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Sarah Wistar Rhoads family papers

Coll.1211

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections
Creator:
Rhoads family
Creator:
Rhoads, Sarah Wistar, 1839-1920
Title:
Sarah Wistar Rhoads family papers
Date [bulk]:
1824-1930
Date [inclusive]:
1824-1963
Call Number:
Coll.1211
Extent:
9.5 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
The Sarah Wistar Rhoads family papers indicate strong relationships and family ties that spanned the 19th and 20th centuries. Sarah Wistar Rhoads (1839-1920) married William Gibbons Rhoads (1838-1880) on November 28, 1866. At that time, the Rhoads, Gibbons and Wistar families began corresponding, the result being an outstanding collection illustrating family support, friendship and love. These papers include correspondence, financial records, diaries and journals, memorabilia, classwork and notes, copied poems, prayers, sermons and verses, memorials, genealogical research, Quaker material and photographs. Researchers interested in family papers and Quaker family dynamics, social life, and customs may find this collection extremely useful.
Cite as:
Haverford College Library, Haverford, PA, Quaker Collection, Sarah Wistar Rhoads family papers, Coll. No. 1211.
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

The Sarah Wistar Rhoads family papers indicate strong relationships and family ties that spanned the 19th and 20th centuries. Sarah Wistar (1839-1920) married William Gibbons Rhoads (1838-1880) on November 28, 1866. It was that event that joined three Quaker families, the Rhoads, Gibbons and Wistars, beginning a long correspondence between them all, and resulting in an outstanding collection illustrating family support, friendship and love for more than three generations.

The Rhoads family included in this collection begins with Samuel Rhoads, Jr. (1806-1868) who was born on September 19, 1806, the son of Samuel and Sarah (Garrett) Rhoads. Samuel Rhoads, Jr. was a manager of Haverford College and the publisher and editor of the Friends Review from 1853 to 1867. On March 15, 1837, he married Anne Gibbons (1809-1890). Gibbons was born on September 28, 1809, and as evidenced in the collection, maintained a very close relationship with her mother Hannah and her Aunt Jane Gibbons throughout her life. Anne Gibbons died on February 16, 1890 at the age of 81, and Samuel Rhoads Jr. died on July 14, 1868. They had at least four children: Jane, Edward, Sophia and William Rhoads.

Jane Gibbons Rhoads died on February 25, 1860 at age 20.

Edward was born on September 29, 1841 and obtained his education at Haverford College from 1855 to 1859, graduating at the head of his class in 1859. He continued his education at the University of Pennsylvania, studying medicine and graduating with the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1863. He began his work as Resident Physician in the Philadelphia Hospital located in West Philadelphia and in 1864, became Resident Physician at the Pennsylvania Hospital. At this point, he suffered from a relapse of articular rheumatism which first affected him in 1859 and 1860. After recovering from his illness in 1865, Edward traveled to Europe for an eight month period of time. Upon his return, Edward became Visiting Physician to the Philadelphia Hospital in 1866 and also taught courses at the University of Pennsylvania where, in 1870, he was appointed lecturer on Physical Diagnosis. His memberships included the Philosophical Society; the Philadelphia College of Physicians, serving as Recording Secretary; the Academy of Natural Sciences; and the Pathological Society. He died on January 15, 1871 at the age of 29. According to an obituary notice written and read before the American Philosophical Society by Henry Hartshorne, M.D., Dr. Edward Rhoads' "intellectual endowments, though great, were always perceived to be subordinated to moral qualities more rare and admirable," (Hartshorne, Box 15).

Sophia Rhoads was born in 1850 and married Asa Shove Wing, President of the Provident Life and Trust Company of Philadelphia, on April 30, 1873. Sophia died on March 16, 1901.

William Gibbons Rhoads was born on March 26, 1838 and obtained his education at Haverford where he "gained the respect and esteem of his instructors and fellow students," ( Friends' Review, page 681). Because Haverford did not have a Scientific Department until 1858, he never received his degree. William G. Rhoads worked with a shipbuilding firm until he discovered that the company was involved in war work at which point he resigned his post. He then became involved in the plumbing business, in which his "knowledge and successful application of the laws of hydraulics gave him a high standing, both with the trade and those who had occasion to employ him," (  The Haverfordian, pages 8-9). He died on April 28, 1880 from inflammatory rheumatism at the age of 42.

