June 30.

2 21

Letter from Jones to Schatz, regarding isolation of the 2 active strains of Streptomyces griseus, 1949 February 17.

2 22

Letter from Jack Stokes to Schatz, a friendly letter from Pacific Grove., 1950 March 27.

2 23

Letter from Reynolds to Schatz, Reynolds accuses Schatz of red-baiting him (Schatz was very aware of red-baiting and would never have red-baited anyone, let alone Monty as they had been good friends), 1953 June 27.

2 24

Schatz notes about streptomycin patent rights, 1950 February 13.

2 25

Schatz filing of the lawsuit against Waksman, 1950 April.

2 26

Waksman’s request to postpone the deposition, 1950 March.

2 27

Bugie Affadavit, 1945-1948.

2 28

Civil Action Complaint, Schatz v. Waksman, 1950.

2 29

Schatz notes for his lawyer, 1950.

2 30

Schatz lawsuit, “Plaintiff’s Memorandum for Pre-trial conference”, 1950.

2 31

Notice to take deposition of Doris Jones, 1950 October 30.

2 32

"Patents and University Research," by A. Palmer, The Scientific Monthly, Vol. LXVI, No. 2, 1948 February.

2 33

Research and Patent Policies and Procedures for Sponsored Research, Rutgers University, The Research Council, 1950 July.

2 34

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, table of contents, 1950.

3 1

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, S.A. Waksman, pages 2-131.

3 2

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, A.S. Johnson, pages 132-155.

3 3

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, A. Dudley Watson, pages 155-173.

3 4

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, A. S. Johnson (II), pages 176-196.

3 5

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, A. Dudley Watson (II), pages 196-203.

3 6

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Clara H. Wark, pages 205-219.

3 7

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Beaudette, pages 220-237.

3 8

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Dorothy Randolph, pages 238-247.

3 9

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Aldridge B. Cooper, pages 247-258A.

3 10

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Boyd Woodruff, pages 260-297.

3 11

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, William H. Martin, pages 298-320.

3 12

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Robert Starkey, pages 320-344.

3 13

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Walton Geiger, pages 344-350.

3 14

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Viola Battista, pages 351-361.

3 15

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Walter C. Russell, pages 362-375.

3 16

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, John G. Woodruff, pages 377-386.

3 17

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Randolph T. Major, pages 386-392.

3 18

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Mau Tishler, pages 393-401.

3 19

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Reverdy Johnson, pages 402-412.

3 20

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Elizabeth Gregory, pages 413-419.

3 21

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Hilda Christine Reilly, pages 420-439.

3 22

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Doris Jones, pages 441-482.

3 23

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, William H. Cole, pages 484-494.

3 24

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, Elmer Charles Easton, pages 494-498.

3 24

Depositions from the Schatz-Waksman lawsuit, William H. Cole, pages 496-498.

3 25

Letters of support to Waksman regarding lawsuit, 1950 March.

3 26

Starkey to Reynolds regarding lawsuit, 1950 June.

3 27

Starkey letter to Dorcas Fasau regarding lawsuit, 1950 June 7.

3 28

Filing the streptomycin lawsuit, newspaper articles, 1950 March 10, 11, 12, 13.

3 29

Newspaper articles, when Waxman revealed his streptomycin Income of $350,000.

3 30

Waksman’s Royalties, Schatz income, September 1948 to August 1949, page 4, 1948-1949.

3 31

"Rutgers Is Too Smart For Its Own Good," Passaic Herald News, 1950 May 1.

3 32

Lawsuit settlement, 1950 December 29.

3 33

Eisenberg, Henry (Schatz’s lawyer), comments about the lawsuit, circa 1950 December.

3 34

Dr. Clothier, President of Rutgers University, issues statement about the Waksman-Schatz settlement, 1950 December 29.

3 35

American Association for the Advancement of Science, small article about the settlement, 1951 January 19.

3 36

McCarthyism at Rutgers during the litigation, early 1950s.

3 37

Streptomycin litigation, Schatz v. Waksman, Jerome C. Eisenberg, Esq. (after termination of the lawsuit), undated.

3 38

The Schatz v. Waksman lawsuit, 1950 (a digital version of some of it, including letters of support for Waksman), avoiding litigation over faculty patents, by T.E. Blackwell, College and University Business, Vol. 10, No. 3, page 42, 1951 March.

3 39

Martini, J.J., Letters sent to publishers regarding Schatz/streptomycin, 1946.

4 1

Correspondence between Bustinga (in Spain) and Schatz, 1947.

4 2

DuPoint-Radio Program, "Waksman takes Full Credit", 1948.

4 3

Perrone, P.P. Broomberg, “Schatz should be credited as co-discoverer”, 1949 June 30.

4 4

Merck (correspondence regarding Merck), 1950.

4 5

(Folder 6 no longer available. Deaccessioned and returned to donor) Nobel Prize Deliberations in English and Swedish, 1945-1952.

4 6

"Counterclaim for the Nobel Prize," Life, 1952 November 10.

4 7

Esquire cartoon, ? February.

4 8

Letter from Seymour Hutner to Schatz from the Haskins laboratory, very interesting comments about Waksman and why he took all the credit, 1949.

4 9

Statement by William H. Feldman refusing share in the streptomycin royalties, 1951 February 20.

4 10

Dr. Fuller (professor of botany) letter, regarding luminescent mosses, 1951 September 14, 1952 June 11.

4 11

Letter from K. Birkhaug regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952.

4 12

Letter from P.D. Hart regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952.

4 13

Letter from Heatley, New Jersey regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952.

4 14

Letter from F. Himmelweit regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952.

4 15

Letter from Bill Jacoby regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952.

4 16

Letter from E.J. Conway, E.J regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952.

4 17

Letter from J.H. Jukes regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952.

4 18

Letter from Merwin Lewis regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952.

4 19

Letter from H.E. Morton regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952.

4 20

Letter from Ken Savard to Schatz regarding experimental work and sympathy about the Nobel Prize, 1952.

4 21

Waksman’s Soil Microbiology, 1952 August.

4 22

Letter from A. Schatz to William Feldman, 1952 November 18.

4 23

Letter from William Feldman to A. Schatz, 1952 December 10.

4 24

Letter from William Feldman to A. Schatz, 1953 July 1.

4 25

Letter from William Feldman to A. Schatz, 1953 July 11.

4 26

Letter from William Feldman to A. Schatz, 1953 July 16.

4 27

Letter from A. Schatz to William Feldman, 1953 July 29.

4 28

Letter from William Feldman to A. Schatz, 1953 August 5.

4 29

Letter from William Feldman to A. Schatz, 1953 September 2.

4 30

Letter from Ruth Feldman to A. Schatz, 1975 September 15.

4 31

2 letters from Rom, 1953.

4 32

Patent Office, regarding Japanese patent, 1953.

4 33

Letter from Otto Loewi to A. Schatz regarding the Nobel Prize, 1953 April 13.

4 34

Miscellaneous letters, 1951, 1952, 1953.

4 35

Rutgers University Publications, "Waksman Gets All the Credit", 1948, 1951, 1952, 1953.

4 36

Professor Cesare Sibilia, Minister of Agriculture and Forests, Italy, 1953 October 5.

4 37

Rutgers Institute of Microbiology (now Waksman Institute), money from Streptomycin royalties, 1954 June 4.

4 38

Society of American Bacteriologists, "Waksman gets credit", 1954.

4 39

Beveridge, Dr. William, 1955.

4 40

"Early Dental Contribution to Antibiotics," by A. Schatz, Journal American Dental Association, Vol.53, 1956 October.

4 41

"20th Anniversary of Streptomycin," Passaic Herald News, 1964 June 20.

4 42

"Streptomycin: Great Boon, Sad Story," The Herald News, 1965 November 2.

4 43

“Outstanding Young man of the Year” award to Schatz by the Junior Chamber of Commerce of Fairlawn, New Jersey (article and correspondence), 1952 January.

5 1

Newspaper articles about Schatz's protest of the Nobel Prize awarded solely to Waksman, 1952 October.

5 2

Translation from Svenska Dagbladet, Stockholm daily paper, regarding the final decision of the Nobel Committee, 1952 October 31.

5 3

Letters from E. Reinthaler, vice-president of the National Agricultural College, to Professor Liljestrand, Secretary of the Nobel Committee for Medicine, protesting the award solely to Waksman, 1952 October 29, November 11, November 19.

5 4

Waksman’s “Comments” to Wallgren, denigrates Schatz and threatens his employment opportunities, 1952 November 11.

5 5

Bergstrand and Liljestrand replies to Reinthaler regarding the Nobel award solely to Waksman, 1952 November 14, 28.

5 6

Nobel Prize Address, by Waksman and Schatz’s analysis of speech.

5 7

Letter from Schatz to King of Sweden protesting the Nobel Prize solely to Waksman, 1952 December 6.

5 8

Letter from King of Sweden to Schatz, 1953 January 5.

5 9

“The Case for Dr. Schatz,” a summary of the correspondence between the National Agricultural College and the Nobel Institute, The Gleaner, 1953 January.

