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Virginia Lee Burton papers

CLRC.BURTON

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Free Library of Philadelphia. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Summary Information

Repository:
Free Library of Philadelphia: Children's Literature Research Collection
Creator:
Burton, Virginia Lee, 1909-1968
Title:
Virginia Lee Burton papers
Date [inclusive]:
circa 1954-1962
Call Number:
CLRC.BURTON
Extent:
12.5 Linear feet
Language:
English
Abstract:
This collection consists of sketches, artwork, illustrations, dummies, galleys, typescripts, and color separations created by Virginia Lee Burton for the book Life Story (1962).
Cite as:
[Description and date of item], [Box and folder number], Virginia Lee Burton papers, 1954-1962, Free Library of Philadelphia, Children’s Literature Research Collection.
Finding Aid's Home Repository URL:
http://libwww.freelibrary.org/ead/view.cfm?name=Burton
PDF Version:

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Biography/History

Virginia Lee Burton was born in Newton Center, Massachusetts, on August 30, 1909 to Lena Dalkeith Yates, a poet and artist, and Alfred Burton, an engineer. The family moved to Carmel-by-the-Sea, California, in 1920, and in 1925 Burton's parents divorced. After high school, Burton studied art and dance in San Francisco, but her ballet career ended in 1928 when she moved back to Massachusetts to take care of her father. In 1930, she enrolled in a drawing class taught by George Demetrios at Boston Museum School. They were married less than a year later, on March 28, 1931. Their first son, Aristides Burton Demetrios, was born on February 17, 1932. The family settled in Folly Cove, the northernmost part of Gloucester, Massachusetts, and their second son, Michael Burton Demetrios, was born on August 30, 1936.

Burton began writing children's books to entertain her sons. Her first book, Jonnifer Lint, was about a piece of dust. It was rejected by thirteen publishers and the reason became clear when she tried to read the story to her 3-year-old son Aris, who fell asleep. Her first illustration work was a commission by the publisher Houghton Mifflin Company to provide the artwork for  Sad-Faced Boy (1937) by Arna Bontemps. Shortly afterward,  Choo Choo: The Story of a Little Engine Who Ran Away (1937) became the first published book that Burton both wrote and illustrated. Burton received the Caldecott Medal and the Lewis Carroll Shelf Award for  Little House (1942). Other well-known works by Burton include  Mike Mulligan and His Steam Shovel (1939),  Calico, the Wonder Horse (1941),  Katy and the Big Snow (1943), and  Maybelle, the Cable Car (1952).

It would be ten years before Burton published her final book, Life Story (1962). Returning to some of the themes and design of  Little House, Burton tells the tale of life at its inception through an illustrated stage play. The acts and scenes are narrated by a cast of characters including an astronomer, a geologist, a paleontologist, a historian, a grandmother, and Burton herself. Burton researched the text at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City. Her attention to detail is evident in all of her books, but none more so than  Life Story. The final pages depict the last twenty-five years of her life in Folly Cove, where she lived until passing away on October 15, 1968 at the age of fifty-nine.

Bibliography

Children's Literature Review, vol. 11, 32.

Something About the Author, vol. 100, 42.

"Virginia Lee Burton," Wikipedia, accessed October 12, 2010, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virginia_Lee_Burton.

Elleman, Barbara. Virginia Lee Burton : A Life in Art. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2002.

Scope and Contents

This collection contains sketchbooks, preliminary sketches, final illustrations, dummies, galleys, typescripts, and color separations for Life Story written and illustrated by Virginia Lee Burton. The collection consists primarily of sketches, drawings, and illustrations.

Burton pinned her initial watercolor sketches to her studio walls, and the sketches still have pinholes, bearing witness to her working methods. The six sketchbooks consist of handwritten drafts and drawings, many of which were made at the American Museum of Natural History. Further evidence of Burton's artistic technique can be found in the preliminary artwork, which consists of multiple versions of each page, some on small scraps of papers and others on oversized board. The earlier scenes were much more extensively reworked than the later scenes, of which there are far fewer iterations.