William G. Rhoads and Sarah Wistar Rhoads had six children: Lydia Wistar Rhoads, born June 29, 1868; Jane Gibbons Rhoads, born May 1, 1870; Ethel Rhoads, born June 18, 1871; Edward Rhoads, born October 8, 1873; William Rhoads, born July 10, 1876; and Samuel, born on February 16, 1878. Jane Gibbons Rhoads died on June 8, 1897 at the age of 27. Edward Rhoads graduated from Haverford College in 1893 with second honors in physics as a Bachelor of Science. He attended John Hopkins University from 1896-1898 where he earned his Ph.D. He then became an instructor in physics at the Worcester Polyclinic Institute from 1898 to 1901. In 1901, he became an instructor of physics at Haverford College. He was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He died on July 4, 1903 following an attempt to run the Susquehanna rapids near Columbia, Pennsylvania at the age of 30.

Bibliography:

Friends Review. Vox. XXXIII, No. 43 (Box 15).

Hartshorne, Henry, M.D. "Obituary Notice of Eward Rhoads, M.D.," Read before the American Philosophical Society (Box 15).

The Haverfordian. Vol. 1, No. 9, 1880 (Box 15).

Scope and Contents

The Sarah Wistar Rhoads family papers include correspondence; financial records; diaries and journals; memorabilia; class work and notes; copied poems, prayers, sermons and verses; memorials; genealogical research; Quaker material; and photographs.

The largest component of this collection is family correspondence and it is arranged alphabetically by recipient and chronologically within each group. The collection includes extensive correspondence of Sarah Wistar Rhoads; her husband William G. Rhoads; his mother and father, Anne and Samuel Rhoads; his brother Edward Rhoads; his aunt Jane Gibbons; and his grandmother Hannah Gibbons. The correspondence also includes correspondence to the Wistar family, especially to Caspar Wistar, Lydia Jones Wistar, and Thomas Wistar. Sarah Wistar and William G. Rhoads corresponded regularly with their children, most extensively with Edward G. Rhoads, Ethel Rhoads (later Potts), Lydia Wistar Rhoads, Sophia Rhoads (later Wing), and Jane Gibbons Rhoads. The "Correspondence" series also includes the correspondence of Sarah and William G. Rhoads' children to each other and their friends. This series indicates the depth of extended family relationships in the Rhoads family.

The "Financial Records" included in this collection consist mainly of account books and estate information which is arranged chronologically. Interestingly, this series includes Sarah Wistar Rhoads' account books as guardian of her minor children after her husband William G. Rhoads died on April 28, 1880. The account books include information on education, allowances, doctors' bills and general expenses. Also included in this series is information regarding deeds for Rhoads family land and homes.

Included in the "Diaries and Journals" series are an autobiographical account of experiences by Samuel Rhoads as well as his travel diaries from a trip to England in 1834. Other authors of diaries in the collection are Jane Gibbons Rhoads, Anne Rhoads, and Sarah Wistar Rhoads. Dr. Edward Rhoads kept a diary of his trip to Europe in 1865 to 1866. This series is arranged chronologically.

Family "Memorabilia" includes hair clippings from the Rhoads family and pressed flower mementos.

William G. Rhoads, his brother Edward G. Rhoads and his son Edward G. Rhoads attended Haverford College. Included in the "Class Work and Notes" series are class books, papers and addresses and notes. It is unclear if these are all related to Haverford College.

This collection contains a large number of "Copied Poems, Prayers, Sermons and Verses" that were important to the family members. Jane Gibbons Rhoads and Sophia Rhoads Wing copied and collected these passages. In addition, there are four folders whose collectors are unknown.

Written "Memorials" for many members of the Rhoads, Gibbon and Wistar family are available in this collection. In most cases, newspaper clippings and obituaries are available. In some cases, there are memorials or poems written about the deceased. There are also copious notes on the illnesses of several family members, especially Hannah Gibbons, Dr. Edward Rhoads and William G. Rhoads. The memorials are arranged chronologically.