5 10

Nobel Prize in Physiology on Medicine, presentation speech by Professor Wallgren, 1952.

5 11

Letter from William Feldman to Kurt Stern, 1952 November 19.

5 12

Professor H. Morton, Professor U.S. non Euler, Letters regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952 November.

5 13

Letter from South Africa regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952 November.

5 14

Letter from Professor Woodbine regarding the Nobel Prize, 1953 January 21.

5 15

Letter from D. Todd regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952 November.

5 16

Letter from Kurt Stern regarding Nobel Prize, many letters, 1952 November.

5 17

Letter from France regarding Nobel Prize, 1952.

5 18

Letter from William Feldman to Schatz regarding credit for the Nobel Prize, 1952 November 12.

5 19

Professor Domagk's reply to Reinthaler, in German, 1952 December 30.

5 20

Society for General Microbiology regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952.

5 21

Letter from Germany regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952.

5 22

Letter from M.G. Sevag regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952 November 18.

5 23

Letter from J. Sobels regarding the Nobel Prize, 1953 January 9.

5 24

Letter from J. B. Sumner regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952 November 18.

5 25

Letters regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952.

5 26

V. Wuerthle, letter probably regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952 October.

5 27

Van Neil (Hopkins Marine Station), regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952.

5 28

J.B. Sumner, regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952 November 18.

5 29

Letter from Dr. S. Mudd to Nobel Committee, defending Waksman, 1952 November 11.

5 30

Letter from M. Stacey regarding the Nobel Prize, 1952 November 24.

5 31

Letter from American Chemical Society, 1952 November.

5 32

Zeuthen, Eric (Denmark), two very supportive letters and supportive newspaper articles, 195.

5 33

How I “Was Robbed of the Nobel Prize,” by Albert Schatz (written in 2002), 2002.

5 34

“The Story of Microbes,” by A. Schatz and S. Riedman, Newsweek (Waksman wanted to sue Schatz over statement on book cover), 1952 December 15.

5 35

Open Road Magazine, article about Schatz, 1953 February.

5 36

"Co-discover of streptomycin," letter to the Editor of the Anti-Defamation League Bulletin, 1953 June.

5 37

Schatz awarded one of Ten Outstanding Young Men of the Year Award by the Junior Chamber of Commerce, 1954 January.

5 38

"Streptomycin: Some Historical Aspects of Its Development as a Chemotherapeutic Agent in Tuberculosis," by William Feldman, The American Review of Tuberculosis, 1954 June.

5 39

Schatz “Honored in Rome for Streptomycin,” Passaic–Bergue SUNDAY NEWS, 1954 February 7.

5 40

Schatz at the National Agricultural College (NAC), newspaper articles (See Box 5A for papers on soil chelation and paradoxical effects), 1952-1957.

5 41

"Microbial Metabolism of Carbamates II Nitrification of Arethan by Streptomyces Nitrificans," by H. Eisenberg, A. Schatz, A. Angriest, V. Schatz and G. Trelowney,  Journal Of Bacterial, 1954 July.

5 42

"Speculations on the Ecology and Photosynthesis of the 'Copper Mosses,'" by A. Schatz, The Bryologist, Vol.58, 1955 June.

5 43

"A Bulla-like Endocardial Lesion in a Cow," by L. Leibovitz and A. Schatz, Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 1956 December 1.

5 44

"Microbial Degradation of Aorta Plaque Lipids, Lipoproteins and Related Substances," by A. Schatz, L. Adelson and C. Bailey, Journal of Applied Bacteriology, Vol.20, No.1, 1957 April.

5 45

"Some Biochemical and Physiological Considerations Regarding the Extinction of the Dinosaurs," by A. Schatz, Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science, p.26-36 Vol. XXXI, 1957.

5 46

"On Creating Interest in Science," by Albert Schatz, Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science, pages 90-96, Vol. XXXII, 1958.

5 47

Letter from W.I.B. Beveridge to J.J. Martin, 1955 April 14.

5 48

Letter from W. Wightman to J.J. Martin regarding the Nobel Prize, 1955 June 5.

5 49

"Ten Patents that shaped the World" (Streptomycin is one of them and Schatz is mentioned), The New York Times Magazine, 1968 September 17.

5 50

"On a Remarkable Dental Cement Formulated by American Indians 1500 Years Ago," by A. Schatz and J.J. Martin, The New York Journal of Dentistry, 31:154-156, 1961 May.

5 51

"Concerning Radiosotopes in Soils," by Albert Schatz, Compost Science, Winter, Vol., No.4, p.8, 1962.

5 52

"20th Anniversary of the Discovery of Streptomycin," The Herald News, Passaic, New Jersey, 1964 July 20.

5 53

Schatz honored by Chilean Medical Societies, 1964 November.

5 54

Habla el “Papa” de la Estreptomicinia (in Spanish), Ercilla, Santiago de Chile, 1964 December 2.

5 55

"Schatz Honored by Physicians in Chile," National Fluoridation News, 1964 March-April.

5 56

Antibiotics and Dentistry-Part 1: Some Personal Reflections on the Discovery of Streptomycin, Vol. XV, No. 4 (This is the first time Schatz was able to tell his role in the discovery of streptomycin), 1965 October.

5 57

"Algunas Reflexiones Personales Sobre Mi Descubrimiento de la Estreptomicina" (Some Personal Reflections on My Discovery of Streptomycin), by A. Schatz, Boletin de la Universidad de Chile, 1965 August-September.

5 58

"Schatz Receives Honorary Degree from the University of Chile," The Herald News and  Paterson News, 1966 January 20.

5 59

Albert Schatz named to Citizen Exchange Corps, Paterson News, 1968 August 23.

5 60

"Survival of 17 patients with inoperable cancer treated with 'minimal useful dose' of cytostatic agents and radiation," by Drs. A. Rodriquez, A. Schatz and 5 others, Revista Medica de Chile (Original Spanish version included), 1971 August.

5 61

Temple University press release regarding the Schatz’s visit to Cuba, 1972.

5 62

Schatz resigned his honorary membership (Miembro Academic) in the University of Chile on December 23, 1973, to protest the September 11, 1973 coup in Chile which killed President Salvador Allende, Articles in local papers about his protest, 1973 December 23.

5 63

Schatz Honored (Professor Honorario de la facultad de Ciencas de la Universid Antonoma de Santa Domingo) [See papers on the role of chelation in soil formation and see papers on paradoxical effects], 1966 September.

5 64

"Metabolism of Lipids and Lipid Derivatives by a Soil Actinomycets," by L. Adelson, A. Schatz and G. Trelawny, Journal of Bacteriology, Vol. 73, No.2, p.148-153, 1957 February.

5 65

"In Vitro Demyelination by Saprophytie Microflora," by A. Schatz and L.M. Adelson, reprinted from the First International Congress of Biological Sciences held in Brussels, Belgium, 1957 July 21-28.

5 66

"Effect of Drying on Volcainic Ash Soils in Chile," by E. Scholscha, C. Gonzaley, I. Vergara, G. Galindo and A. Schatz, Soil Scince Society of America Proceedings, Vol. 29, No.4, 1965 July-August.

5 67

Humans and Mother Earth: Even though Our Lives Depend on the Soil, Few Know How Soils Form and Become Fertile Schatz, V. and Schatz, A. (In Spanish) A talk given at an education conference in Washington, D.C, 1970 October.

5 68

Collier’s, 1945 August 18.

6

Holiday, 1951 April.

6

LIFE, Vol. 20, No. 5, 1946 February 4.

6

Look, Vol. 14, No. 3, 1950 January 3.

6

The Merck Review, Vol. 6, No. 11, 1945 November.

6

The New Jersey Journal of Pharmacy, 1956 June.

6

The Reader’s Digest, Vol. 53, No. 319, 1948 November.

6

Rutger’s Alumni Monthly, Vol. 25, No. 6, 1946 March.

6

The Saturday Evening Post, 1945 December 8.

6

The Saturday Evening Post, 1949 January 15.

6

Saturday Review, 1958 September 6.

6

Scope, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1947 January.

6

Squib Memoranda, Vol. 25, No. 4, 1946 December.

6

The Story of Streptomycin, 1946.

6

Streptomycin as an Adjunct Treatment of Tuberculosis, 1948 January.

6

This Week Magazine, (The New York Herald Tribune), 1953 August 23.

6

This Week Magazine, (The Sunday Bulletin, Philadelphia), 1953 August 30.

6

Thrilling Wonder Stories, Vol. 25, No. 3; Winter, 1945.

6

Tile and Till, Vol. 32, No. 2, 1946 March.

6

TIME, Vol. 54, No. 19, 1949 November 7.

6

What’s New, 1947 July–August.

6

Woman’s Home Companion, 1947 June.

6

Woman’s Home Companion, 1952 February.

6

Alumnae Bulletin (New Jersey College for Women), 1951 October.

7

American Druggist, Vol. 113, No. 6, 1946 June.