Each dummy is a bound volume containing sketches and drawings of the final artwork. Color separations are for the textual pages only and suffer from vinegar syndrome. (Please consult Curator regarding use.) The final artwork consists of the finished illustrations that appeared in the published addition. Altogether, the collection outlines the evolution of the project at each stage, and provides a valuable record of Burton's creative process. This collection does not contain any correspondence regarding the book.

Arrangement note

This collection is arranged in eight series: I. Sketchbooks and notes; II. Ideas not pursued; III. Preliminary artwork; IV. Dummies; V. Typescript and galley proof; VI. Final artwork; VII. Color separations; VIII. First published edition.

Within each subseries, materials are arranged in probable order of creation.

Administrative Information

Publication Information

Free Library of Philadelphia: Children's Literature Research Collection,  2011.02.4

Finding Aid Author

Finding aid prepared by Lindsay Friedman

Sponsor

The processing of this collection was made possible through generous funding from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, administered through the Council on Library and Information Resources’ “Cataloging Hidden Special Collections and Archives” Project.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open to researchers by appointment. Please contact the Curator for information on access.

Use Restrictions

The right of access to material does not imply the right of publication. Permission for reprinting, reproduction, or extensive quotation from the rare books, manuscripts, prints, or drawings must be obtained through written application, stating the use to be made of the material. The reader bears the responsibility for any possible infringement of copyright laws in the publication of such material. A reproduction fee will be charged if the material is to be reproduced in a commercial publication.

Some of the materials in this collection may be too fragile for use without the Curator’s supervision.

Immediate Source of Acquisition note

Gift of Virginia Lee Burton, 1968.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials note

Boston Public Library: Alice M. Jordan Collection, Special Collections.

Boston Public Library: Drawings for Children's Books Collection, Print Department.

Cape Ann Museum: Virginia Lee Burton, Archive Collection, #A00.

San Francisco Public Library: Jane Hart Collection on Book Design, Book Arts & Special Collections.

Sawyer Free Library: Katy and the Big Snow art originals.

University of Minnesota: Virginia Lee Burton papers, 1942-1962, CLRC-10.

University of Oregon: Virginia Lee Burton Papers, 1937-1962, AX839.

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Controlled Access Headings

Form/Genre(s)
  • Color separations
  • Drawings (visual works)
  • Dummies (printed matter)
  • Galley proofs
  • Illustrations
  • Sketchbooks
  • Sketches
  • Typescripts
Personal Name(s)
  • Burton, Virginia Lee, 1909-1968
Subject(s)
  • Children's authors--20th century
  • Children's literature--20th century
  • Illustrated children's books--20th century
  • Illustration of books--20th century

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Bibliography

This collection is referenced in Barbara Elleman's Virginia Lee Burton: A Life in Art (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2002).

Collection Inventory

Sketchbooks and notes.

General note

Includes three handwritten notes identifying the sketchbooks which were drawn from observations at the Museum of Natural History. These notes may have been written by an assistant to Ms. Burton.

Box Volume
Preliminary sketches, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink, 30 sheets.

Preliminary sketches, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink, 30 sheets

[Digital Version]
1 1
Co-Mo small sketchbook, graphite and pen and ink, 34 pages.

Co-Mo small sketchbook, graphite and pen and ink, 34 pages

[Digital Version]
1 2
Small sketchbook, graphite, pen and ink, and watercolor, 60 pages.

Small sketchbook, graphite, pen and ink, and watercolor, 60 pages

[Digital Version]
1 3
Top spiral sketchbook, graphite, pen and ink, and watercolor, 56 pages.

Top spiral sketchbook, graphite, pen and ink, and watercolor, 56 pages

[Digital Version]
1 4
Bond Pad, graphite, pen and ink, and watercolor, 26 pages.

Bond Pad, graphite, pen and ink, and watercolor, 26 pages

[Digital Version]
1 5
Green sketchbook, graphite and pen and ink, 200 pages.

Green sketchbook, graphite and pen and ink, 200 pages

[Digital Version]
1 6
Black sketchbook, graphite and pen and ink, 314 pages.