The Rhoads family appeared to have great interest in their genealogy and included in this collection is extensive research resulting from correspondence to and from extended family. The most commonly found names in the "Genealogical Research Conducted by Rhoads Family" series are: Garat, Gibbons, Jones, Pusey, Preston, Rhoads, Sellars and Wistar.

The Rhoads family was a Quaker family and their faith is evident in nearly every series in this collection. However, there is some material that is focused entirely on their involvement with the Society of Friends. These materials, found in the "Quaker Material" series, include Samuel Rhoads editing the Friends' Review and participating in yearly meetings, documentation from a Quaker Theological Discussion Group, an essay entitled "Considerations, Etc." regarding abolition, and newspaper clippings regarding Quakerism.

The final series in this collection consists of family "Photographs." Nearly every member of the family is represented in this series.

This collection is an outstanding resource for those researching Quaker family dynamics, social life, and customs. These materials provide an intimate glimpse into 19th century Philadelphia through the eyes of an active and socially involved family. Because a large percentage of the correspondence is written by women, this collection also provides insight into Quaker women and their role in society throughout much of the 19th century.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections,  2009.10.27

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Holly Mengel

Sponsor

The processing of this collection was made possible through generous funding from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, administered through the Council on Library and Information Resources’ “Cataloging Hidden Special Collections and Archives” Project.

Access Restrictions

This collection is available for research use.

Use Restrictions

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the Archives with requests for copying and for authorization to publish, quote or reproduce material.

Custodial History note

Gift of Lydia Wistar Rhoads.

Custodial History note

Contents of a box forming part of this collection came from the desk of Sarah Wistar and passed to her daughter Lydia W. Rhoads and then to the latter's daughter Sarah Rhoads Potts Benson.

Processing Information note

The processing of this collection was made possible through generous funding from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, administered through the Council on Library and Information Resources’ “Cataloging Hidden Special Collections and Archives” Project.

This collection is minimally processed to the folder level.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Haverford College: Rhoads family papers, 1033, and Esther B. Rhoads family, 1153.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)
  • Haverford College.
  • Society of Friends.
Form/Genre(s)
  • Account books
  • Clippings
  • Commonplace books
  • Correspondence
  • Deeds
  • Diaries
  • Estate records
  • Family papers
  • Genealogical tables
  • Manuscripts
  • Obituaries
  • Photographs
  • Prayers
  • Sermons
  • Wills
Geographic Name(s)
  • Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.)
  • Haverford (Pa.)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)
Personal Name(s)
  • Gibbons, Hannah, d. 1868
  • Potts, Ethel Rhoads, b. 1871
  • Rhoads, Anne Gibbons, 1809-1890
  • Rhoads, Edward, 1841-1871
  • Rhoads, Edward, 1873-1903
  • Rhoads, Jane Gibbons, 1870-1897
  • Rhoads, Jane Gibbons, d. 1860
  • Rhoads, Lydia Wistar, b. 1868
  • Rhoads, Samuel, b. 1878
  • Rhoads, Samuel, Jr., 1806-1868
  • Rhoads, Sarah Wistar, 1839-1920
  • Rhoads, William Gibbons, 1838-1880
  • Rhoads, William Gibbons, b. 1876
  • Wing, Asa S. (Asa Shove), 1850-1931
  • Wing, Sophia Rhoads, 1850-1901
Subject(s)
  • Abolitionists
  • Physicians
  • Quaker women
  • Quakers

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Collection Inventory

Correspondence.

Box

To Hannah Gibbons, 1836-1871.

1

To Hannah Gibbons and Jane Gibbons from Anne and William Rhoads, 1847-1896.

1

To Jane Gibbons from Anne Rhoads, Edward Rhoads, Asa Wing and Sophia Rhoads Wing, 1859-1897.

1

To Jane Gibbons from family, 1869-1898.

1

To Samuel J. Jones from his family, circa 1826.

1

To Anne Gibbons Rhoads from Samuel Rhoads, 1936-1937.

1

To Anne Gibbons Rhoads from Samuel Rhoads, 1843-1851.