7

The American Magazine, Vol. 153, No. 3, 1952 March.

7

American Professional Pharmacist, Vol. 10, No. 9, 1944 September.

7

American Professional Pharmacist, Vol. 11, No. 3, 1945 March.

7

Antibiotic Agents…, 1944.

7

Argosy, Vol. 330, No. 4, 1950 April.

7

Business Week, 1950 March 25.

7

The Doctors Talk It Over (Radio Interview Broadcast) (2 copies), 1945 October 16.

7

The Glass Packer, 1945 November.

7

The Gleaner, 1953 January.

7

Liberty (2 copies), 1945 June 30.

7

The Merck Report, 1945 October.

7

The Merck Report, 1946 April.

7

The Merck Report, 1951 July.

7

The Merck Review, Vol. 6, No 11, 1945 November.

7

Modern Medicine, Vol. 24, No. 8, 1946 August.

7

New Jersey Agriculture, Vol. 27, No. 1, 1945 January–February.

7

The New Jersey Journal of Pharmacy, 1946 April.

7

New Modern Drugs, 1946 October.

7

The New Yorker, (2 copies), 1951 July 28.

7

Newsweek, Vol. 90, No. 25, 1952 December 15.

7

The Odyssey, 1951 January.

7

Open Road, 1953 February.

7

Physician’s Bulletin, 1946 May–June.

7

Physician’s Bulletin, 1947 March–April.

7

Quick (German Publication), 1959 April 11.

7

Reader’s Digest, Vol. 47, No. 283, 1945 November.

7

Reader’s Digest, Vol. 53, No. 319, 1948 November.

7

R.N, 1946 November.

7

Science Newsletter, 1945 February 10.

7

Science Newsletter, Vol. 49, No. 9, 1946 March 2.

7

Squib Memoranda, 1946 June.

7

Tile and Till, Vol. 32, No. 3, 1946 May.

7

TIME, Vol. 97. No. 25, 1946 June 24.

7

TIME, Vol. 55, No. 12, 1950 March 20.

7

Today in Pharmacy, 1946 June.

7

Schatz honored as “the most outstanding industrial microbiologist’ of their century,” Society of Industrial Microbiology, 1994 July 31.

13 1

"Albert Schatz and Streptomycin," An Exhibit at Paley Library from November 5 to December 20 1997 and Schatz's lecture at Paley Library, 1994 November 16.

13 2

"On Discovering Streptomycin," by A. Schatz, ConneXions, Rutgers University, 1995 Spring.

13 3

Letter from M. Wainwright to Albert Schatz, 1995 April 1.

13 4

Letter from Karl Maramorosch to A. Schatz regarding his lecture in Canada about Schatz's role in the discovery of streptomycin, 1995 May 1.

13 5

"The Discovery of Streptomycin," by Albert Schatz in Introduction to Microbiology, by J. Ingraham and A. Catherine, Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1995, p. 507.

13 6

Letter from Alan Yoshioka to A. Schatz, 1996 August 29.

13 7

Thank you letter from Connor Flynn, whose life was saved from tularemia by streptomycin, 1996 September.

13 8

Letter from Bob Dole to A. Schatz and Schatz's reply, 1996 March 21.

13 9

"Doctor’s discovery 50 years ago is continuing to save lives today," The Leader and  Germantown Paper, 1996 September 18.

13 10

Albert Schatz receives the George Hammell Cook Alumnae Award, 1996 April 25.

13 11

Letter from G. Terry Sharrer to Schatz regarding Schatz's visit to the Smithsonian, 1996 August 12.

13 12

A. Schatz awarded the First Annual Achievement Award by the Temple Association of Retired Professionals, 1997 May 1.

13 13

"Academic credit where it is due," by Brian Martin, Campus Review, Australia (discusses Schatz and others who were denied due credit), 1997 June 4.

13 14

Letter from Inge Auerbacher to Schatz, thanking him because Streptomycin saved her life, 1997 February 18.

13 15

Thank you letter from Patrick Flanagan.

13 16

Letter from Shah to Schatz, student thanks Schatz, 1997.

13 17

"Fraud, Plagiarism, and Misconduct in Science," several articles, 1993-1997.

13 18

Avoiding plagiarism, self-plagiarism and other questionable writing practices: A guide to ethical writing, by Miguel Roig (Schatz case is emphasized).

13 19

“Academic credit where it’s due,” by Brian Martin, Campus Review, Vol. 7, No. 21 (the case of Albert Schatz is the lead case of a professor taking credit for a student’s work), 1997 June 4-10.

13 20

Letter from Rod Sharp, Dean of Research at Cook College, to Albert Schatz, 1997 August 30.

13 21

"Post-Penicillin Antibiotics: Historical Perspectives," Welcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 1998 May 12.

13 22

Thank you letter from Sister Barbara (Medical Mission Sisters), 1999 December 14.

13 23

The Nobel Prize: A History of Genious, Controversies, and Prestige, by Burton Feldman, Arcade Publishing, 2000.

13 24

A. Schatz's letter to the editor of the Philadelphia Inquirer, 2000 March 23.

13 25

Letter from A. Schatz to Dr. Markus Noll regarding the Joffe-Waksman controversy at Rutgers, 2001 June 8.

13 26

Professor H. Lechevalier's letters to Schatz and his article “The Search for Antibiotics at Rutgers University", 1992-2001.

13 27

"The Nobel Foundation should Tell the Truth about Who Discovered Streptomycin and Why the 1952 Prize was Awarded to Waksman", undated.

13 28

Correspondence between Schatz and Ross M. Tucker regarding the article Tucker was writing for the Herald Tribune, Sarasota, Florida, 2001 February 18.

13 29

Schatz's reply to obituary for Elizabeth Bugie Gregory in Pittsburgh Post-Gazette of April 14, 2001, 2001 July 18.

13 30

"The History of Two Streptomycin Test Tubes That Are 58 and 59 years old," by Albert Schatz, 2001 July 12.

13 31

Letter from A. Schatz to Dr. Peter Lawrence, 2001 July 9.

13 32

"Albert Schatz--Cheated Out of the Nobel Prize" (English version), News Zuercher Zeitung (Zurich, Switzerland), 2001 October 23.

13 33

Letter from A. Schatz to the webmaster at Rutgers University, 2001 October 3.

13 34

A. Schatz's letter to the King of Sweden, 2001.

13 35

A. Schatz's letter to Nobel Museum, 2001 November 17.

13 36

A. Schatz's email to Nobel Museum, 2001 November 22.

13 37

A. Schatz's letters Professor Marcus Noll (Zurich, Switzerland), 2001.

13 38

"Albert Schatz discovered Streptomycin," recognition of Schatz; R. Stone for science; P. Lawrence for nature, and M. Perutz for nature (brief quotations), 2001, 2002.

13 39

"Sharp Mind Keeps Knives Sharp at Co-op," by Vivian Schatz, The Shuttle, Weavers Way Co-op, 2002 January/February.

13 40

"Rank injustice: The misallocation of credits is endemic in science," by Peter A. Lawrence, Nature, Vol. 415, 2002 February 21.

13 41

"I’ll take credit for that, thanks," by Anjana Ahuja, The Times (London), 2002 February 25.

13 42

"How I Was Cheated out of the Nobel Prize; The Caroline Institute Awarded the 1952 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to the Wrong Person for the Wrong Reason".

13 43

A. Schatz's response to Wakman’s letter to Wallgren at the Caroline Institute (Wakman’s response was sent on November 11, 1952, but Schatz wrote this in 2002 when he obtained the information and sent it to Peter Lawrence and Veronique Mistiaen), 2002.

13 44

Letter from A. Schatz to Eveleigh, 2002 March 7.

13 45

Invitation to Professor Schatz for Centennial/"175" of Soil Microbiology/Biochemistry at Cook College, Rutgers, 2002 April 12-13.

13 46

Rutgers Centennial, 2002 April.

13 47

"Some of Waksman’s Myths About the Discovery of Streptomycin," by A. Schatz, written, 2002.

13 48

"The Demolition of Three Myths about Waksman and the Discovery of Streptomycin," by A. Schatz, 2002.

13 49

"Waksman’s Controversial Nobel Prize Lecture," by Albert Schatz, 2002.

13 50

"How, When, and Why Waksman Changed his Evaluation of Me and My Role in the Discovery of Streptomycin," by Albert Schatz, 2002.

13 51

"Selman Waksman Had Two Controversies with Graduate Students about Credit for Discoveries," by Albert Schatz, 2002.

13 52

"The Discovery of Streptomycin-Some Interesting Historical Aspects Quotations," by M. Wainwright, F. Ryan, D. Everleigh, and C. Schaffuer, 2002.

13 53

Letter from Doris Jones Ralston to Dr. Eveleigh, 2002 April.

13 54

"Site Named for Rutgers Researcher Home," New Tribune, 2002 April 13.

13 55

"Albert Schatz Was Robbed of the Nobel Prize," by M. Wainwright, Independent (London), 2002 June 30.