Black sketchbook, graphite and pen and ink, 314 pages

[Digital Version]
1 7

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Ideas not pursued.

General note

This series was labeled “Ideas not pursued" by Ms. Burton or her assistant.

Box Folder
Manuscript and typescript drafts, 3 sheets.

Page 1

[Digital Version]

Page 2

[Digital Version]

Page 3

[Digital Version]
9 1-3
Preliminary sketches, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 19 sheets.

Preliminary sketches, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 19 sheets

[Digital Version]
9 and 14 4-21

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Preliminary artwork.

Box
Title page and preliminaries, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 59 sheets.

Title page and preliminaries, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 59 sheets

[Digital Version]
2, 3, and 14
Prologue, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 32 sheets.

Prologue, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 32 sheets

[Digital Version]
4
Act I, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 86 sheets.

Act I, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 86 sheets

[Digital Version]
5 and 6
Act II, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 88 sheets.

Act II, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 88 sheets

[Digital Version]
7 and 14
Act III, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 50 sheets.

Act III, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 50 sheets

[Digital Version]
8
Act IV, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 11 sheets.

Act IV, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 11 sheets

[Digital Version]
9 22-32
Act V, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 16 sheets.

Act V, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper and board, 16 sheets

[Digital Version]
9 33-48
Closing end papers, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on board, 6 sheets.

Closing end papers, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on board, 6 sheets

[Digital Version]
9 and 14 49-53

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Dummies.

Box Folder

Master dummy, graphite on paper with text pasted in, 83 pages, 1960.

10 4
Color dummy, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper, 84 pages.

Color dummy, gouache, graphite, and pen and ink on paper, 84 pages

[Digital Version]
10 5

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Typescript and galley proof.

Box Folder

Corrected typescript.

10 1

Type specimens.

10 2

Corrected galley proofs.

10 3

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Color separations.

Box

Page 3, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 5, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 7, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 9, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 11, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 13, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 15, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 17, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 19, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 21, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 23, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 25, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 27, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 29, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 31, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 33, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 35, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 37, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 39, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 41, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 43, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 45, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 47, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 49, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 51, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 53, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 55, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 57, yellow color separation, 1 sheet.

11

Page 59, yellow color separation, 1 sheet.

11

Page 61, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 63, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 65, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Page 67, grey and yellow color separations, 2 sheets.

11

Endpapers, grey and yellow color separations, 4 sheets.

11

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Final artwork.

Box

Cover, gouache on board.

14

Front endpapers, gouache and pen and ink on board.

14

Title page, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Copyright page, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Program page 1, gouache on board.

12

Program page 2/4, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Program page 3/5, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 1, pen and ink with on paper.

12

Page 2, gouache and pen and ink and on board.

12

Page 3, gouache and pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 4, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 5, pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 6, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 7, pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 8, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 9, pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 10, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 11, pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 12, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 13, pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 14, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 15, pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 16, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 17, pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 18, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 19, pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 20, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 21, pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 22, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 23, pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 24, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 25, pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 26, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 27, pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 28, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 29, pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 30, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 31, pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 32, gouache and pen and ink on board.

12

Page 33, pen and ink on paper.

12

Page 34, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 35, pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 36, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 37, pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 38, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 39, pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 40, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 41, pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 42, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 43, pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 44, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 45, pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 46, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 47, pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 48, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 49, pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 50, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 51, pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 52, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 53, gouache and pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 54, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 55, gouache and pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 56, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 57, gouache and pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 58, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 59, pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 60, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 61, pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 62, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 63, pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 64, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 65, pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 66, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 67, pen and ink on paper.

13

Page 68, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Page 69, gouache on board.

13

Page 70, gouache and pen and ink on board.

13

Closing endpapers, pen and ink on paper, 2 sheets.

13
Separated text, 48 sheets.
Scope and Contents note

Printed text separated from original illustrations. This is cut-up galley text that was originally taped to final art and has become separated. Text for page 69 is missing.

13

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First published edition1962.

Box
15

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