1

To Anne Gibbons Rhoads and Jane Gibbons from William G., Edward, Jane and Sophia Rhoads, 1847-1859.

1

To Anne Gibbons Rhoads from friends, 1870-1872.

2

To Anne Gibbons Rhoads from Sarah Wistar Rhoads, 1871-1888.

2

To Anne Gibbons Rhoads from Sarah Wistar Rhoads regarding the illness of William G. Rhoads, 1880.

2

To Dr. Edward Rhoads, 1860-1866.

2

To Dr. Edward Rhoads from William G. Rhoads, 1860-1866.

2

To Dr. Edward Rhoads, 1860-1870.

2

To Dr. Edward Rhoads from Dr. William Pepper, 1861-1870.

2

To Dr. Edward Rhoads from Samuel Rhoads during Edward's trip to Europe, 1865-1866.

2

From Dr. Edward Rhoads regarding his European Tour (3 folders), 1865-1866.

2

To Dr. Edward Rhoads, 1866-1869.

3

To Dr. Edward Rhoads, 1866-1870.

3

Calling Cards to Dr. Edward Rhoads, undated.

3

To Edward Rhoads, 1893-1903.

3

From Ethel Rhoads to her family during her Mediterranean Cruise, 1904.

3

From Ethel Rhoads to Michael Doyle, undated.

3

To Ethel Rhoads Potts from her daughter Florrie, 1936.

3

To Jane Gibbons Rhoads from William G. Rhoads, 1857.

3

To Jane Gibbons Rhoads from her family, 1857-1858.

3

Letters from Jane Gibbons Rhoads to Louisa Oliver, 1857-1859.

3

From Jane Gibbons Rhoads before her death in 1860, 1858-1860.

3

To Lydia Wistar Rhoads from her family and friends, 1885-1899.

4

To Lydia Wistar Rhoads from family and friends, 1869-1909.

4

To Lydia Wistar Rhoads during her trip to England, 1907.

4

To Lydia Wistar Rhoads, 1900-1920.

4

From Samuel Rhoads to his parents, Sarah Evans, Benjamin Valentine and Joseph Warrington, circa 1834.

4

From Samuel Rhoads, 1834-1835.

4

From Samuel Rhoads to the Pease family, 1835-1860.

5

To Samuel and Anne Rhoads, 1837-1850.

5

Funeral Announcements sent to Samuel and Anne Rhoads, 1838-1859.

5

To Samuel Rhoads from his friends, 1847-1865.

5

To Samuel and Anne Rhoads after the death of Jane Gibbons Rhoads, 1860.

5

Invitations sent to Samuel and Anne Rhoads, 1860-1878.

5

Calling Cards for Samuel and Anne Rhoads, undated.

5

To Sarah Wistar Rhoads at the time of her wedding.

5

To Sarah Wistar Rhoads from Dr. Edward Rhoads, 1860-1870.

6

To Sarah Wistar Rhoads, 1861-1907.

6

To Sarah Wistar Rhoads from family, 1860-1871.

6

To Sarah Wistar Rhoads from William G. Rhoads, 1867.

6

To Sarah Wistar Rhoads from William G. Rhoads, 1876.

6

To Sarah Wistar Rhoads from Hannah Gibbons, Jane Gibbons and Anne Rhoads, 1877-1883.

6

To Sarah Wistar Rhoads from her children, 1879-1907.

6

To Sarah Wistar Rhoades following the death of William G. Rhoads, 1880.

6

To Sarah Wistar Rhoads, 1880-1906.

6

To Sarah Wistar Rhoads from Edward Rhoads, 1889-1901.

7

To Sarah Wistar Rhoads from Edward G. Rhoads, 1889-1901.

7

To Sarah Wistar Rhoads following the death of Edward G. Rhoads, 1903 July.

7

To Sarah Wistar Rhoads following the death of Edward G. Rhoads, 1903 July.

7

To Sarah Wistar Rhoads from Thomas Wistar, 1910.

7

To Sarah Wistar Rhoads from William Rhoads, 1920.

7

To William G. Rhoads from Hannah Gibbons, Jane Gibbons and Dr. Edward Rhoads, 1848-1861.