13 56

"Fleming’s Unfinished," by Milton Wainwright, Perspectives on Biology and Medicine, Vol. 45, No. 4, pages 529-38 (Fleming continued working on penicillin throughout the 1930s), 2002 Autumn.

13 57

"Time and The Great Healer," by Veronique Mistriain, The Guardian (London), 2002 November 2.

13 58

Letter from Schatz to Nobel Foundation regarding the Nobel deliberations for the Nobel Prize to Waksman, 2002 November 20.

13 59

“Where the Cows Are,” letter to the Editor by A. Schatz, Philadelphia Inquirer, 2002 November 25.

13 60

Letter from Schatz to Jornwall (Nobel Committee), 2003 January 30.

13 61

Letter from Peter Lawrence to Schatz regarding Nobel deliberations, 2003 February.

13 62

"The Scientific Detective," The University of Sheffield Newsletter, 2003 February.

13 63

"Getting it off his chest," by Veronique Mistiaen, The Sydney Morning Herald (New South Wales, Australia), 2003 February 22.

13 64

Letter from Dr. T. Chase, Jr. to Schatz regarding how Dr. Chase located Schatz, 2003 January 21.

13 65

Letter from to Schatz to Dr. T. Chase regarding “Finding Dr. Schatz”, 2003 January 29.

13 66

Corrections to the Waksman Foundation web site, 2003 March 25.

13 67

Letter from A. Schatz to Dr. Raymond Damadian, 2003 October 14.

13 68

Streptomycin article from Wikipedia, 2004.

13 69

Doonesbury (Gary Trudeau), Philadelphia Inquirer, 2005 December 18.

13 70

"Leaps in the Dark: The Making of Scientific Reputations," by John Waller (Review of the book by Walter Greatzer in which the Schatz case is emphasized), Nature, 2005 February.

13 71

The Aftermath of Penicillin, course outline, Botany Department, University of Hawaii (discusses the discovery of streptomycin, “The story shows the darker side of scientific research and raises the question as to who should be credited for scientific discoveries”).

13 72

"Deadliest Tuberculosis strains gaining foothold in U.S., officials warn," Philadelphia Inquirer, 2006 February 23.

13 73

Thank you letter from Elly Gross to Schatz, Streptomycin saved her son’s life, 2007 January 9.

13 74

Schatz Exhibition at Paley Library--Headings and Related Materials, 1994 November 11–December 29.

14

Series II. The Role of Chelation in Soil Formation.

Box Folder

Newspaper article about Schatz and Martin and proteolysis-chelation, 1953-1964.

8 1

"Chelation, or Metal-Binding, As a New Approach to the Problem of Dental 'Caries,'" by Martin, Isenberg, V. Schatz, Trelawny and Albert Schatz ("Euclides; revista menusal de ciencias exactas, fisicas, quicicas quimicas, naturales y applicaciones tecnicas"), Spain, 14:311-317, 1954 August.

8 2

"Rocks and Truth," by Waldemar Kaempffert, New York Times, 1954 October 17.

8 3

Press releases about the proteolysis chelation theory of tooth decay, issued by the National Agricultural College, 1954, 1955, 1956.

8 4

"New Concepts of Dental Caries," by A. Schatz and J.J. Martin, Dental World, Vol. II, No. 2, 1955?.

8 5

"Don’t Brush Your Teeth! Old Theory On Tooth Decay Blasted by Research Lab," The Gleaner, National Agricultural College, 1955 December.

8 6

"Speculations on lactobacilli and acid as possible anti-caries factors," by A. Schatz and J.J. Martin, N.U. State Dental Journal, Vol. 21, No.8 (Also  Journal of the Southern California State Dental Association, May 1956, Vol. XXIV, No.5) (Also in German), 1955 October.

8 7

"Keratin Utilization by Oral Microflore," by A. Schatz and J.J. Martin, Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science, Vol. XXIX (also: Significance of Keratin--digesting microorganisms in dental caries), 1955.

8 8

"Destruction of Tooth Organic Matter by Orgal Keratinolytic Microorganisms," by A. Schatz, K. Karlson, and J.J. Martin, New York State Dental Journal, Vol. 21, No. 9, p.438-446, 1955 November.

8 9

"A Solution to the Riddle of Dental Caries?" Editorial, Journal of the District of Columbia Dental Society, Vol. XXX, No. 5, 1955.

8 10

"The Proteolysis--Chelation Concept of Dental Caries," Editorial, Annals of Dentistry, Vol. XIV, No. 4, 1955 December.

8 11

"The Importance of Chelation for Future Caries Research," by H. Eggers–Liera, Dental Abstracts, 1:747, 1956.

8 12

"Proteolysis-Chelation: A New Theory of Dental Caries," by J Marting, A. Schatz and K. Karlson, Journal of the New Jersey State Dental Society (also in Spanish in the  Revista de la Associaciou Odontologica Angentian), 1956 January.

8 13

"A New Approach to Dantifrices," by A. Schatz, J. Martin, K. Karlson and V. Schatz, The New York State Dental Journal, Vol. 22, No. 4 (Also in Greek), 1956 April.

8 14

"Biochemical Studies with Mixed Populations of Oral Bacteria," by A. Schatz, J.H. Martin and K. Karlson, Journal of Dental Research, 1956 August.

8 15

"Degradation of Enamel Organic Matter and Keratinous Proteins by Oral Proteolytic Bacteria," by A. Schatz, J. Martin and K. Karlson, Zahnarztliche Rundschau, 15: 349-352 (In German, English translation included), 1956 August.

8 16

"Consultant evaluation on the proteolysis – chelation theory of dental caries," by Professor Charles Bodecker, New York State Dental Journal, Vol. 22, No. 8, p.375-383.

8 17

The Editors Page (about Proteolysis-chelation), Dental Digest, 1956 November.

8 18

"…revolutionary proteolysis chelation theory…," Editorial staff, Journal of the New York State Dental Society, 1957 April.

8 19

4th Meeting of the European Organization on Fluorine and Dental Caries Prevention, Malmo, Sweden, 1957 June 14-17.

8 20

International Dental Congress, Rome, Italy, 1957 September.

8 21

"Some Philosophical Considerations on the Proteolysis-Chelation Theory of Dental Caries, by A. Schatz, K. Karloon, J.J. Martin, V. Schatz and Adelore, Stomatologia, 14:35-72 (published in Greek with an English translation), 1957.

8 22

"The Proteolysis-Chelation Theory: Applications to Caries and Erosion," by A. Schatz, K. Karlson, J.J. Martin and V. Schatz, Annals of Dentistry, Vol. SVI, No. 2 (also reprinted in the  Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. VIII, No.22, April 1958), 1957 June.

8 23

"The Proteolysis-chelatin theory of dental caries-Studies on the metabolism oforal proteolytic microflora," by A. Schatz, K. Karlson, J.J. Martin and V. Schatz, Odontologisk Revy, Vol. 8, No.3, 1957.

8 24

"Some comments on chelation by oral bacterial products," by A. Schatz and J.J. Martin, Journal of the Norwegian Dental Association, Vol. 68, No. 8, 1957 October.

8 25

"Proteolysis-Chelation Concept of Dental Caries- A New Approach to an Old Problem," by Julius Godwin, The Journal of the Missouri State Dental Association, Vol. 37, No. 10, 1957 December.

8 26

"A reply to Mandel and Ellison’s comments on the proteolysis-chelation theory," by A. Schatz, J. Martin, and L. Adelson, The New York State Dental Journal, Vol. 23, No. 5 (also reprinted in the  Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. VIII, No. 3, July 1958), 1957 May.

8 27

"Some Considerations about Dental Caries and the Proteolysis-Chelation Theory," by A. Schatz, J. Martin and V. Schatz, (in French; also "Caries and Chelation," by Charles Leimgruber) Revista B. Sc. Dent, Vol. 13, No. 4, 1958.

8 28

"The Proteolysis-Chelation Theory of Dental Caries-Variations in Enzyme Susceptibility of Adolescent Keratins," by A. Schatz, J. Martin, C. Adelson, and B. Trelawny, New York University Journal of Dentistry, Vol. 16, No. 2, 1958 January.

8 29

"Oral Microbiology and Infections Diseases: A Review," by Albert Schatz, The New York State Dental Journal, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 102-103, 1958 February.

8 30

"Proteolysis-Chelation Theory of Dental Caries: A 'Discussion,'" International Dental Journal, Vol. 8, No. 2. (A. Schatz is part of the discussion), 1958 June.

8 31

"Caries Dental: Modern Concepts of Etiology and Pathogenesis: Round Table Discussion with an introduction by Dr. A. Schatz," International Dental Journal, 8:416-419, 1958.

8 32

"Some Perspectives of Dental Caries Research: Microbiological and Biochemicial Considerations," by A. Schatz and J.J. Martini, Annals of Dentistry, Vol. SVII, No. 1, 1958 March.

8 33

"Une Nouvelle Conception de la Carie Dentavie," by J. Martin, A. Schatz, K. Karloom, La Voix Dentave Paris (in French), 1958 May.

8 34

"Some Philosophical Considerations On the Proteolysis-Chelation Theory of Dental Caries," by A. Schatz, J, Karlson, J. Martini, V. Schatz and L. Adelson, Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science, Vol. XXXII, pp. 20-48,, 1958.

8 35

"Some Philosophical Considerations on the Proteolysis-Chelation Theory of Dental Caries," by A. Schatz, K. Karlson, J. Martini, V. Schatz and L. Adelson, Palistan Dental Review, Vol. IX, No. 1 (published originally in Greek in  Stomatologia in 1957), 1959 January.

8 36

"Opportunities for Creativity in Dental Research," Editorial, The New York Journal of Dentistry, Vol. 29, No. 1, 1959 January.

8 37

"Looking forward," by Sir Arthur Ames, Australian Dental Journal, Vol. 4, No. 2 (see p.83 for proteolysis-chelation), 1959 April.

8 38

"The proteolysis-chelation theory of dental caries: studies on the metabolism of oral proteolytic microfloru," by A. Schatz, K. Karlson, J. Martini and V. Schatz, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. IX, No. 2, pages 48-57, 1959 April.

8 39

"Opportunities for Creative Research in Denatl Caries," by A. Schatz and J. Martini, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. IX, No. 3, pages 106-121, 1959.

8 40

"Concerning Criticism of the Proteolysis-Chelation Theory of Dental Caries," by A. Schatz and J. Martini, New York State Dental Journal, Vol. 25, No. 7, pages 285-292, 1959 August-September.

8 41

"Some considerations of Dental Caries from the point of view of the Proteolysis-Chelation Theory," by A. Schatz, J. Martin and V. Schatz, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. IX, No. 4, 1959 October.

8 42

"Proteolysis-chelation and caries" (in Spanish), by A. Schatz and V. Schatz, Odontoiatria (Madria), Vol. XVI, No. 183, pages 117-127 (editorial about chelatio and caries, pages 155-158), 1959.

8 43

Schatz and Martini published an article on proteolysis-chelation in the Greek dental journal Stomatologia (in Greek), 1959.

8 44

"The philosophy and theory of proteolysis-chelation" (in Spanish), by A. Schatz, J. Martini and V. Schatz, Odontoiatria, Vol. XVI, No. 184 (4) pages 173-178.

8 45

"A new conception of dental caries" (in Spanish), by J. Martini, A. Schatz K. Karlson and "Caries and chelation," by Dr. Charles Leuingruber (in Spanish) Odontoiatria, Vol. SVI, No. 185 (5) pages 247-249.

8 46

"Opportunities for Creative Research in Dental Caries," by A. Schatz and J. Martini, The New York Journal of Dentistry, Vol. XXIX, Nos.1 and 2, pages 5-10 and 47-53, 1959 January, February.

8 47

"Quelques Considerations sur La Carie Dentaire en Fonction de la Theorie de Proteloyse-Chelation," by A. Schatz, J. Martini and V. Schatz, Hygie (a brief summary in Italian is included), 1960 January.

8 48

“The Heritage of Dr. Maller,” lecture by Albert Schatz, given on February 15, 1960; Bulletin of the Essex County (New Jersey) Dental Society, 27:4, 1960.

8 49

"Concerning criticism of the proteoloysis-chelation theory of dental caries," by A. Schatz and J. Martini, Palistan Dental Review, Vol. X, No. 1, 1960 January.

8 50

"Proteolysis-chelation theory and the etiology of dental caries," by A. Schatz, J. Martini and V. Schatz, Dental Abstracts, 1960 February.

8 51

"Technique Trends," Dental Times (article about proteolysis-chelation), 1960 May 15.

8 52

"The Heritage of W. D. Miller in Dentistry," Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science, by A. Schatz and J. Martini, Vol. XXXIV, 1960.

8 53

"Some Historical Reflections on Dental Research, A Comparison of the Septic and Proteolysis-Chelation Theories of Caries," by A. Schatz and J. Martini, Journal of Dental Medicine, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1960 July.

8 54

"The Present Status of Chelation in Dentistry," by Charles Bodecher, Pakistan Dental Review (reprinted from the  New York Journal of Dentistry, April 1960), 1960 October.

8 55

"The Proteolysis-Chelation Theory," by D. Soul, The Dental Practitioner and Dental Record, Vol. XI, No. 1, 1960 September.

8 56

"La Laudable Rebeldia de Schatz," Odontoiatria (Spain), Vol. XVII, pages 518-520 (editorial in Spanish with English translation), 1960.

8 57

The Proteolysis-Chelation Theory: reprints, “Proteolysis-Chelation: A New Theory of Dental Caries” from the November 1955 issue of the New Jersey Dental Society, by J. Martini, A. Schatz, and K. Karlson, in  New York Academy of Dentistry, It’s First Thirty-Five Years, by Edgar S. Bacon, 1960.

8 58

"Comment on a New Concept of the Etiology of Dental Caries," guest editorial, New York Journal of Dentistry, Vol. 30, No. 10, 1960 December.

8 59

"Lactobacillus and dental caries," letter to the editor by A. Schatz, Journal American Medical Association, Vol. 175, No.8, page 739, 1961 February.

8 60

"Concerning different theories of dental caries," by A. Schatz, New York State Dental Journal and "The biochemical analogy between tooth resorption and caries," by Lura Eggers,  New York State Dental Journal, 1961 February.

8 61

"New Theory of Dental Caries Explained," Dental Times, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1961 March 15.

8 62

"What Caries Research Offers the Graduating Dentist: The Challenge of proteoloysis-chelation," A. Schatz and J. Martini, New York State Dental Journal, Vol. 27, No. 3 (also, in Spanish in  Boletin de Informacion Dental, Madrid, November-December 1961 and in the  Journal of the Philippine Dental Association, Vol. XV, No. 7, July 1961), 1961 March.

8 63

"Concerning the Proteolysis-Chelation Theory of Dental Caries," editorial, The Bulletin of the Hudson County Dental Society, Vol. 30, No. 6, 1961 March.

8 64

"Albert Schatz Winner of the $4,000 Dental Research Prize," CAL (newsletter article, 2 pages), 1961 April.

8 65

“Ostracisme ou forces occultes, ” by Charles Bonsack, Schweizerische Monatsschrift Fur Zahnkeildeunde, (Switzerland) (in French with an English translation), 1961 April.

8 66

"Some historical reflections on dental research: A comparison of the septic and proteolysis-chelation theories of caries," by A. Schatz and J. Martini, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. XI, No. 2 (an abstract was published in  Dental Abstracts), 1961 April.

8 67

"$4,000 'Dental Research Prize' awarded to Albert Schatz, Ph.D.," Journal of the Ontario Dental Association (also in the  Minneapolis District Dental Journal, June 1961), 1961 April.

8 68

"On a Remarkable Dental Cement Formulated by American Indians 1500 Yeas Ago," by A. Schatz and J. Martini (this article appeared in 4 journals: New York State Journal of Dentistry, May 1961;  The Journal of the Tennessee Dental Association, October 1961;  Odontologiesha Foreningens Tidshrift, 1961 (Sweden);  Pakistan Dental Review, October 1961), 1961.

8 69

"Acid Theory of Dental Caries Challenged," editorial by A.R. Weber, Bulletin of the Cincinnati Dental Society, Vol. XXX, No. 5, 1961 May.

8 70

"What Is Proteolysis-Chelation?" A. Schatz and J. Martini, Lebanese Dental Magazine, 1961 July.

8 71

"The Heritage of W. D. Miller in Dentistry," by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. XI, No. 3, 1961 July.

8 72

"What Is Proteolysis-Chelation?" by A. Schatz and J.J. Martin, The Journal of the Philippine Dental Association, Vol. XV, No. 9, 1961 September.

8 73

Letter to the editor of Dental Times, by A. Schatz and J. Martin, 1961 October 15.

8 74

"Qu’est-ce que la chilation?" by Dr. Charles Leimgrieber, Swiss journal, 1961.

8 75

“Fear of Change Is the Embalmer of Progress” by A. Schatz and J. Martin, New York State Dental Journal, Vol. 27, No. 8, 1961 October.

8 76

"What is Proteolysis-Chelation?" by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Stomatologia (Athens, Greece), Vol. 18, No. 1 (English version), 1961.

8 77

"Caries Research in Japan and England: a review of three important papers," by A. Schatz, New York State Dental Journal, No. 27, 1961.

8 78

"Is Dental Caries Caused by Proteolysis Chelation? Brief No. 52," by A. Schatz and J. Martin, 1961.

8 79

"Leptolhrix in drinking water in relating to the chelation theory," by K. Lilkes (in Hungarian) Fogrov. Sgle 54:40-45, 1961.

8 80

"A comparison of the acid and proteolysis-chelation theories of dental caries" (in German), by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Karies, Zahnbetter Krankungen, Munder Krankengen Heft 9, 1961 September.

8 81

"Nutrition and Caries – a few observations in experimental animals," by L.M. Dalderup, Drukerij Verdonk-Amsterdam, pages 14-16, 43, 62-62, 94, 1959.