8

To William Rhoads from Hannah Gibbons, Jane Gibbons and Anne and Samuel Rhoads, 1856-1861.

8

To William G. Gibbons from Anne and Samuel Rhoads, 1856-1869.

8

To William G. Rhoads from Jane Gibbons Rhoads, 1857.

8

To William G. Rhoads from friends, 1859-1863.

8

To William G. Rhoads from Anne Rhoads and Dr. Edward Rhoads, 1860-1862.

8

To William G. Rhoads from William Hilles, Samuel and Anne Rhoads and Hannah Gibbons, 1862-1869.

8

To William G. Rhoads from Wilberforce Wistar, 1863.

8

To William G. Rhoads from Sarah Wistar Rhoads, 1865-1866.

8

To William G. Rhoads from family, 1865-1876.

8

To Sophia Rhoads Wing following the death of Anne Rhoads, 1890.

9

To Sophia Rhoads Wing from Sophie Pease and Jane Gibbons, 1893-1895.

9

To Sophia Rhoads Wing from Asa Wing, 1893-1897.

9

To Sophia Rhoads Wing from Jane Gibbons Rhoads, 1895-1899.

9

To Sophia Rhoads Wing, 1895-1897.

9

To Sophia Rhoads Wing from Jane Gibbons Rhoads, 1895-1896.

9

To Sophia Rhoads Wing from Jane Gibbons Rhoads, 1896-1897.

10

To Sophia Rhoads Wing regarding the illness and death of Jane Gibbons Rhoads, 1897.

10

To Caspar Wistar from Thomas Wistar, 1824.

10

To Caspar Wistar, circa 1826.

10

To and from Lydia J. Wistar, 1867-1871.

10

To Thomas Wistar from William Rhoads, 1858.

10

To Thomas Wistar from Edward G. Rhoads, 1869.

10

Unidentified Correspondence, undated.

10

Financial Records.

Box

William Gibbons' shares in Columbia Water Company, 1827.

10

Anne Gibbons Accounts and Bills, 1836-1837.

10

Free Produce Association of Friends Constitution and Finances, 1846.

10

Samuel Rhoads' shares in the Haverford Plank Road Company, 1852.

10

Brief of Title to Blockley, land owned by Samuel Rhoads, 1854.

10

Samuel Rhoads' receipts for debts, 1862-1864.

10

Samuel Rhoads Estate, 1868.

10

William Rhoads Account Book, 1868-1911.

11

Lydia J. Wistar Estate, 1878.

11

Anne Rhoads Estate, 1890.

11

Account Book of Sarah Wistar Rhoads, Guardian, 1880-1891.

11

Account Book of Sarah Wistar Rhoads, Guardian, 1890-1899.

11

William F. Jones Estate, 1897.

11

Contract making Lydia Wistar Rhoads attorney of Rhoads family land, 1901 April 12.

11

Katherine J. Wistar Estate, 1903.

11

Jane Gibbons' Will (copy), circa 1897.

11

Ethel Rhoads Potts Account Book, 1910-1935.

11

First Cash Book (creator unknown), 1911-1929.

12

Account Book (creator unknown), 1914-1920.

12

Deed for Rhoads Land (copy), 1922.

12

Diaries and Journals.

Box

An Account of Experiences of Samuel Rhoads by Samuel Rhoads, circa 1827.

12

Samuel Rhoads' Travel Diary from Trip to England, 1834.

12

Jane Gibbons Rhoads Diaries, 1852, 1857.

12

Anne Rhoads Memorandum and Notes, 1856-1899.

12

Dr. Edward Rhoads Travel Diary from Trip to Europe, 1865-1866.

12

Sarah Wistar Rhoads' Diary, 1866.

12

Sarah Wistar Rhoads' Mother's Book, 1869-1877.

13

Sarah Wistar Rhoads' Diary, 1899.

13

Journal of Telephone Calls, 1953-1962.

13

Sketchbook with Sketch of Lydia (creator unknown), undated.

13

Unidentified Travel Diary, undated.

13

Unidentified Diaries, undated.

13

Memorabilia.

Box

Hair Clippings of Rhoads family, 1852-1853.