8 82

Dr. Charles F. Bodecker mentions Schatz in an issue of the New York State Dental Journal, 1955 October.

8 83

"The Proteolysis-chelation concept of dental caries merits testing," by Charles Bodecher, New York State Dental Journal, Vol. 23, No. 5, May 1957 (also: "Insipient caries lesions," October 1962; "Enamel Fissure eradication," 1964), 1957, 1962, 1964.

9 1

"Proteolysis-Chelation Theory of Caries," letter to the editor by A. Schatz and J. Martin, British Dental Journal, Vol. 112, No. 2, pages 45-46, 1962 January 16.

9 2

"Decalcification by Acid or by Proteolysis-Chelation?" by E. Albioni and M. Mercucci, Revista Italiana di Stomatologia (Italian), 1962.

9 3

"An experimental device to investigate the proteolysis-chelation theory of dental caries," by A. Marcucci, Revista Italiana de Stomatologia (Italian), Vol. 17, No. 8, 1962.

9 4

"On a Remarkable Dental Cement Formulated by American Indians 1500 Years Ago," by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Oral Health, Vol. 52, No. 6, 1962 June.

9 5

"Some recent developments in caries research," by A. Schatz, New York State Dental Journal, 28:119-122, 1962.

9 6

"How Important is Chelation as a Demineralizing Mechanism in Oral Pathology?" by A. Schatz, in Some Problems in Oral Health, edited by Appleton, English, Levy and McFall, pages 14-17.

9 7

"Criticism of the Proteolysis-Chelation Theory of Dental Caries and a Critique of the Critics," New York State Dental Journal, 28:128-129, 1962.

9 8

Letter to the editor, by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Bulletin of the New York State Society of Dentistry for Children, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1962 November.

9 9

"Soil, Water, Food, and Teeth," by A. Schatz and J. Martin, The Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. XII, No. 1 (also in  Archives of Environmental Health, Vol. 5, pages 55-65, 1962), 1962 January.

9 10

"The proteolysis-chelation theory of dental careis," by A. Schatz and J. Martin, The Journal of the American Dental Association Vol. 65, 1962 September.

9 11

"Beitrag Zum Studium deo Widerstandsvermogens menschlicher Zahne gegen die Wirkung experimenteller Enthkalksungsfaktoren," by Alex Costache, Deutsche Stomatologie, Heft 7, 1963 January.

9 12

"The scientific method," editorial by Norman Ordene, The New York State Dental Journal, 29:461, 1963.

9 13

“Ode to the Acid Lords of Yore,” Pakistan-Dental Review Vol. 13, No. 4 (also in Japanese in  Shikaikoko (Dental Wide Outlook) Tokyo, Vol. 20, No. 1, January 1967 and as an editorial in  Your Child Patient, July 1964), 1963 October.

9 14

Symposium on Dental Caries-Discussion of the Acid Theory of Miller and the Proteolysis-Chelation Theory (in Spanish), Revista Odontologica de Concepcion, Special edition, Concepcion, Chile, 1963.

9 15

"Soil, Water, Food & Teeth" (in Spanish), by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Revista Ibero-Americana de Medicina de la Boca, Vol. 18, 1963.

9 16

"Changing concepts in dental caries," by A. Schatz and J. Martin, The New York State Dental Journal, Vol. 29, No. 10, pages 449-454, 1963 December.

9 17

"Caries As A Unique Disease," by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Stomatologica (Greece), 20: 56-64, 1963.

9 18

"Chelation-Proteolysis," by A. Schatz, Pharmacotherapeutics of Oral Diseases, 1964.

9 19

"Dental ‘Authorities’ Suppress Research Work," by Albert Schatz, Aqua Pura, circa 1964.

9 20

Dr. Schatz welcomed to Editorial Board of Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. 14, No. 4, 1964 October.

9 21

Symposium on Dental Caries: Miller’s Chemico-Porasitic Theory and the Proteolysis-Chelation Theory Part 3: Some Historical Aspects of Caries Research, by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. XIV, No. 2, 1964 April.

9 22

Symposium on Dental Caries: Miller’s Chemico-Parasitic Theory and the Proteolysis-Chelation Theory Part 4: Perspectives in Caries Research, by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. XIV, No. 3, 1964 July.

9 23

Proteolysis-Chelation theory of dental caries Part 1: Chemical concepts on complexes and chelation in relation to dental caries (In Spanish), by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Revista Dental de Chile, Vol. 54, No. 1 (also published in Acta Odontologica Venezolana), 1964.

9 24

"The Scientific Bankruptcy of Miller’s Acid Theory of Dental Caries: Some Practical and Theoretical Considerations" (in Spanish), by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Revista Dental de Chile (also in  Acta Odontologica Venezolana), 1964.

9 25

"Trends in present caries research. A review of recent reports," by A. Schatz and J. Martin, New York State Dental Journal, Vol. 30, 1964 December.

9 26

Symposium on Dental Caries: Miller’s Chemico-Parasitic Theory and the Proteolysis Chelation Theory-Six Parts, Pakistan Dental Review, 1964 January-1965 January.

9 27

"A Critique of Miller’s Acid Theory" (in Spanish), A. Schatz and J. Martin, Boletin del Colegio Official de Odontologos y Estamatologs de la VII Region, Bilbaok, Spain.

9 28

"William J. Gies and the Proteolysis-Chelation Theory of Dental Caries," by A. Schatz (includes copies of correspondence with Mr. Gies), Pakistan Dental Review, SV, No.2, 1965 April.

9 29

"Perspectives on Caries Investigations" (in Spanish), by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Boletin del Colegio Official de Odontologos y Estomatologos de la VII Region, Bilbao, Spain, 1965 May-June.

9 30

"The Proteolysis-Chelation Theory of Dental Caries" (in German), by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Blatter fur Zahnheilkunde, Zurich, Switzerland (English translation is included; also, a Spanish version published in Venezuela in  Acta Odontologica Venezolana, V, No. 1, April 1967), 1965 November.

9 31

Notes and comments about Dr. Albert Schatz, his honors, proteolysis-chelation and its lack of acceptance in the U.S., by D. Boyer, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. SVI, No. 2, 1966 April.

9 32

"Oportunidades para la Investigacion Creadora en Caries Dental," by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Boletin del Colegio Oficial de Odontologos y Estomatologos de la VII Region, Bilbao, Spain, and   Revista Dental de Chile, 1966 September-October.

9 33

"A Critique of Schole and Frederich’s 'Unifying Concept of the Caries Mechanism,'” by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Revista Odontologica de Puerto Rico, 1966 April, October.

9 34

"Controversy and Scientific Progress: Some disagreements about the Proteolysis-chelation Theory" (portions of a lecture presented by A. Schatz and J. Martin at the First International Congress of Odonto-Stomatology of Espirito Santo, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. XVI, No. 3, 1966 July.

9 35

"El desmoronamiento cientifico de la teoria acida de la caries de Miller. Alguenos consideraciones proacticas y teoricas," by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Boletin de Informacion Dental, Madrid, Spain, 1966 November-December.

9 36

"Philosophy, Science and Progress in Dental Caries Research," VI Congreso Nacional de Odontologia y II International de Estomatologia del Peru, Resumenes, paginas 46 and 54, Lima, Peru, 1966 November.

9 37

La Tribuna Odontologica – Distincion al Doctor Albert Schatz, 1966 July-September.

9 38

Article regarding Albert Schatz's work on dental caries, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. 16, No. 2, 1966 April.

9 39

Symposium on Dental Caries: Miller’s Chemico-Parasitic Theory and the Proteolysis Chelation Theory, by Ch. Leimgruber Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. 16, No. 1, 1966 January.

9 40

"Some disagreements about the Proteolysis-Chelatin theory," by A. Schatz and J. Martin (in Spanish), Divulgacion Cultural Odontologica, No. 143, 1967 January-February.

9 41

"The Proteolysis-Chelation Theory of Dental Caries" (in Spanish), by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Acta Odontologica Venezolana, Caracas, Venezuela, 1967 April.

9 42

"The Proteolysis-Chelation Theory of Dental Caries" (in Spanish), by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Revista Dental de Chile, Vol. 57, No. 2 (also published in  Anales Espanoles de Odontoestomatlogia, September –October 1967), 1967 March-April.

9 43

"Opportunities for creative investigation in dental caries," (in Spanish) by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Divilgacion Cultural Odontologica, No. 148 (also published in the  Revista Dental de Chile, Vol. 56, No. 5), 1967 November-December.

9 44

"The Etiology and Prevention of Dental Caries," by A.E. Sharpenak, New York State Dental Journal, 1967 December.

9 45

"Controversy and Scientific Progress: Some Disagreements about the Proteolysis-Chelation Theory," by A. Schatz and J. Martin, Divulgacion Cultural Odontologica (in Spain, with English version), 1968 March-April.

9 46

"Bucking the Scientific Establishment," by Theodore J. Gordon regarding A. Schatz, Playboy, Vol.15, No.4, 1968 April.

9 47

"The Implications of Soviet Research on Caries," by A. Schatz, J. Martin, and V. Schatz, Pakistan Dental Review, 1968 October.

9 48

"Proteolysis-chelation" (in Spanish), an editorial, Divulgacion Cultural Odontologica, No. 58, 1969 July-August.

9 49

"The Proteolysis-chelation Theory of Dental Caries from the Point of View of Molecular Biology," by A. Schatz and V. Schatz, Soviet Dental Journal, 1970.

9 50

"Contribution to the Microbiology of the Mouth by Automy van Leevwenhoek," by J. Martin, V. Schatz and A. Schatz, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. XXI, No. 2, 1971 April.

9 51

"Las Teorias de Quelacion y Proteolisis Quelacion de la Caries Dental," [See Origin, Evolucion y Filosofia, by A. Schatz, J. Martin, V. Schatz, La Revista Dental de Chile Enero-Ferero-Marzo], 1972.

9 52

"The Chelation and Proteolysis-Chelation Theories of Dental Caries: Their Origin, Evolution and Philosophy," by A. Schatz, J. Martin and V. Schatz, The New York State Dental Journal, 1972 May.

9 53

"The Chelation and Proteolysis-Chelation Theories of Dental Caries: Their Origin, Evolution and Philosophy" (in Bulgarian), by A. Schatz, J. Martin and V. Schatz, Bulgarian Dental Journal, Sofia, Bulgaria, 1970.

9 54

"The Proteolysis-Chelation Theory of Dental Caries from the Point of View of Molecular Biology," by A. Schtaz, J. Martin, and V. Schatz, Sviesa, Kaumas, Soviet Union, 1970.

9 55

The Importance of Dr. Joff’s Pedology Course to Albert Schatz (autobiographical essay, 2 pages).

10 1

Pedology, by Jacob S. Joffe, Introduction and Chapter 1, 1949.

10 2

"Experimenters at NAC Believe: Tiny, Simple Lechen Holdo Solution to Soil Problem," Doylestown Daily Intelligencer (Chelatiors necessary for soil fertility), 1953 July 30.

10 3

"Chelators – Key to hidden fertility?" Successful farming, pages 23, 1954 May.

10 4

"Chelation (Sequestration) As a Biological Weathering Factor in Pedogensis," by A. Schatz, N. Cheronis, V. Schatz and G. Trelawny, Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science, pages 244-251, Vol. XXVIII, 1954.

10 5

"The Role of Chelation in Soil Formation and Fertility" (in German), by A. Schatz, UMSCHAU, Heft 24, 1955.

10 6

"Biochemical Studies of Lichens I. Endogenous and Subsrate Onidation by Cladonia Ranqiferina," by A. Schatz, V. Schatz, A. Trelawney, and K. Barth, Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science, Vol. XXX, pages 54-61, 1956.

10 7

"Significance of Lichens as Pedogenic (Soil-Forming) Agents," by V. Schatz, A. Schatz, G. Trelawny and K. Barth, Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science, Vol. XXX, pages 62-69, 1956.

10 8

Importance of Soil Microorganism as Biological Chelators Albert Schatz Symposium on the use of Metal Chelators in Plant Neutrition, edited by Arthur Wallace, 1956 November.

10 9

"Chelation as a Biological Weathering Factor," A. Schatz, V. Schatz, J.J. Martin, Bulletin Geological Society America, 68:1792-1793, 1957.

10 10

"Spectrophotometic Studies of Fungus Extracts," by L. Adelson, G. Trelawny, V. Schatz, and A. Schatz, Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science, Vol. XXXI, p.18-22, 1957.

10 11

"Use of Chelating Agents In Fertilizers to Enhance the Growth of Plant Life U.S. Patent," by Nicholas Cheronis and Albert Schatz, 1958 March 25.

10 12

"Abstracts of Communications with International Congress of Biochemistry," Moscow, U.S.S.R., 1961August 10-16.

10 13

"Soil Organism and Soil Chelation," by A. Schatz, Abstracts of Papers for the 140th general meeting of the American Chemical Society, 1966 September 3-8.

10 14

"Pedogenic (Soil-Forming) Activity of Lichen Acids," by Albert Schatz, Die Naturwissen schaften, Heft 22, S. 518/519, 1962.

10 15

A Decade of Synthetic Chelating Agents in Inorganic Plant Nutrition, Arthur Wallace, editor (Albert Schatz is referenced), 1962 July.

10 16

"Pedogenic or soil-forming activity of bichemiged fungi," by A. Schatz and J.J. Martin, abstracts from the VIIIth International Congress for Microbiology, Montreal, Canada, 1962.

10 17

"The Importance of Metal-Building Phenomena In the Chemistry and Microbiology of the Soil. Part I: The Chelating Properties of Lechens and Lichen Acid," by Albert Schtaz, Advancing Frontiers of Plant Sciences, Vol. 6, pages 113-134, 1963.

10 18

"Soil Microorganisms and Soil Chelation. The Pedogenic Action of Lichens and Lieken Acids," by Albert Schatz, Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. II, No. 2, page 112, 1963 March/April.

10 19

"Biochemical and Ecologic Interrelationsips in Lichens," by A. Schatz, E. Schalscha, and V. Schatz, American Journal of Botany, 51:678, 1964.

10 20

"Soil Organic Matter as a Natural Chelating Material Part 1: The Chemistry of Chelation," by A. Schatz, V. Schatz, E. Schalscha, and J.J. Martin, Compost Science, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1964 Winter.

10 21

"Soil Organic Matter as a Natural Chelating Material Part 2: The Chemistry of Chelation," by A. Schatz, V. Schatz and E. Schalscha, Compost Science, Vol. 5, No. 1, 1964 Spring.

10 22

"Soil Organic Matter as a Natural Chelating Material Part 3: Did the Incas Use Plant Products as a Chelating Agent?" by A. Schatz and V. Schatz, Compost Science, 1965 Spring.

10 23

"Effect of Drying on Volcanic Ash Soils in Chile," by E. Schalscha, C. Gonzalez, G. Vergara, G. Galerido and A. Schatz, Soil Sciences of America Proceedings, Vol. 29, No. 4, pages 481-482, 1965 July-August 1965.

10 24

"Inhibition of Soil Fungi and Actinomycetes by Ethyldiamine – Tetra – acetic Acid (EDTA)," by Albert Schatz and Paulina Medina, Science and Culture, 31: 152-153, 1965.

10 25

"Inhibition of Soil Fungi and Actinomycetes by EDTA" (in Spanish), by A. Schatz and P. Medina, Revista del Ingeniero Agronomo, Ano 11, Numero 6-7, Santiago, Chile, 1966.

10 26

"Humus Research – East and West," by A. Schatz, Compost Science, Vol., No. 2, pages 19 & 20, [1960s] Autumn.

10 27

"Did the Incas Use Natural Soil Organic Matter as Chelating Substances in Their Building?" (in Spanish), by A. Schatz and V. Schatz, Boletin de la Universidad de Chile, 1967 September-October.

10 28

"Chelation as a weathering mechanism I. Effect of complexing agenst on the solubilization of iron from minerals and granodiorite," by E. Schalscha, H. Appelt and A. Schatz, Geochemica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 31, pages 587-596, 1967.

10 29

"Soil Organic Matter as a Natural Chelating Material Part 4: The Solubilization of Metallic Iron by Organic Plant Constituents," by A. Schatz and V. Schatz, Compost Science, Vol. 11, No.v5, pages 28-31, 1970.

10 30

"Soil Organic Matter as a Natural Chelating Substance" (in Spanish), by A. Schatz and V. Schatz, Boletin de la Universidad de Chile, 1971 April-May.

10 31

Claws of Chelation. Secrets of the Soil, by Peter Tomkins and Christopher Bird, Harper & Row, Chapter 10, pages 116-127, 1989.

10 32

"The Importance of Chelation in Composting. A Historical Perspective," by Albert Schatz, Compost Science and Utilization, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1994 Spring.

10 33

"Paradoxical Effects Other Than The Paradoxical Effects Of Fluoridation" (articles about the paradoxical effects of fluoridation are in Box 5B).

10

Schatz briefly describes paradoxical effects, 1961.

10 34

"Adaptive Growth of Salmonella typhimurium on Adenene," V. Schatz, Die Naturwissenschafter, Heft 5, S. 121, 1964.

10 35

"Frequency and Importance of Paradoxical Effects in Biological Systems" (in Spanish), by A. Schatz, E. Schalscha, and V. Schatz, Boletin de la Universidad de Chile, No.47, 1964 May.

10 36

"Soil Organic Matter as a Natural Chelating Material Part 2: The Occurrence and Importance of Paradoxical Effects on Biological Systems," by A. Schatz, E. Schalscha and V. Schatz, Compost Science, Vol. 5, No. 1, 1964.

10 37

"Paradoxical Effect of Adenine on Salmonella Typhimurium," by A. Schatz and A. Schatz, Canadian Journal of Microbiology, Vol. 11, Pages 1029-1031, 1965.