13

Pressed Flower Mementos, undated.

13

Class Work and Notes.

Box

William G. Rhoads Class Books, 1854-1855.

14

Dr. Edward G. Rhoads Papers and Addresses, 1857-1858.

14

Dr. Edward G. Rhoads Notes, undated.

14

Copied Poems, Prayers, Sermons and Verses.

Box

Collected by Jane Gibbons Rhoads, undated.

14

Collected by Sophia Rhoads Wing, undated.

14

Unknown Collectors (four folders), undated.

14

Memorials.

Box

Notes regarding the illness and death of Hannah Gibbons, 1857-1868.

15

Obituaries and Memorials for Jane Gibbons Rhoads, 1860.

15

Obituaries and Memorials for Isaac Cooper Jones, 1865.

15

Obituaries and Memorials for Hannah Gibbons, 1868.

15

Notes regarding the illness and death of Dr. Edward G. Rhoads, 1870.

15

Obituaries and Memorials for Dr. Edward G. Rhoads, 1871.

15

Notes regarding the illness and death of William G. Rhoads, 1880.

15

Obituaries and Memorials for William G. Rhoads, 1880.

15

Obituaries and Memorials for Anne Rhoads, 1890.

15

Obituaries and Memorials for Edward G. Rhoads, 1904.

15

Obituaries and Memorials for Isaac J. Wistar, 1905.

15

Obituaries and Memorials for Caspar Wistar, undated.

15

Obituaries, undated.

15

Genealogical Research Conducted by Rhoads Family.

Box

Family Trees, undated.

16

Information regarding the Gibbons, Jones, Pusey, Preston, Rhoads and Wistar families, undated.

16

Information regarding the Garat, Gibbons and Pusey families, undated.

16

Information regarding the Pusey family, undated.

16

Information regarding the Rhoads and Sellars families, undated.

16

Germantown and Wistar family history, undated.

16

Chain of Colonial Houses, Fairmount Park, Philadelphia and other Philadelphia family histories, undated.

16

Quaker Material.

Box

Samuel Rhoads material, 1836-1838.

17

Quaker Theological Discussion Group, 1958-1973.

17

Considerations, Etc. by Brown (regarding, in part, abolition), undated.

17

Newspaper Clippings regarding Quakerism, undated.

17

Photographs.

Box

Hannah Firth Jones, undated.

17

Isaac Cooper Jones, undated.

17

Isaac Cooper Jones, Jr., circa 1875.

17

William Jones, 1891 July 14.

17

Edward H. Kendall, undated.

17

Edward Kendall, Jr., undated.

17

Sarah Rhoads Potts, undated.

17

Potts Children with Sarah Wistar Rhoads and Ethel Rhoads Potts, undated.

17

Anne Rhoads, circa 1889.

17

Beulah M. Rhoads, undated.

17

Edward Rhoads, circa 1870.

17

Ethel Rhoads, circa 1891.

17

Lydia Wistar Rhoads, 1870-1906.

17

Samuel Rhoads, undated.

18

Sarah Wistar Rhoads and Children at Eaglesmere, 1889.

18

Sarah Wistar Rhoads and Margaret W. [unreadable], 1916.

18

Sarah Wistar Rhoads family album, undated.

18

Sophia Rhoads, undated.

18

William G. Rhoads with Haverford Class, undated.

18

William G. Rhoads with son Edward, undated.

18

William G. Rhoads and Sarah Wistar Rhoads, undated.

18

Rhoads Children, circa 1875-1882.

18

William Silver and Edith Wistar Stokes Silver, circa 1897.

18

Sophia Rhoads Wing, circa 1891.

18

Caspar Wistar, circa 1826.

18

Isaac Wistar, undated.

18

Katherine J. Wistar, undated.

18

Lydia Jones Wistar, 1876-1877.

18

Thomas Wistar, undated.

18

Thomas Wistar, undated.

18

Dr. Thomas Wistar, Sarah Wistar Rhoads, Lydia Wistar Kendall, Margaret Wistar Haines and Hannah Wistar Hacker, undated.

19

Travel Album to Granada, Algiers, Egypt, Greece, etc. (creator unknown), 1904.

19