10 38

"Considerations on the Occurrence and Importance of Paradoxical Concentration phenomena in Biological Systems," by A. Schatz, E. Schalscha and V. Schatz, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. XV, No. 1, 1965 January.

10 39

"Survival of 17 Patients with Inoperable Bronchial Cancer Treated with Cytostatic Agents and Radiation in the 'Minimal Useful Dose' (Paradoxical effects)," by A. Rodriquez, A. Schatz, and 6 more, Revista Medica de Chile, 99:560-565, 1971.

10 40

"Strange Bumps in the Data-Myclogical Implications of the Paradoxical Concentration Effect," by Milton Wainwright, Mycologist, Vol. 8, Part 4, (Schatz was the first to use “paradoxical effects”), 1994 November.

10 41

Letter from Professor A. Schatz to Professor J. Gofman, regarding paradoxical effects, 1996 March 20.

10 42

Letter from Professor J. Gofman to Professor A. Schatz regarding dangers of low levels of radiation – Supralinearity (paradoxical effects), 1996 March 31.

10 43

"Bodenbildung und Ertragsteigerung dwich Chelatisierung,” (in German), by A. Schatz, Umsschan, Heft 24, 1955.

10 44

Series III. Fluoridation: Harmful Effects and Paradoxical Effects.

Box Folder

"New Reactions of Fluoride Suggested by the Proteolysis-Chelation Theory," by A. Schatz, J.J. Martin, and K. Karlson, The Journal of the New Jersey Dental Society, Vol. 27, No. 4, 1956 April.

11 1

"Destruction of Bone and Tooth by Proteolysis-Chelation: It’s Inhibition by Fluoride and Application to Dental Caries," by Schatz and Martin, New York Journal of Dentistry, 1960 April.

11 2

"Some Peculiar Non-Linear Relationships Between the Concentration of Fluoride and Its Biological Activity," by J.J. Martin and A. Schatz, Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science, Vol. XXV, pages 187-190, 1961.

11 3

"Some Non-Linear Peculiarities in the Relationship Between Fluoride Concentration and Biological Activity," by A. Schatz and J.J. Martin, Biochemical Pharmacology, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1961 August.

11 4

"Some Peculiar Non-Linear Relationships between the Concentration of Fluoride and Its Biological Activity," by Martin and Schatz, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. XII, 1962 July.

11 5

“Fluoride doesn’t prevent dental caries, it only retards it” (in Spanish), El Mercerio, Valparaiso, Chile, 1964 April 25.

11 6

"The Importance of Paradoxical Effects of Fluoride with Respect to Fluoride," by A. Schatz and J.J. Martin, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. XIV, No. 4, pages 113-128, 1964 October.

11 7

"Paradoxical Effects of Fluoride: The Importance in Stomatology" (in Spanish), by A. Schatz and J.J. Martin, Revista Dental de Chile, 54:191-203, 1964.

11 8

"Paradoxical Effects of Fluoride, Its Importance in Dentistry," (in Spanish) by Schatz and Martin, Boletin de Informacion Dental, Madrid, Spain, 1965 January-February.

11 9

"Paradoxical Effects Produced by Fluoride in Vitro and in Vivo, and a Mechanism to Explain these Phenomena," by A. Schatz, V. Schatz and J.J. Martin, Washington University, 1965.

11 10

"Trace Elements, Nutrition, Fluorine and Dental Health," by A. Schatz, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. XV, No. 3 (also in Spanish, "Elements Traza, Nuticion, Fluor y Salu d Dental,"  La Tribune Odontologica, 1965 October-December), 1965 July.

11 11

"Speaking Out," by Albert Schatz, National Fluoridation News, 1965 November-December.

11 12

"Fluoridation and Censorship," by A. Schatz, Prevention Magazine, 1965.

11 13

"Some Comments on Two Books Dealing with the Toxicology of Fluorine Compounds," by A. Schatz, Pakistan Dental Review (also in Spanish, "Algumas Acotaciones a Dos Libros Sobre La Toxicologia de Compuestos de Fluor,"  Revista Dental de Chile), 1965.

11 14

"Trace Elements, Nutrition, Fluorine and Dental Health," by Albert Schatz, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. XV, No. 3, 1965 July.

11 15

"The Failure of Fluoridation in Chile," Primeiro Congresso Internacional De Odonto-Estomatologia de Espirito Santo Vitoria, Espirito Santo, Brazil, 1966 February 6-12.

11 16

"La Necesidad de Objectividad Respecto a la Teoria Acida de Miller y La Fluoracin," El Primer Congresso Internacional de Odonto-Estomatologia de Esprito Santo Vitoria, Brasil, 1966 February 6-12.

11 17

"The need for Objectivity with respect to Miller’s Acid Theory and Fluoridation (A Philosophical Book Review)," Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. 16, No. 2, 1966 April.

11 18

"El Fracaso de la Fluoranion En Chile," La Tribuna Odontologica, 1966 October-December.

11 19

Fluoride Toxicity Prevention, 1966 April.

11 20

"Dental ‘Authorities’ Suppress Research Work," by A. Schatz, Aqua Pwia, Vol. 4, No. 12, page 2, 1967 May.

11 21

"Failure of Fluoridation in Chile, by A. Schatz, Aqua, Pira, Austrailia and  Pakistan Dental Review, 1967, 1968.

11 22

The International Society for Fluoride Research, Program of the Second Conference University of Barcelona, Medical Clinic 3, 1969 January 27-28.

11 23

"Use of Compost Instead of Chemical Fertilizer to Avoid Fluorine Contamination of Soil, Water and Food," by Albert Schatz and Vivian Schatz, Compost Science, Vol. 13, No. 2, 1972 March-April.

11 24

"The Failure of Fluoridation in the United Kingdom," by A. Schatz and J.J. Martin, Pakistan Dental Review, Vol. XXII, No. 1 & 2, 1972 April/June.

11 25

"A Simple Fluoride Experiment for Home and School," by A. Schatz, National Fluoridation News, Vol. SVIII, No. 3, 1972 July-September.

11 26

"The Failure of Fluoridation in England," by A. Schatz, Prevention, 1972 October.

11 27

Dr. Albert Schatz speaks out against the use of fluoride, Temple University News Release, 1972 November 6.

11 28

Superphosphate, Fertilizers, Fluoridated Toothpaste and Water Hazardous to Health and Environment, National Fluoridation News, 1972 October-December.

11 29

"An Example of Lost Details" (in Spanish), by Albert Schatz, La Revista La Tribuna Odontologica, Ano LVII, No.10, pages 11-12, 1973 October-December.

11 30

"9,500 Children Harmed by Artificial Fluoridation," by A. Schatz, Pakistan Dental Review, 1974 July/October.

11 31

"The Opponents of Fluoridation Are Guilty," by James Franklin (pen name of A. Schatz), National Fluoridation News, 1974 October-December.

11 32

Schatz speaks about the harmful effects of fluoridation at the Congress of the Movement Naturiste Social, Montreal, Canada, 1976 April 4.

11 33

"Increased Death Rates in Chile Associated with Artificial Fluoridation of Drinking Water, with Implications for Other Countries," by Albert Schatz, Journal of Arts, Science and Humanities, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1976 January.

11 34

"Low-level Fluoridation and Low-Level Radiation Two Care Histories of Misconduct in Science," by A. Schatz. (Paradoxical effects of each, also: www.fluoridation.com/schatz.htm), 1996.

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"Low-Level Fluoridation and Low-Level Radiation Case Histories of Misconduct in Science," by Albert Schatz, The Australian Fluoridation News, Vol. 32, No. 3, 1996 May-June.

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Professor A. Schatz./Professor J. Gofman regarding opposition at Temple University to Schatz’s articles against fluoridation, 1997 April 6.

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"Paradoxical Effects: Critique of A Study," by A. Schatz, Fluoride, Vol. 30(2), 131-132, 1997 May.

11 38

"Clear and Present Danger," by Bob Woffenden, The Guardian Weekend, article regarding the harmful effects of fluoridation (includes a letter by Albert Schatz who was interviewed for the article), 1997 June 7.

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"Fluoridation and Infant Deaths," letter to the editor by A . Schatz, Fluoride, Vol. 30, No. 3, 1997 August.

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"Paradoxical Dose – Response Effects of Fluorine," by A.W. Burgstahler, Fluoride, Vol. 35, No. 3, 143-147, 2002.

11 41

Albert Shatz letter to A. Burgstakler regarding paradoxical effects of fluoridation, 2003 January 2.

11 42

Fluoridation: Errors and Omissions in Experimental Trials, by Philip Sulton (forward by Professor Albert Schatz. Ph.D.).

11 43

"The problem of dental caries and the fluoridation of public water supplies," by D.G. Steyn (South Africa) with references to Schatz on pages 5 and 6.

11 44

"Fluoride’s Action Unpredictable," (refers to publication by A. Schatz and J. Martin), National Fluoridation News, 1962 October-December.

11 45

"Paradoxical effect of fluoride," by A. Schatz and J. Martin, excerpts from an International Dental Conference in Budapest, Hungary, 1964.

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